Essay about this term "coined by the critic Martin Esslin for the work of a number of playwrights, mostly written in the 1950s and 1960s. The term is derived from an essay by the French philosopher Albert Camus. In his 'Myth of Sisyphus' ... he first defined the human situation as basically meaningless and absurd." Representative playwrights include Samuel Beckett, Eugene Ionesco, Jean Genet, and Harold Pinter. From a lecturer in Czech studies at the University of Glasgow.