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In January 2010, the LII Newsletter was renamed
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LII New This Week
New This Week for November 1, 2007
This Week
This week we present you with a new IRS audit program, the astonishing childhood of the man who invented the saxophone, the world's first medical school for women, better acquaintance with the "Mona Lisa," a preview of the Olympic torch route to Beijing, farm toys, and a way to make your own ancient library catalog cards. The website about coroners is more interesting than you might think -- take a look. Bon appetit from librarians Charlotte, Wendy, Maria, and Jennifer.

Tip of the Week
While you're chomping on that Halloween candy, spare a thought for your oral and dental health -- make those chompers last longer.
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Arts and Humanities

25 Secrets of the Mona Lisa
This October 2007 article discusses how scans with a multi-spectral imaging camera of Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" peel away "centuries of varnish and other alterations, shedding light on how the artist brought the painted figure to life and how she appeared to da Vinci and his contemporaries." Provides images of her left eye, descriptions of several other revelations, and links to related material about da Vinci and Mona Lisa's smile.
From LiveScience.
URL: http://www.livescience.com/history/071018-mona-lisa.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24791

The Last Supper in Detail
"This online visualisation system of the highest definition photograph ever in the world (16 billion pixels)" lets viewers enlarge and observe any portion of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Last Supper' (in the Church and Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie) down to sections "as little as one millimetre square." Also includes a video showing the photography process and background about da Vinci in Milan, the painting restoration, and related topics. In English, Italian, and Japanese.
URL: http://www.haltadefinizione.com/en/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24794

New England Female Medical College
Historical material about the New England Female Medical College, "established in Boston, Massachusetts, by Dr. Samuel Gregory [in 1848] with the purpose of offering modern medical training in female-related fields, ... [this school] was the first in the world to provide medical training for women." Features a scanned scrapbook with newspaper articles (1847-1865), reports, and a catalog. Part of the "Women Working, 1800-1930" website from Harvard University.
URL: http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/ww/organizations-femalemedcollege.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24753

True Colors of the "Mona Lisa" Revealed
This October 2007 press release describes and illustrates how "hidden knowledge of the true colors [of this Leonardo da Vinci painting] was revealed by multispectrally scanning the painting in thirteen channels -- from Ultra Violet to Infra Red." This resulted in "the virtual removal of years of accumulated varnish." Also includes links to citations for recent studies and a presentation. In English and French. From Lumiere Technology, the company that scanned the painting.
URL: http://www.lumiere-technology.com/Pages/News/news3.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24792

Business

How to Sell at Craft Fairs and Shows
This article provides suggestions for turning an artistic hobby into a business by selling handicrafts at art shows and craft fairs. Some of the tips cover finding the right venue for your work, pricing items, bringing someone to help with the booth, and building a mailing list. Includes links to related websites. From Entrepreneur magazine.
URL: http://www.entrepreneur.com/startingabusiness/businessideas/article769...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24774

Government

Election 08 Presidential Election
News and analysis about the 2008 presidential election. Features material about candidates (with links to stories, photos, video and audio clips, and related websites), and the "Democratic Candidate Mashup," in which users build their own debate by selecting video clips from different candidates on topics such as Iraq, health care, and education. Also includes fundraising data, and a summary of where each candidate stands on selected issues. From Yahoo News.
URL: http://news.yahoo.com/election/2008
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24444

Map the Candidates
The politically obsessed can use this website to track 2008 presidential candidate schedules and appearances back to July 2007. Configure custom views using timeline sliders, location zoom, selection of specific candidates. Includes a news feed, videos, and instructions for using the application. From the online magazine Slate.
URL: http://www.slate.com/features/mapthecandidates/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24779

Health

American Diabetes Month
Material associated with topics assigned to the weeks in American Diabetes Month (November). Topics include caregivers (week 1), employees (week 2), diabetes around the world (week 3), at-risk populations (week 4), and youth and Type 1 diabetes (week 5). Also includes a media kit. From the American Diabetes Association.
URL: http://www.diabetes.org/communityprograms-and-localevents/americandiab...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24760

Lung Cancer Alliance
Website for this "national non-profit organization dedicated solely to patient support and advocacy for people living with lung cancer and those at risk for the disease." Features fact sheets about lung cancer treatment, clinical trials, support, and resources, and details about Lung Cancer Awareness Month (November) and other events and advocacy opportunities. Also includes a glossary, news, publications, and legislative briefs.
URL: http://www.alcase.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24778

An Overview of Medical Examiner/Coroner Systems in the United States
This presentation examines the U.S. medical examiner and coroner system, covering history and development of the system, comparison of coroners and medical examiners (such as that coroners are usually not physicians, but medical examiners almost always are physicians and usually pathologists), current status and issues, and related topics. Opens directly into a PDF file. A presentation for the National Academies by a chief medical examiner and professor of forensic pathology.
URL: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/stl/June%20Forensics%20Hanzlick.pdf
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24773

Home & Housing

Conservation Register: How to Care for ...
These fact sheets "give general advice on the care and conservation of a range of different materials or objects. Each fact sheet gives an overview of the materials involved, what can go wrong and why, [and] what owners and custodians can do to prevent and alleviate deterioration." Topics include archaeological materials, books, carpets, furniture, fashion accessories, oil paintings, prints and watercolors, and silver. From the British Institute of Conservation.
URL: http://www.icon.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=9&Ite...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24796

People

Adolph Sax
Biographical material about Adolph Sax, the Belgian-born inventor of the saxophone. Describes his "agitated childhood" (which included many serious accidents), how his father manufactured musical instruments, his move to Paris, his invention of the saxophone, and the importance of the saxophone to jazz music. In English and French. From the city of Dinant, Belgium, birthplace of Sax.
URL: http://www.dinant.be/index.htm?lg=3&m1=28&m2=88&m3=293
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24754

Africans in America: People & Events: Benjamin Banneker, 1731-1806
Biographical essay about Benjamin Banneker, "author, scientist, mathematician, farmer, astronomer, publisher and urban planner [who] was descended from enslaved Africans, an indentured English servant, and free men and women of color." Discusses accomplishments and key events in his life, and includes a related essay on Banneker's "Almanac," and letters to and from Banneker and Thomas Jefferson. Part of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) "Africans in America" website and TV series.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2p84.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24770

Bergen-Belsen Memorial
Official website for this memorial located in Bergen-Belsen, Germany, on the site of former Nazi prisoner-of-war (POW) and concentration camps during World War II. Includes details about the exhibition building opened in October 2007, a timeline and maps of Bergen-Belsen, and related information about the history of the camp where diarist Anne Frank died. Available in English, German, and French. Some publications currently only available in German.
URL: http://www.bergenbelsen.de/en/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24790

Today in History: November 9: Benjamin Banneker
Collection of resources related to "mathematician and astronomer Benjamin Banneker [who] was born on November 9, 1731, in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland. Largely self-taught, Banneker was one of the first African Americans to gain distinction in science." Includes links to exhibitions, digitized documents, and other images and writings. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress.
URL: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/nov09.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24768

Recreation

Catalog Card Generator
Use this amusing site to generate your own faux library-style catalog cards online by inputting call number, title, text (where you can include author, publisher, or whatever you want), and comments, which will appear in the form of handwritten notes. From John Blyberg, Head of Technology and Digital Initiatives at Darien Library in Connecticut.
URL: http://www.blyberg.net/card-generator/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24645

How Olympic Torches Work
Background about the Olympic torch and the torch run that ends in the Olympic arena and symbolizes the beginning of the Olympic Games. Covers history, design, science behind the flame, torch construction, the lighting of the torch, the relay, and related topics. From How Stuff Works.
URL: http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/olympic-torch.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24795

National Farm Toy Museum
Website for this Iowa museum that houses "thousands of toys and exhibits. ... of [t]ractors, implements, trucks, miniature farm dioramas, toy manufacturing information, and pedal tractors." Its site features photos of dozens of toy tractors from the museum's collectors tractor series, a "Kids Corner" with a tractor-part identification guide, and links to related sites.
URL: http://www.nationalfarmtoymuseum.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24781

Regional: California

Tax Gap News [California]
Collection of publications about the tax gap, which is defined as "the difference between what taxpayers owe and what they voluntarily pay. ... California's tax gap ... [is estimated] to be about $6.5 billion per year." Provides a FAQ, details about the Franchise Tax Board's tax gap strategies and initiatives, how to report an individual or company that may not be complying with tax laws, and more. From the California Franchise Tax Board (FTB).
URL: http://www.ftb.ca.gov/Tax_Gap/index.shtml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24772

Web Resources for California Fires
This website, created at the time of the October 2007 Southern California wildfires, features links to information "on the health effects from fires and exposure to smoke; links to air quality resources, environmental clean-up following fires, and animals in disasters. In addition, resources for emergency responders and information in Spanish are also included." Includes links to material from FEMA, on finding friends and family, and more. From the National Library of Medicine (NLM).
URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/news/california_fires07.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24789

Regions of the World

The Conquest of Mexico
This presentation, originally created by a history professor for an entry-level university course, has the goal of providing a "learning environment for students to learn historical thinking skills while studying one of the most important events in world history, the conquest of Mexico" by the Spaniards. It includes material for teachers and students, maps, primary sources documents, and a brief timeline (1492-1521). Part of the American Historical Association's teaching and learning materials collection.
URL: http://www.historians.org/Tl/LessonPlans/ca/Fitch/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24767

Oxford Science Walk
This walk "takes you to some of the most important and interesting scientific sites in Oxford [England], from the time of the founding of the University in the 13th century ... to advancements in modern science such as the development of penicillin." Click on the map to learn about the work of such people as Edmond Halley (of Halley's comet) and Stephen Hawking. From the Museum of the History of Science, University of Oxford.
URL: http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/features/walk/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24755

Torch Relay, Beijing 2008
Information about the torch relay for the 2008 Olympics held in Beijing. Provides general information about the relay, which starts in March 2008, and details about the selection process for the torch bearers (criteria and methods, allocation), the torch relay route (including an interactive map of the route), and the torch design. Site available in Chinese, English, and French. From the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad.
URL: http://torchrelay.beijing2008.cn/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24793

Science

Society & Social Science

Decades Later, Hite Reports Back
2006 interview with Shere Hite, "sex researcher/cultural historian" and author of "The Hite Report: A Nationwide Study of Female Sexuality" (1976) and other books. Discussion topics include the influence of her books, her research method of analyzing anonymous questionnaires, and why her research is self-financed. Also includes a brief biography of Hite. From USA Today.
URL: http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2006-05-15-hite-report_x.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24782

The National Center for Family Literacy (NCFL)
This organization promotes family literacy, "an intergenerational approach based on the indisputable evidence that low literacy is an unfortunate and debilitating family tradition." Its site features a description of current initiatives, material for teachers, tips for parents, events listing for National Family Literacy Day (November 1), and a database of literacy programs throughout the U.S.
URL: http://www.famlit.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24761

National Domestic Violence Hotline (NDVH)
"NDVH is a nonprofit organization that provides crisis intervention, information and referral to victims of domestic violence, perpetrators, friends and families. The Hotline answers a variety of calls and is a resource for domestic violence advocates, government officials, law enforcement agencies and the general public." Website includes fact sheets, statistics about domestic violence in the U.S., and links to related sites. In English and Spanish. NDVH is a project of Texas Council on Family Violence.
URL: http://www.ndvh.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24540

National Hunger and Homelessness Awareness Week
Details about this awareness event, held annually one week prior to Thanksgiving, where "a number of schools, communities and cities take part in a nationwide effort to bring greater awareness to the problems of hunger and homelessness." Includes background about the week and a downloadable planning manual. Co-sponsored by the National Coalition for the Homeless and the National Student Campaign Against Hunger and Homelessness.
URL: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/getinvolved/projects/awareness/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/24762


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder