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This week browse some delicious sites on Diwali and Thanksgiving, feast your eyes on travel posters, and read up on computer security, torture, press privilege, grand juries, torture, absinthe, influenza, Samuel Alito, Wikipedia, sudoku, energy conservation, monorails, Las Vegas, and more. Bon appetit from the LII team!
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Dresden: Treasures From the Saxon State Library
Companion to an exhibit from 1996 of items from the Saxon State Library. "The most precious holdings of the Saxon State Library were moved [in 1939]. ... Because of this, they largely survived the bombing raids of February and March 1945." The site features a brief chronology of Dresden, Germany, through 1919, photographic views (mainly 1930-1949), and images of materials, including medieval and Renaissance manuscripts and Romantic era items. From the Library of Congress (LOC).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19527
Far and Wide: The Golden Age of Travel Posters
"The 1920's and 1930's ushered in an unprecedented era of travel to exotic and romantic destinations. And nowhere was this more clearly expressed than in the travel posters of that time. The Los Angeles Public Library's collection of travel posters perfectly captures this era. With this exhibition, the Library shares its bounty with the public for the first time." Includes images of almost four-dozen posters.
From the Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19507
National Museum, New Delhi
This Indian museum "has in its possession over 200,000 works of exquisite art, both of Indian and Foreign origin covering more than 5,000 years of our cultural heritage." The site features images of items from the collection in areas such as arms and armor, jewelry, manuscripts, paintings, and sculpture. In English and Hindi.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19531
The Rosa Parks Bus at the Henry Ford Museum
"On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a 42-year-old African American woman who worked as a seamstress, boarded ... [a] Montgomery City bus to go home from work. On this bus on that day, Rosa Parks initiated a new era in the American quest for freedom and equality." This site provides information about the restoration of this historic bus and images of the bus. Also includes a chronology, a bibliography, and links to additional information. From the Henry Ford Museum.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19508
Overview of the production of cashmere from goats, with discussion of countries of production, selection of breeding stock, and maintenance tips. From the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Cooperative State Research Service, Office for Small-Scale Agriculture.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19525
Is Your Printer Spying on You?
October 2005 article about how "the US government has succeeded in persuading some color laser printer manufacturers to encode each page with identifying information," and the implications of this "yellow dot" marking system on privacy concerns. Includes a white paper, directions for printing test sheets, a dot decoding guide, a list of printers that do or don't print tracking dots, and links to more recent information. From the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19501
Independent Inquiry Committee Into the United Nations Oil-for-Food Programme
This committee's purpose is to "collect and examine information relating to the administration and management of the [United Nations] Oil-for-Food Programme, including allegations of fraud and corruption on the part of United Nations officials, personnel and agents, as well as contractors." The website contains documents issued by the committee discussing the management of the program, a FAQ about the committee, and related material about this UN humanitarian relief program in Iraq.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19528
Tax Policy Center
This site features estimates, "tax facts," news, and analysis about potential changes in the federal tax system, such as the 2005 concepts of repealing the deduction for state and local taxes, and replacing the income tax with a tax on consumption. The center is a joint venture of the Urban Institute and the Brookings Institution.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19503
The Torture Question
This Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Frontline program "traces the history of how decisions made in Washington in the immediate aftermath of Sept. 11 ... led to a robust interrogation policy that laid the groundwork for prisoner abuse in Afghanistan; Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; and Iraq." Features opinion from legal experts about whether torture is ever justified, analysis of treatment of prisoners at Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq, a video tour of U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, photos, and more.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19548
Absinthe: What's Your Poison?
This 1999 editorial looks at the health effects of absinthe, a "clear, green liqueur of 74% alcohol. The plant products in absinthe varied among manufacturers, the only universal components being alcohol and wormwood essence." Discusses medical cases from the 19th and 20th centuries caused by toxic doses of the chemical thujone found in the essential oils from wormwood. From the British Medical Journal.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19532
MedlinePlus: Cervical Cancer
Compilation of links to information about cancer of the cervix, covering diagnosis, treatment, prevention and screening, and topics related to cervical cancer (such as human papilloma virus and cervical dysplasia). Some material available in Spanish. From the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19518
The "official U.S. government website for information on pandemic flu and avian influenza" provides links to U.S. government information and material from other sources on vaccines, travel and workplace safety, planning and response, research, and related topics. Includes a link to the November 2005 "National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza," outlining the federal government's strategy for handling the possibility of an influenza pandemic, as well as updates.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19545
Buying Cashmere? Avoid Pulled Wool
This brief article alerts consumers to issues surrounding the labeling of cashmere ("ultra-fine wool, from the undercoat of the Cashmere ... goat") items. Also discusses the term "pashmina." "Some manufacturers use the term to describe an ultrafine cashmere fiber; others use it to describe a blend of cashmere and silk. An Indian word for cashmere, pashmina is not a legally recognized labeling term." Opens directly into a PDF file. From the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19522
The Drink That Fuelled a Nation's Art
Article about absinthe, a high-alcohol drink made with the leaves of the wormwood plant, and its popularity with French artists in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. "[A]rtists including Toulouse-Lautrec, Picasso, Gauguin, van Gogh and Degas either drank it or made it the subject of their paintings." Includes images depicting absinthe and absinthe drinking. From a publication of the Tate museums in England.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19529
"This handy guide is meant to encourage you to take the steps necessary to be ready" for a natural disaster, such as stocking up on water and food, having an evacuation plan, and what to carry in your car. Also includes considerations for disaster preparedness at work and for school emergencies. From the office of Senator Barbara Boxer.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19412
Use Energy Wisely
Tips for making "your home more energy efficient, thereby reducing your heating and cooling bills, and conserving resources at the same time." Includes suggestions for furnaces and water heaters, insulation, and related items. Also includes tips for conserving fuel when driving and links to related sites. From the American Petroleum Institute, which represents the oil and natural gas industry in the United States.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19533
Frequently Asked Questions About the Grand Jury System
This FAQ about the federal grand jury system covers the purposes of the grand jury, typical term, selection of jurors, reasons for secrecy of grand jury proceedings, and specifics of the proceedings, such as witness consultation with a lawyer, immunity, and contempt of court. From the American Bar Association (ABA).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19537
Handbook for Federal Grand Jurors
"This Handbook will acquaint persons who have been selected to serve on a federal grand jury with the general nature and importance of their role as grand jurors." Discusses the origins and history of the grand jury, grand jury tasks, selection of jurors, procedure, and related topics. Includes a glossary. From the Administrative Office of the United States Courts.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19536
Background on the Plame Investigation
Collection of news stories and background on the grand jury investigation of the leak of CIA agent Valerie Plame's name to the press, which in October 2005 resulted in the indictment of vice presidential aide I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby. Highlights include "Key Players in the CIA Leak Investigation" and a slide show of Libby's career. From washingtonpost.com, the online presence of The Washington Post. Registration (free) required.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19538
Locating the Source of the Plame Leak
Collection of news stories (audio files) and background information on the events surrounding the CIA leak case, in which "identity of an undercover CIA operative, Valerie Plame, appeared in the press, with Bush administration officials cited as the source. An ongoing investigation has resulted in the indictment of Lewis Libby, ... chief of staff for Vice President Dick Cheney." Includes a timeline (2002-2005), questions and answers, and legal documents from the case. From National Public Radio (NPR).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19534
Testing Press Privilege in the CIA Leak Case
News reports and features analyzing the events related to the federal grand jury investigation into "the leak of a CIA operative's name [which, in October 2005] charged Vice President Dick Cheney's chief of staff I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby with obstruction of justice, making a false statement and perjury." Includes audio of programs, documents from the case, opinion pieces, and links to related stories. From The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Online NewsHour.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19535
The Bohemian, the Bolsheviks, and the Old Blues
September/October 2005 article about Yale University's acquisition of the papers of Louise Bryant, a journalist who covered the Russian Revolution while married to John Reed. Includes a brief overview of her life, and images of selected items from the collection (such as a poem Louise wrote to Eugene O'Neill, notes about a meeting with Lenin, an address book, and photos). From the Yale Alumni Magazine.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19552
Bush Picks Conservative Alito for High Court
Compilation of radio programs and related material about judge Samuel Alito, who was nominated by President George W. Bush in October 2005 to succeed Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. Includes "a look at some of Alito's rulings on key issues likely to come up in Senate confirmation hearings" and conservative and liberal reactions to his nomination. From National Public Radio (NPR).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19515
The Mild-Mannered Scalia: Samuel Alito Jr., 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
2003 profile of Judge Samuel Alito, who has been compared to Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, and who was nominated by President George W. Bush in October 2005 to take the seat of retiring Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. Includes a discussion of his rulings in selected cases during his 13-year (at the time) tenure on the federal appellate court. From Law.com.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19516
The Prince of Wales
"The official website of TRH The Prince of Wales [Charles] and The Duchess of Cornwall [Camilla], Prince William and Prince Harry." Features information about the charities, foundations, interests, and activities of these members of the British royalty. Includes information about the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall's official trip to New York, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco in November 2005. Also includes photos and the text of speeches.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19592
Overview of this 5-day Hindu holiday, called the "Festival of Lights," which celebrates the Hindu new year. Includes video clips for each day of the holiday and links to information about the traditions related to the celebration of Diwali and recipes for some Diwali foods. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) Asian Network.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19544
Diwali (Divali, Dewali, Deepavali)
A brief description of the Hindu Festival of Lights and its celebration over five days (Dhantrayodashi, Narakchaturdashi, Laxmipujan [New Moon Day], Bali Pratipada, and Bhaubij). On the western calendar, Divali usually takes place from late October to early November.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/9918
U.S. Census Bureau Facts for Features: Thanksgiving Day
Facts and statistics about turkeys, cranberries, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, holiday shopping, places named Plymouth, and more. Includes quotes and audio clips, and a brief history of the holiday.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/9230
The object of this puzzle (popular in Japan, and spreading through the UK and the U.S.) is "to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once." The website includes a daily puzzle, a puzzle archive (back to January 2005), a FAQ, a message board, and a daily puzzle for children. From the author of a sudoku puzzle book.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19550
Archive of sudoku puzzles, published six days a week, ranging from easy to difficult. Sudoku (a puzzle popular in Japan, and now gaining popularity in the U.K. and the U.S.) has one rule, "place the numbers from 1 to 9 in each row, in each column and each 3x3 box." From the Guardian Unlimited, the online companion to the British newspaper The Guardian.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19551
California Department of Education: Curriculum & Instruction
This site provides "information for improving student academic achievement of content standards by communicating policy and expectations and supporting districts by providing instructional guidance." It features content and curriculum standards for grades K-12, and access to materials by subject matter (such as foreign language, history-social science, and mathematics). Also includes news about adopted/rejected programs and related information.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19520
California School Directory
Information about California public schools, private schools, and school districts. Includes information for primary and secondary schools, adult education centers, community colleges, continuation high schools, and charter schools. Data for schools include Academic Performance Index (API), enrollment (by ethnicity, grade, and gender), physical fitness test results, and more. From the California Department of Education.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19519
Early Vision of Semple, Swett Realized in Broad, Firm Educational System
A brief early history of California public schools written in 1925 by William Christopher Wood, the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Includes information about Robert Semple, delegate in the first Constitutional Convention of California in 1849, John Swett, who became superintendent of public instruction in 1863, and descriptions of early schools in California, such as "the first school for American children in California" opened in 1846. From the Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19523
Historic Preservation [Thurston County]
This site contains documents related to historic preservation activities in Thurston County, Washington state (mostly in Olympia). Highlights include a map and descriptions of buildings in the Olympia Downtown Historic District and "City of Olympia Historic Preservation Assessment & Action Plan" (2005). From the Thurston Regional Planning Council.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19333
Mosquito Fleet Trail (MFT)
The "Mosquito Fleet" in the Puget Sound area of Washington state "consisted of individually owned and operated vessels of varying size that would keep a somewhat regular [ferry] service between the various waterfront communities." This site provides a brief history of the Mosquito Fleet and of the development of the MFT, "a 57-mile roadside hike and bike route along the shores of the Kitsap Peninsula" that will connect historic Mosquito Fleet docks. Includes a map. From Kitsap Country Public Works.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19473
At-a-Glance: Delhi Bombs
News about the three bombs that "exploded almost simultaneously in the Indian capital, Delhi, on Saturday [October 29, 2005], killing 62 people and injuring 210." Includes a map, photos, video clips, and links to related stories on topics such as who was behind the bombings. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19542
This site keeps abreast of the ever-changing complexion of the territorial dispute and rising tensions between India and Pakistan over Kashmir and the Line of Control. It includes analyses of war scenarios, US-Pakistan relationships, nuclear risks, the "forgotten plebiscite," background information on the origins of the dispute, and a timeline on the troubled relationships. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The news is also available in Hindu and Urdu.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/11356
Las Vegas: An Unconventional History
This Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) American Experience program "steps into the world of bright lights and back-room deals to illuminate what makes Las Vegas perhaps the most American city in the country." The website companion to the show includes features on the city's economy, casino architecture, atomic tourism, entertainers and other people involved in the city's history, a gallery of Las Vegas weddings, a timeline, teacher's guide, and more.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19541
Royal Air Force Bomber Command Famous Raids
This site provides a history of some of the famous raids undertaken by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) Bomber Command during World War II. Includes information about bombing raids on areas such as Dresden, Germany, and Gestapo Headquarters, Copenhagen, and on the German battleship Admiral von Tirpitz. Also includes photos. From the RAF.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19524
This site contains information about predicting and observing the new crescent moon. Calculate the last new crescent moon by entering your geographic location, and view a chart showing the visibility of the next new moon. Includes a place to enter and view results of observations of the new moon, and brief background information and a glossary. From the HM Nautical Almanac Office, England.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19543
Volcano Under the City
Companion website to a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Nova program that follows a team of scientists studying Mount Nyiragongo, a volcano in eastern Congo. Dangers include molten lava and gas vents that release carbon dioxide so that there is a danger of asphyxiation. Features an evaluation of forecasting volcano eruptions, an anatomy of a volcano, and an overview of "some of the worst volcanic disasters of the past 400 years." Includes a teacher's guide and related links.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19540
International Congress on Islamic Feminism
The website for this conference held in Barcelona, Spain, features resources on Islamic feminism, "a Koran-centered reform movement by Muslim women ... in pursuit of women's advancement and in refutation of Western stereotypes and Islamist orthodoxy alike." The "Participants" section provides links to articles and papers on Islamic feminism and profiles of some of the people and groups involved in the movement. In English, Spanish, and Catalan.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19517
Thanks for reading LII New This Week!
Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder