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LII New This Week
New This Week for November 23, 2005
This Week
We're publishing a day early due to the holiday. This week explore your inner child with toy sites, then get smart on kumquats, killer whales, lobotomies, Darwin, Johnny Cash, DNA, the Nuremberg Trials, and that perennial question, yams versus sweet potatoes. Happy Thanksgiving from the LII team: Karen, Wendy, Pat, Jennifer, Maria, Charlotte, and Tom.

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Arts and Humanities

A New America: The 1940s and the Arts
From January through June 2005, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Arts celebrated "the rich spectrum of music, dance, theater, film, and fashion produced by the many remarkable American artists who struggled, created, and triumphed during this turbulent and exhilarating era." This companion website features the "Learn More About the 40s" section with information about art, culture, and political events from the 1940s.
URL: http://www.kennedy-center.org/programs/festivals/04-05/forties/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19814

Business

Delocator
A site "to assist the public in finding and supporting independently owned cafes." Search by ZIP code for listings and reviews "of both independently owned cafes and Starbucks retail stores." Note: Items are listed by ZIP code rather than proximity, and some locations may be outside of the stated five-mile radius. From the group Finishing School; original installation was at the San Francisco Art Institute.
URL: http://www.delocator.net
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19372

Export.gov: Toys, Dolls and Games
Statistics on U.S. toy imports and exports back to 1992. Also include SIC (U.S. Standard Industrial Classification) tables and links to industry associations and publications, Census Bureau reports (including monthly retail sales), and other related material. From the U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration (ITA).
URL: http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/ocg/toys.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19798

LooksTooGoodToBeTrue.com
This website contains background information and alerts about Internet scams and fraud, covering topics such as identity theft, hacking, phishing, spam, spyware, job scams, Ponzi and pyramid schemes, online auctions, sweepstakes and lotteries, and counterfeit payments. Includes a FAQ, victims' stories, a fraud risk test, and links to places to file a complaint about online fraud. A joint project of federal law enforcement agencies and industry partners.
URL: http://www.lookstoogoodtobetrue.com
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19787

Computers

VOIP and 911 Services
This federal government website provides information related to the rules adopted by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) "requiring providers of interconnected VoIP [Voice Over Internet Protocol] services to supply 911 emergency calling capabilities to their customers as a mandatory feature of the service by November 28, 2005." Includes consumer and industry information about VoIP ("a technology that allows you to make telephone calls using a broadband Internet connection") and VoIP and 911 emergency services.
URL: http://www.voip911.gov/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19765

World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)
Official website for this United Nations (UN) summit, which was held in two phases (December 2003 and November 2005) and which focused on the digital divide and issues related to Internet access and other information technology in different parts of the world. Includes resolutions, reports, media backgrounders, and other documents on summit topics. Website available in English, French, and Spanish; some documents available in additional languages.
URL: http://www.itu.int/wsis/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19766

Government

Monaco's Albert Ascends to Throne
Article from November 2005 about how "Prince Albert II has been enthroned in the tiny principality of Monaco, ending a process that began when he was sworn in before his subjects in July." Albert is the son of Prince Rainier III and Hollywood actress Grace Kelly. Includes photos, a video clip, and links to related stories. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4451622.stm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19796

Social Security Debate
A collection of stories about government ideas during the second George W. Bush administration for reforming the Social Security program, including a plan for "putting the current Social Security surplus into individual accounts." These audio files of radio programs include stories about the history of Social Security and the impact of living longer, as well as a summary of the three main proposals to privatize Social Security. From National Public Radio (NPR).
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/topics/topic.php?topicId=1083
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19811

Health

AIDS Epidemic Update: Special Report on HIV Prevention
December 2005 report from the United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) that finds "HIV infection rates decreasing in several countries but global number of people living with HIV continues to rise." The full report (also available in French, Russian, and Spanish) includes information about HIV prevention methods and data about HIV/AIDS for specific regions. Also provides related speeches and press releases.
URL: http://www.unaids.org/epi/2005/doc/EPIupdate2005_html_en/epi05_00_en.h...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19812

'My Lobotomy': Howard Dully's Journey
This feature looks at lobotomies--brain surgeries that were used to treat certain types of mental illness--and some of the people who received the treatments (such as 12-year-old Howard Dully). Includes a FAQ discussing prefrontal and transorbital ("ice-pick") lobotomies, a timeline, oral histories from patients and witnesses, images, audio of the program, and links to related resources. From National Public Radio (NPR); produced by Sound Portraits Productions.
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5014080
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19756

Tips on Toys
Ideas for choosing safe toys for children, organized by age group. Provides lists of safe and dangerous types of toys. Mentions concerns such as sharp edges, small parts that could be swallowed, electrical toys, shooting toys, and items with lead. From the Virginia Cooperative Extension.
URL: http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/family/350-063/350-063.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19795

Home & Housing

Clean It: Safer House-Cleaning Methods That Really Work!
This guide provides less toxic methods for household cleaning than the use of cleaning products that are hazardous to the health and to the sewer system (and possibly water life). Includes general cleaning guidelines, items not recommended for garbage disposals, and specific ideas for cleaners, ovens, drains, bathrooms, furniture, and metal polishes. From the San Francisco Bay Area Pollution Prevention Group. Opens directly into a PDF file.
URL: http://sfwater.org/Files/News/CleanItGuide%202003%20rev%20PUC%20logo%2...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19813

Kumquat Recipes
Small collection of recipes using this citrus fruit, including cakes, cookies, pies, puddings, cheesecake, glazes, marmalade, relish, and even a kumquat martini. From a kumquat grower.
URL: http://kumquatgrowers.com/recipes.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19779

What Is the Difference Between a Sweet Potato and a Yam?
The reference sheet features a handy chart showing the differences between sweet potatoes and yams, and presents preparation instructions for baking, boiling, steaming, microwaving, and frying sweet potatoes. Also includes recipes for candied sweet potatoes, sweet potato butter, and sweet potato pecan pie. From PLANTanswers, a service of the Texas Cooperative Extension.
URL: http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/plantanswers/vegetables/sweetpotato...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/5865

Law

The Avalon Project at Yale Law School: The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials
A collection of documents relating to the charges against Nazi organizations and individuals, brought before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) in October 1945, following the end of World War II. Includes documents such as the indictment, testimony of witnesses, the charter of the IMT, the Nuremberg code, documents cited in the record, and reports. From the Lillian Goldman Law Library in Memory of Sol Goldman at Yale Law School.
URL: http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/imt.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19791

A Look Back at Nuremberg
A history of the Nuremberg Trials, which began in October, 1945. 24 Nazis and 6 Nazi organizations were tried for "the systematic murder of millions of people" and other war crimes. The site includes an introduction to the indictments and defendants, the creation of the tribunal, and selected transcripts from the trials. From Court TV.
URL: http://www.courttv.com/archive/casefiles/nuremberg/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19790

People

Darwin
The website for a 2005-2006 American Museum of Natural History exhibit about evolutionary biologist Charles Darwin. It features essays about Darwin's life as a naturalist and his theories about evolution and natural selection, images, video and audio clips, and a webcam of the Galapagos tortoise exhibit at the museum. Also includes an educator's guide and links to related websites.
URL: http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/darwin/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19769

Inside Johnny Cash's Folsom Prison
Radio program about country music singer Johnny Cash's 1968 concert at Folsom Prison, California. Features sound clips from the performance, both from the official album and from a reporter's recordings. Also includes links to related stories about Cash, including an obituary (2003) and a review of the 2005 film "Walk the Line." From National Public Radio (NPR).
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5018930
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19767

Ready Reference & Quick Facts

Tips for a Stress-free Thanksgiving
"While Thanksgiving is a happy time, full of family, relaxation and reflection, it can also induce stress." This article provides suggestions from Dr. Joyce Brothers about "how families and individuals can best go about keeping their Thanksgiving as stress-free as possible." Ideas include not "fall[ing] back into the parent child roles," "describ[ing] what you're grateful for," and forgiving others. Includes a brief video. From MSNBC.
URL: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10072601/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19816

The Year We Had Two Thanksgivings
"At the beginning of Franklin Roosevelt's presidency, Thanksgiving was not a fixed holiday; it was up to the President to issue a Thanksgiving Proclamation." This essay describes opposition to Roosevelt's selection of the third Thursday in November (rather than the traditional fourth) in 1939, and the subsequent 1941 law designating the Thanksgiving holiday for the fourth Thursday in November. Includes images of related documents. From the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum.
URL: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/thanksg.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19815

Recreation

History of Toys and Games
This exhibit on toy and game history features a timeline (4000 B.C. to the 1990s), essays on inventors (such as Parker Brothers and Milton Bradley) and toys (Barbie dolls, crayons, and teddy bears), and a quiz. From the website for the History Channel.
URL: http://www.history.com/minisites/toys/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19799

Laura Hayes and John Howard Wileman Exhibit of Optical Toys
Small exhibit of pre-20th century optical toys and illusionary devices from the collection of the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics. Includes images and descriptions of the stereoscope, magic lanterns, chromatope, phenakistoscope ("spindle viewer"), peep egg viewer, poly-o-rama panoptique, and other toys.
URL: http://courses.ncssm.edu/gallery/collections/toys/opticaltoys.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19803

Let's Play: A Guide to Toys for Children With Special Needs
Descriptions of toys appropriate for children with physical impairments, hearing impairments, blindness and low vision, and developmental disabilities. Lists dolls, stuffed toys, games, puzzles, educational toys, and more. "Toys in this Guide were tested by more than 100 children with a variety of special needs at 10 centers across the country." From the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB).
URL: http://www.afb.org/Section.asp?SectionID=60
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19807

Nebraska Toy Stories
Website companion to an exhibit at the Museum of Nebraska History that "showcased a selection of toys dating from the 1860s through the 1960s grouped by theme." Provides images of some of the exhibit items, such as building blocks, marbles, tin planes and cars, dolls and dollhouses, and rocking horses. From the Nebraska State Historical Society.
URL: http://www.nebraskahistory.org/sites/mnh/toystory.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19802

Sudoku for Kids
The object of sudoku "is to fill in the digits from 1 to 9 so that it appears only once in each column, row, and small three by three square." This site for children provides a booklet "How To Do Sudoku Puzzles" (written for children, but also useful for adult beginners), printable sample puzzles in varying levels of difficulty, a weekly (free) email subscription, and related material. Note: Includes some commercial content.
URL: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/sudoku_for_kids.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19778

Regional: California

California Town Still Scarred by 1964 Tsunami
Article and radio program about how a 1964 tsunami struck Crescent City, California, "a small lumber and fishing town of about 3,000 residents just south of the Oregon border." The tsunami was triggered by the earthquake that struck Anchorage, Alaska. Includes a discussion of how "the crescent shaped harbor that juts into Pacific Ocean is a magnet for tsunami, and that more will come," as well as images and links to related stories. From National Public Radio (NPR).
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5007860&ft=1&f=10...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19801

Master Plan for Higher Education in California
"The Academic Initiatives Department coordinates University of California responses related to reviews of the Master Plan for Higher Education in California as well as other major studies of California higher education." The site features "the major documents of relevance to the 1960 Master Plan and subsequent reviews of that plan. ... We are also including links and documents related to the 1999-2004 legislative effort to develop a new Master Plan for Education, Kindergarten through University."
URL: http://www.ucop.edu/acadinit/mastplan/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19805

University of California: California Residency Information
Information about the residency requirements to qualify for in-state tuition fees while attending the University of California. Includes links to information for individual campuses.
URL: http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/admissions/undergrad_adm/ca_resi...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19804

Regional: Washington State

Fisheries Agency Lists Puget Sound Killer Whales as Endangered
November 2005 announcement by the NOAA Fisheries Service that a "group of killer whales that visits Washington state's Puget Sound every summer has been listed as an endangered species under the federal Endangered Species Act." Includes links to more detailed information about the killer whales (orcas), which are officially known as Southern Resident killer whales. From the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
URL: http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2005/s2533.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19748

Regions of the World

Ancient Maps of Jerusalem
"The site contains maps [and views] of Jerusalem, and basic information concerning the map-makers and the history of cartography in Jerusalem" during the Byzantine, early Islamic, Crusader, and other historical periods. Includes dozens of zoomable maps from the 13th through mid-20th centuries. From the Jewish National and University Library and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Note: detailed views may not be available in all browsers.
URL: http://maps-of-jerusalem.huji.ac.il
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19752

Guide to Egypt's Election
Basic information about Egypt's November and December 2005 parliamentary election. Includes information about procedure, timing, and candidates and parties and groups (such as the ruling National Democratic Party, the National Front for Change, and the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood's list of over 150 independent candidates). Also includes links to related articles. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4417150.stm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19784

In Depth: Changing China
Collection of news stories and background information about China, covering topics such as social issues, business and economy, and politics. Some stories offer British viewpoints on U.S.-China relations (including about the George W. Bush visit to China in November 2005). Includes photos, graphics, and video and audio clips. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/asia_pacific/2004/china/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19793

Science

Can Animals Predict Disaster?
This Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Nature program "explores a variety of science-based explanations for unusual animal behavior observed prior to natural disasters." The website features eyewitness accounts of unusual animal behavior, essays and video clips on infrasound ("any sound pitched below 20 hertz to as low as 2 hertz") scientist views, and a list of related websites and reading.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/episodes/can-animals-predict-disaster/i...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19755

Katrina's Animal Rescue
This program looks at animal rescue efforts in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina. The website provides photos from the rescue efforts, profiles of some of the rescuers, an "ask-a-rescuer" feature, information about psychological and physical effects on animals, suggestions for ways to help the rescued pets, and related resources. From Nature, a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) program.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/katrina/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19669

Linus Pauling and the Race for DNA
This site explores one of the greatest scientific achievements of the twentieth century: the legendary race for the discovery of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, the basic foundation of life. Features over 800 scanned manuscripts, letters, communications, photographs, audio clips, video excerpts, and rare documents never previously displayed. Includes a chronological illustrated narrative written from Linus Pauling's perspective. From the Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers, Valley Library, Oregon State University.
URL: http://osulibrary.orst.edu/specialcollections/coll/pauling/dna/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/8791

Radiation, Transport & Waste Safety
Information from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) about the international standards for the handling of and exposure to nuclear material. Topics include decommissioning nuclear facilities and environmental remediation, monitoring discharge, exposure to natural radiation, occupational protection, protection of patients, and transportation safety. Includes links to related documents, such as "Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material."
URL: http://www-ns.iaea.org/home/rtws.asp
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19792

Society & Social Science

American Women Through Time
This site provides a chronology of women's history in the United States with links to relevant websites for each period, "followed by a guide to research sources (e.g., census, newspapers, secondary sources) that are appropriate for the specified time period." Also includes links to sites about notable women, states, and specific topics. From librarian Ken Middleton of Middle Tennessee State University.
URL: http://frank.mtsu.edu/~kmiddlet/history/women/wh-timeline.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19744

Innocence Project
This nonprofit legal clinic "only handles cases where postconviction DNA testing of evidence can yield conclusive proof of innocence." The site has information on cases and causes of wrongful convictions, legislative trends, and DNA testing. Related links are listed and the site is searchable. From the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in New York.
URL: http://www.innocenceproject.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/9281

Teaching Gutenberg
This site explores two topics related to the Gutenberg Bible at the University of Texas. The "Invention" section explores Johann Gutenberg's creation of the first book printed with movable type, and "Books Before and After Gutenberg" considers the development of written materials from clay tablets to facts about modern printing. Includes images, lesson plans, and a glossary. From the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin.
URL: http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/educator/modules/gutenberg/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19781


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder