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LII New This Week
New This Week for December 8, 2005
This Week
This week read up on retirement, medical ethics, snowshoeing, cars, new trends in library service, very old libraries, minding your p's and q's during the holidays, roasting chestnuts (open fire not required), safety tips for holiday lights, the Elwha River, and Californa's Sno-Parks. Bon appetit from Karen, Wendy, Maria, Jennifer, Pat, Charlotte, and Tom.

Tip of the Week
It's not too early to begin building web pages, pathfinders, and other information resources for Black History Month (February). See LII's collection for high-quality websites across a broad spectrum of topics from the Amistad to Buffalo Soldiers and beyond.
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Business

AARP: Retirement
Research reports, opinion pieces, and other materials on retirement policy issues. Topics include early retirement, the aging workforce, phased retirement, retirement age changes, retirement and the "baby boomer" generation, and other subjects. From AARP.
URL: http://www.aarp.org/research/work/retirement/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19945

National Retail Federation: Annual Holiday Sales Information
Information about retail shopping activity in the U.S. during the winter holiday season. Information before and after the holidays variously includes spending projections, shopping on the Friday and Monday after Thanksgiving ("Black Friday" and "Cyber Monday"), online shopping, and consumer surveys. Also includes a report with "recent and historical data on holiday trends, including sales data, holiday hiring, and shoplifting." From a trade association whose membership "comprises all retail formats."
URL: http://www.nrf.com/modules.php?name=News&id=615
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/6588

Report: Online Activities & Pursuits: About 25 Million People Have Used the Internet to Sell Something
November 2005 report about how "some 17% of online American adults have used the internet to sell things." Includes an overview of the report and a link to the full report with information about use of classified advertising sites and online auctions. From the Pew Internet & American Life Project.
URL: http://www.pewinternet.org/PPF/r/169/report_display.asp
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19942

Social Security Online: Retirement Planner
This site provides calculators, charts, and other information for determining Social Security retirement benefits. The "Near Retirement" section addresses full retirement age, delayed retirement, "break even" points, and related topics. Some information also in Spanish. From the Social Security Administration (SSA).
URL: http://www.ssa.gov/retire2/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19944

Trends in Retirement Age in Four Countries, 1965-95
This report looks at retirement age trends in the United States, Germany, Japan, and Sweden, which "all experienced a decline in the average age at which their workers retire and an increase in the duration of retirement" during 1965-1995. Includes statistical data comparing all four countries. From the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Opens into a PDF document.
URL: http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1998/08/art2full.pdf
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19948

Health

December is National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month
Fact sheet on this month declared by presidential proclamation to prevent impaired driving, which "will affect one in three Americans during their lifetime." Includes statistics, a fact sheet on impaired driving, and links to the White House press release and to U.S. Department of Transportation information about the month. From the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/duip/spotlite/3d.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19918

Peanut Allergy Diet
List of food ingredients that can cause reactions for people who are allergic to peanuts. Also lists ingredients that "may indicate the presence of peanut protein" and other foods that may contain peanuts. From the Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford.
URL: http://www.lpch.org/DiseaseHealthInfo/HealthLibrary/allergy/peanut.htm...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19922

Trouble in Toyland
This annual survey of toy safety "provides safety guidelines for parents when purchasing toys for small children and provides examples of toys currently on store shelves that may pose potential safety hazards." Discusses choking and strangulation hazards, toys that could cause hearing loss, and toys that could expose children to hazardous chemicals. Includes photos illustrating potentially hazardous toys and information about online toy retailers. From the National Association of State PIRGs.
URL: http://toysafety.net/toysafety.asp?id2=20594
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/8578

Virtual Mentor: American Medical Association Journal of Ethics
Articles from this American Medical Association (AMA) publication cover issues related to medical ethics that "students, residents and other physicians are likely to confront in their training and daily practice." Topics include "access to care, quality-of-life considerations in clinical decision making, public roles of physicians, ethical issues in endocrinology, [and] conflict of values in the clinic." Archives go back to 1999.
URL: http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19958

Home & Housing

Holiday Lighting
List of safety tips for using holiday lighting, accompanied by photos illustrating safe use of lights, cords, outlets, timers, and candles. Also available in Spanish. From a Southern California utility. Note: may not display properly in all browsers.
URL: http://www.sce.com/Safety/indoor/holiday.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19964

Nuts Fact Sheets: Chestnuts
Collection of essays about growing chestnut trees in the U.S. Includes essays on a history of the introduction of foreign chestnut trees to the U.S. mainly in the 19th century, how to distinguish American chestnut trees from other chestnuts within the original native range, the spread of the chestnut blight fungus in the early 20th century, and growing chestnuts from seeds. From the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.
URL: http://www.ct.gov/caes/cwp/view.asp?a=2826&q=378168
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19885

Roast Chestnuts
Simple recipe for this wintertime treat, which is typically sold on the street. Also includes links to other recipes featuring chestnuts, such as marrons glacés, flambéed brandy chestnuts, and chestnut, leek, and mushroom tartlets. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/recipes/database/roastchestnuts_68084.shtml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19884

What Matters to You This Holiday Season?
This site concentrates on ways to focus on the true meaning of the holidays, providing ideas for preventing excessive consumerism, saving money, and selecting environmentally responsible holiday gifts. Includes gift ideas, holiday statistics, and ideas for planning an alternative gift fair. From the Center for the New American Dream, an organization devoted to responsible consumerism.
URL: http://www.newdream.org/holiday/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/7514

Yard & Garden Brief: Chestnuts, Horse Chestnuts, and Ohio Buckeyes
Plant identification information to distinguish American chestnut trees (which produce edible chestnuts) from horse chestnuts and Ohio buckeye trees (which produce non-edible seeds). Includes illustrations and descriptions of leaves, buds, and seeds. From the University of Minnesota Extension Service.
URL: http://www.extension.umn.edu/projects/yardandgarden/ygbriefs/h401chest...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19889

Media

People

Mel Torme
Obituary for singer Mel Torme (nicknamed "The Velvet Fog"), who died in 1999. The article provides an overview of his career that "traced a classic mid-century show-biz trajectory, complete with vaguely vaudevillian beginnings, success as a child actor, parts on radio plays and in movie musicals." He also wrote "hundreds [of songs] over the course of his career, including the classic 'The Christmas Song' ('Chestnuts roasting on an open fire ...')." From Salon.com.
URL: http://www.salon.com/people/obit/1999/06/12/torme/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19887

Profiles in Science: The Albert Szent-Gyorgyi Papers
Biography of "Albert Imre Szent-Gyorgyi (1893-1986), a Hungarian-born biochemist, [who] was the first to isolate vitamin C, and ... [whose] research on biological oxidation provided the basis for Krebs' citric acid cycle. ... His later career was devoted to research in 'submolecular' biology. ... He was especially interested in cancer, and was one of the first to explore the connections between free radicals and cancer." Includes documents and photos. From the National Library of Medicine.
URL: http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/WG/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19917

William Paley (1743-1805)
Brief essay on this religious writer known as a creationist. He is best known for his "exposition of natural theology, the belief that the nature of God could be understood by reference to His creation, the natural world. He introduced one of the most famous metaphors in the philosophy of science, the image of the watchmaker, "to show that life on earth requires an "intelligent designer." From the University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley.
URL: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/paley.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19936

Ready Reference & Quick Facts

Kwanzaa
Basic information about Kwanzaa, "a non-religious African American holiday which celebrates family, community, and culture. It is celebrated for seven days: December 26-January 1." Describes the "seven principles" (such as unity, creativity, and purpose) and the "seven symbols" (including the ear of corn and the seven candles). From the website for the History Channel.
URL: http://www.history.com/minisites/kwanzaa/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19904

Security Checkpoint Wait Times
This website contains historical security check wait-time information for U.S. airports. The form generates wait times for specific airports by day of the week and time of day. Results show the average times for the past month for each terminal in the airports. From the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
URL: http://waittime.tsa.dhs.gov
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19923

Recreation

Football: Official College Bowl Websites
This site provides "a collection of links to the official websites of all the college bowl games," which are played in December and January. Includes sites for the Rose Bowl, Orange Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, Sun Bowl, and more. An About.com site.
URL: http://football.about.com/od/officialbowlsites/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19960

Snowshoe Magazine
The website for this publication contains information about recreational snowshoeing and snowshoe racing. The "First-Timer's Guide" discusses snowshoes, other gear, and where to snowshoe. The site also includes selected articles about snowshoeing topics, an events calendar, and photos.
URL: http://www.snowshoemag.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19970

Regional: California

California State Parks: Sno-Parks
"The California Department of Parks and Recreation operates 21 Sno-Park sites that provide snow-cleared parking lots with sanitation facilities and access to snow play areas, cross-country ski and snowmobile trails." This site provides general information about the Sno-Parks, information about purchasing Sno-Park permits, and a map and list of Sno-Park locations. "Related Links" includes detailed maps of the individual Sno-Park sites.
URL: http://ohv.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=1233
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19951

Chouinard: A Living Legacy
"It would be difficult to find a more powerful influence on the development of Southern California's reputation as a center of 20th Century American art than Mrs. Nelbert Chouinard, ... guiding light of Chouinard Art Institute from 1921-1972." Features images of items (mouse-over for attributions) by artists who attended the school and who "embody our history from plein air impressionism to post-surrealism, from Abstract Expressionism to 'Light and Space.'" From the Oceanside (California) Museum of Art.
URL: http://www.oma-online.org/chouinard.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19962

Snow Report
Collection of news articles, features, and other information about skiing areas and snow sports in California. The focus is the Lake Tahoe area, but the site also includes some reports and information for other northern and southern California snow areas. From SFGate.com, the website for the San Francisco Chronicle.
URL: http://www.sfgate.com/sports/skiing/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19954

Regional: Washington State

Elwha River Restoration
"In 2009, the most significant river restoration effort of our time will begin on Washington's Elwha River. Two large dams will be dismantled to restore the river's once-legendary salmon runs, and to revive an entire ecosystem." Provides background material; maps; photos; "3-D photo-realistic visualizations that depict the Elwha valley before, during, and after dam removal"; and other resources about the river and the project. From the nonprofit organization American Rivers.
URL: http://www.americanrivers.org/site/PageServer?pagename=AMR_elwharestor...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19901

Healthy Forests Pacific Northwest
Discusses efforts to reduce the risks of wildfire by "treating hazardous fuels in the national forests." Outlines strategies to be used in Oregon and Washington state, such as thinning, pruning, debris removal, and prescribed fire. Describes area ecosystems and the current fire situation. Includes a map of projects, virtual tours of burn areas, action plans, and other material on hazardous fuels. From the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service.
URL: http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/colville/hfi/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19822

Regions of the World

Hampshire, the Inspirational Home of Jane Austen
Tourism information about locations associated with the life and works of 19th-century author Jane Austen. "It was in Hampshire that Jane Austen found inspiration to write such classics as 'Pride & Prejudice,' 'Emma,' 'Mansfield Park' and 'Sense & Sensibility.'" Includes information about places to visit, such as Chawton House ("where Jane wrote and revised her major novels"), events, and more. From the Hampshire County Council.
URL: http://www3.hants.gov.uk/austen/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19837

Papal Visit to Israel -- The Holy Land: Sites
Information about the Israeli sites visited by Pope John Paul II in 2000. Includes images, maps, and background about Capernaum, Tabgha ("the traditional site of the Multiplication of the Loaves and the Fishes"), Nazareth, Jerusalem, and Bethlehem. Available in several languages. From the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
URL: http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFAArchive/2000_2009/2000/3/Capernaum.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19952

Science

The American Chestnut Foundation (TACF)
"Until 1904 there were an estimated 4 billion American chestnut trees in eastern forests. Then the deadly fungus struck. The tree virtually disappeared from the American landscape." The goal of this organization "is to restore the American chestnut tree to its native forests through a scientific research and breeding program." The site features history, information about TACF programs, tree identification images, journal articles (most recent issue requires membership), and more.
URL: http://www.acf.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19883

History of Cars Timeline
A brief timeline of the invention of small engines and cars from 1769 to 1997. Includes information about a steam-powered vehicle built in 1769, the invention of the four-stroke and two-stroke engines in 1876, the formation of the Ford Motor Company in 1903, and the impact of the energy crisis of 1973. Also includes links to other materials about cars and car design. From the Discovery Channel, U.K.
URL: http://www.discoverychannel.co.uk/cars/timeline/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19969

Society & Social Science

Bibliotheca Alexandrina
Official site of this library (and related cultural institutions) in Alexandria, Egypt, that has a goal of being "a center of excellence in the production and dissemination of knowledge and to be a place of dialogue, learning and understanding between cultures and peoples." The site features information about collections and programs for the library, planetarium, antiquities museum, art centers, and more. Also available in Arabic, French, and Japanese.
URL: http://www.bibalex.org/English/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19916

Do Libraries Matter? The Rise of Library 2.0
November 2005 white paper about "Library 2.0 ... a concept of a very different library service that operates according to the expectations of today's library users. In this vision, the library makes information available wherever and whenever the user requires it," often through online applications. From a "provider of products and services for public and academic libraries in the UK and Ireland." Opens directly into a PDF document.
URL: http://www.talis.com/applications/downloads/white_papers/DoLibrariesMa...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19946

Do Libraries Matter: On Library & Librarian 2.0
November 2005 blog entry on the American Library Association (ALA) TechSource site relating to a white paper about "Library 2.0," which proposes "improving library services for the future via social software and some forward-thinking about library users." This entry discusses topics such as "the library has no barriers," "the library invites participation," and "the library uses flexible, best-of-breed systems." Includes links to related postings and materials.
URL: http://www.techsource.ala.org/blog/2005/11/do-libraries-matter-on-libr...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19947

Face to Face: The Science of Reading Faces
Transcript of a 2004 interview with psychologist Paul Ekman, who is known for his research on facial expression and the development, with associates, of the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). Includes a few facial expression photos. Part of the "Conversations with History" series at the Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley.
URL: http://globetrotter.berkeley.edu/people4/Ekman/ekman-con0.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19959

Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources
A 290-page report about perceptions of libraries, based on extensive research conducted by OCLC in the summer of 2005. "The findings indicate that information consumers view libraries as places to borrow print books, but they are unaware of the rich electronic content they can access through libraries." Discusses the possible datedness of the library brand and provides public comments. The report is downloadable for free in whole or in part (a bound paper version is available for purchase).
URL: http://www.oclc.org/reports/2005perceptions.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19977

A Public Trust at Risk: The Heritage Health Index Report on the State of America's Collections
The report from a survey in December 2005 that concluded "immediate action is needed to prevent the loss of millions of irreplaceable artifacts" in libraries and museums. Areas of concern included permanent damage to items, lack of emergency planning, and conservation staffing. Also includes links to related information. From the Heritage Preservation and the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
URL: http://www.heritagepreservation.org/HHI/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19963


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder