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In January 2010, the LII Newsletter was renamed
"The Link: The Official Newsletter of the ipl2" and
was published on the ipl2 WordPress Blog.
Links listed within these archived pages are not maintained.
Usher in the New Year with a bounty of browsalicious websites about plastics, forensics, biometrics, Gen X, Shakers, Styrofoam, floods, African art, polymers, Lebanon, coal mining, and everything family. Then hobnob with Grant Wood, Patrick Henry, and the Decembrists. Bon appetit from the LII team: Karen, Wendy, Pat, Jennifer, Maria, Charlotte, and Tom.
Tip of the Week
LII has over a dozen featured collections on topics such as Black History Month, Women's History Month, tax time, and more. Some of our earlier collections, such as The Grapes of Web, created for a 2002 California reading project, stand up well as resources for research in California-rich topics.
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The Guild of Silk Painters
The website for this organization for silk painting artists features a large gallery with examples of paintings created on silk fabric, tips and techniques (in the "Workshop" section), and an archive of selected articles from the group's publication. Also includes a list of silk painting books (some with reviews) and highlights from past exhibitions and events.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20058
Small Change: Bonded Child Labor in India's Silk Industry
This 2003 report discusses human rights concerns with children working as bonded laborers ("bound to their employers in exchange for a loan") in the silk industry in India. It provides background on the India's silk industry (including sari weaving) and the conditions under which children work in the industry, and recommendations for changes and improvements. From Human Rights Watch, an organization that investigates and challenges human rights violations.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20057
Underground Coal Mining
Brief, illustrated descriptions of types of coal mines and mining techniques. Covers room and pillar mining, longwall mining, and surface mining. From the United Mine Workers of America labor union.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/14578
Vegan Society: Silk Worm
This site describes commercial silk production, with a focus on the silkworms that are killed in the process. Discusses types of silk, and typical silk production in Thailand, China, and Japan. From an organization that promotes vegan lifestyles and seeks to exclude "all forms of exploitation of animals for food, clothing or any other purpose."
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20059
Fingerprint Identification: An Overview
Information about the use of fingerprint identification in criminal justice applications. "Taking Legible Fingerprints" discusses fingerprint pattern and impression types, fingerprinting equipment, steps for fingerprinting, and special situations (such as amputations and bandaged fingers). Also includes a fingerprinting overview and material about the FBI's fingerprint training program. From the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Criminal Justice Information Services Division (CJIS).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20225
The President's DNA Initiative
Find details about U.S. government activities promoting the use of DNA evidence in the criminal justice system. Includes links to publications (mostly from government organizations) on DNA topics of interest to the general public, forensic scientists, law enforcement and medical personnel, and crime victims and victim advocates. Also includes links to news and to information about the origins of the initiative. From the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20255
The Autopsy, Medicine, and Mortality Statistics
This 2001 report documents "the value of autopsy in health care and health statistics and provides educational information about complete cause-of-death statements." Part of the Vital and Health Statistics series from the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; originally from a series of articles from the Autopsy Committee of the College of American Pathologists. Opens directly into a PDF file.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20259
National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research
This research center at the University of North Carolina "collects and disseminates death and permanent disability sports injury data that involve brain and/or spinal cord injuries." The center's website features annual reports and data on catastrophic sports injuries, with an emphasis on football injuries. The center's general annual report includes a "Special Section on Cheerleading" with samples of cheerleading injuries.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20030
Plastics and the Microwave
This brief article discusses consumer concerns about the safety of using plastics in microwave ovens. Topics include plastics regulated by the FDA, diethylhexyl adipate (DEHA, a chemical added to plastic to make it flexible), use of microwave-safe plastic wrap, and using plastics for their intended purpose. From the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20237
U.S. Department of Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)
This U.S. government website contains background information about mine safety and health concerns, news, pages for special initiatives (such as asbestos and hearing loss), data on mining accidents and fatalities, reports on specific mine accidents, mine rescue resources, health and safety alerts, and other information on coal, metal, and nonmetal mining. Also includes information for children.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20266
AARP: Reverse Mortgages
This site dedicated to providing information about reverse mortgages includes a reverse mortgage calculator, basic information about reverse mortgages, alternatives to reverse mortgages, the booklet "Home Made Money: A Consumers Guide to Reverse Mortgages," and more. From AARP.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20053
Reverse Mortgages: Is One Right For You?
"This  booklet outlines some of the things you should think about before applying for a Reverse Mortgage." Explains how reverse mortgages work, outlines advantages and disadvantages, warns against scams, and discusses alternatives to drawing down the equity of a home to supplement income. Opens directly into a PDF file. From the California Department of Real Estate.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20043
A Short History of Manufactured Fibers
Overview of the development of synthetic fibers from the "first patent for 'artificial silk' [that] was granted in ... 1855," to the 1992 introduction of lyocell. Highlights include the development of rayon, nylon, and polyester. Also includes a brief discussion of safety (flammability) and energy issues. (By 1973, "the industry was using but 1% of the Nation's petroleum supply to provide two-thirds of all fibers used by American textile mills.") Includes a timeline. From the American Fiber Manufacturers Association.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20071
Criminal Law: Proving Guilt or Innocence
Series of brief articles on topics related to proving guilt or innocence in criminal trials. Topics include lie detector (polygraph) tests, fingerprint evidence, DNA evidence, the defendant's mental condition, common defenses to criminal charges, and accomplices, accessories, aiders, and abettors. From Nolo, the publisher of a series of self-help law books.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20254
FBI History: Famous Cases
Information about bank robberies, gangsters, kidnappings, espionage, and other famous Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) cases. Covers people (such as Al Capone, Bonnie and Clyde, and John Dillinger) and specific cases (such as the Brinks robbery, Charles Ross kidnapping, Lindbergh kidnapping, and the "Atom Spy" case). From the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20229
Background information and articles about the 1932 "kidnapping and murder of the son of world-famous aviator Charles Lindbergh and the subsequent trial." Features a trial timeline, biographies, news articles, photos, a serial cartoon strip that retold the story of the crime, and other information about the Lindbergh case. From the Hunterdon County Democrat, a newspaper covering the New Jersey county where the Lindbergh trial took place in 1935. Registration (free) required.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20230
Cedar Rapids Museum of Art: Grant Wood (1891-1942)
Brief biographical information about this early to mid-20th century American regional artist, known for his depictions of the Midwestern landscape, and best known for his painting "American Gothic." Includes images of selected paintings from 1919-1941. (Does not include image of "American Gothic.") From the Cedar Rapids Museum of Art, Iowa.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20241
Brief biography of American patriot Patrick Henry. Includes the text and an audio dramatization of his 1775 speech ("Give me liberty or give me death"), and an audio of an interview that addresses "the intensity and passionate character of Patrick Henry." Also find links to related information on topics such as politics in colonial Virginia. From the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20240
Resin Identification Codes: Plastic Recycling Codes
This chart lists the recycling codes (1-7) found on plastics, with descriptions, and information about properties, packaging applications, and recycled products. Includes information for polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE), high density polyethylene (HDPE), vinyl (polyvinyl chloride or PVC), low density polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP), and polystyrene (PS). From the American Plastics Council, an industry group.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20242
Styrofoam Brand Products: Crafts
Dozens of projects using Styrofoam balls, sheets, and other foam products. Includes home decorations, centerpieces and wreaths, projects for specific holidays and special occasions, "cuddly critters," classroom projects, and more. Provides general tips for using Styrofoam, the brand name for extruded polystyrene foam products. From Dow Chemical Company, the manufacturer of Styrofoam.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20249
California Department of Water Resources Flood Management: Floodplain Management
Collection of materials relating to California's floodplain management program, flood insurance, and flood recovery. Also includes links to federal material relevant to California, such as Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) flood mapping services. Also includes information about California's floodplain mapping program, a report providing "seven recommendations and three proposed actions to strengthen California's floodplain management program," and related information.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20231
California Statewide Fingerprint Imaging System (SFIS)
Find details about this California system that "applies state-of-the-art fingerprint imaging technology to eliminate duplicate aid in the State's public assistance programs." The site features basic information about fingerprinting technology (including images of fingerprint pattern types), reasons why California uses fingerprinting in its welfare program (such as eliminating "double-dipper" fraud), and related information.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20224
California: Plastics Information and Resources
Details about plastics waste management in California, covering plastics recycling, plastic trash bags, and rigid plastic packaging containers. Includes information about regulations, a database of recycled-content products, a fact sheet on recycled plastic lumber, a directory of plastic recyclers in the state, and material for businesses. From the California Integrated Waste Management Board.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20233
Natural History of Fire & Flood Cycles
This essay discusses the relationship between forest fires and mountain flooding caused by heavy rains. Includes information about causes of forest fires, post-fire debris flows and landslides, and post-fire mitigation efforts. This material focuses on the "Old Topanga Firestorm of 1993" in Southern California and the following floods of 1995. From the California Coastal Commission.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20234
Pacific Northwest Stream Survey Photo Collection
"The Pacific Northwest Stream Survey Photo Collection includes over 1000 field images taken between 1934 and 1945. These span 390 streams in the Columbia River Basin. U.S. Bureau of Fisheries Researchers who took these photos looked at spawning and rearing habitat for Spring Chinook Salmon." Includes images from Washington state, Oregon, and Idaho. From the Valley Library, Oregon State University.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20263
Washington's Top 10 Weather Events of 1900s
Brief descriptions of the "top ten 20th century weather events in Washington state" as determined by the National Weather Service. Includes information about 1990 statewide flooding, Seattle's snowstorm of 1915/1916, the January 1950 blizzard, and the 1962 Columbus Day windstorm. From the National Weather Service Forecast Office, Portland, Oregon.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20262
"Love Tyrannises All the Ages": The Decembrists of Siberia
Description of the city of Irkutsk, in Siberia, where young officers from a secret society were exiled following an unsuccessful December 1825 uprising in St. Petersburg, Russia. Includes a brief overview of the event, and information about the the wives who followed their husbands into exile and their legacy on this area in Russia. Includes recent photos of the area. From the author of a Russian travel book.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20270
Cycles: African Life Through Art
This exhibit presents a "view of life through a selection of art and rituals from the vibrant peoples of the birthplace of humanity," Africa. Features a gallery of African artifacts (browsable by region), a glossary, and sections on phases of life (such as youth, adulthood, and ancestors). From the Indianapolis Museum of Art.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20228
Middle East & Jewish Studies: Lebanon
Brief list of links to websites on Lebanon, covering politics, history, economics, environment, languages, and culture. Sources include journal articles, government publications, university and organization websites, and others. From Columbia University Libraries.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20142
Biometrics: Who's Watching You?
This document outlines concerns with biometrics, "the automatic identification or identity verification of living persons using their enduring physical or behavioral characteristics." Discusses specific concerns (such as accuracy of the systems and privacy), current biometrics initiatives, attributes and components of biometrics systems, types of systems (such as fingerprinting, facial recognition, and voice verification), and related information. From the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20124
Chemical Heritage Foundation: Polymers: Molecular Giants
Introduction to polymers, which "are macromolecules -- in other words, they are really big molecules. ... Some polymers occur naturally, such as starch, protein, and cellulose." In the 19th century, "chemists began to synthesize polymers in the lab. These [synthetic] polymers ... can be found in everything from plastic bags to rubber tires," and include materials such as "nylon, rayon, vinyl, [and] Teflon." This site includes a timeline, information about chemists working with polymers, and links to related resources.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20256
Department of Defense: Biometrics
Features information about the use of biometrics by the U.S. Department of Defense for national security purposes. "Biometrics can help provide these security requirements by basing identity on a physiological characteristic distinctive to an individual." The "Biometrics 101" section contains terminology, types of biometrics systems (such as fingerprint, hand, face, and voice), and other basic information. The site also features references, tutorials, links to news, and updates on the use of biometrics by the U.S. military.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20223
Extra Second Will Be Added to 2005
Article describing how and why "an extra second will be added to 2005 to make up for the slowing down of the Earth's rotation. ... The once-common 'leap second' is the first in seven years and reflects the unpredictable nature of the planet's behavior." Includes a list of previous leap seconds added back to 1972 and links to related information. From LiveScience.com, an online magazine "focusing on innovative and intriguing science and technology."
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20173
Forensic Scientists: A Career in the Crime Lab
Occupational outlook brochure from 1999 on careers in the field of forensic science, which "resolves legal issues by applying scientific principles to them." Topics include the nature of the work, employment and working conditions, earnings, and training requirements. Opens directly into a PDF file. From the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20260
The Nylon Drama
This essay describes how "the tension between a pure-science idealist and a pragmatic corporation resulted in an artificial fiber of historic importance and the biggest money-maker in the history of Du Pont." Includes a description of the beginning of the project in the 1920s through the announcement of nylon's invention for the 1939 New York World's Fair. From the Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20258
Penn State Center for Plasticulture
This website contains information about plasticulture, the use of plastics in agricultural applications. Topics include plastic mulch, drip irrigation, row covers, high tunnels ("a crop growing system that fits somewhere between row covers and greenhouses"), windbreaks, and waste plastic. Includes images, results of experiments, and other publications. From the College of Agricultural Sciences at Penn State University.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20244
Information about inventors, plastic materials, and companies involved with the discovery and production of polymer materials. Includes images of items made from materials such as celluloid, casein, melamine, vulcanite, and xylonite. Also includes an online museum "devoted to the story of viscose artificial silk [rayon]." From the Plastics Historical Society, a British society affiliated with the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20072
The Biometric Consortium
Find background information about biometrics, which are "automated methods of recognizing a person based on a physiological or behavioral characteristics ... [such as] face, fingerprints, hand geometry, handwriting, iris, retinal, vein, and voice." Includes publications, research, and links to other resources on biometrics. From a group providing the U.S. government with "research, development, test, evaluation, and application of biometric-based personal identification/authentication technology."
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20077
The Factbook: Eye-opening Memos on Everything Family
The Factbook is "an organized collection of research on family" created as a website companion for Po Bronson's book, "Why Do I Love These People?" Find approximately one hundred well-documented short articles and memos about family life, including facts, statistical data, and opinions. Topics include parenting, family roles and responsibilities, marriage, children, work, and more.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20271
Generation X Speaks Out on Civil Engagement and the Decennial Census: An Ethnographic Approach
This 2003 study provides information and data based on 2000 census questions related to civic involvement addressed to blacks, Afro-Caribbean immigrants from Haiti and Jamaica, American Indians, Southeast Asians, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic white Americans, all of whom were born between 1966 and 1980. Includes information about education, income, core values and issues, involvement in the community, and related matters. From the U.S. Census Bureau.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20268
Hancock Shaker Village
This village is run by a nonprofit organization "that preserves and presents to the public the Shakers' legacy at their community in Hancock, Massachusetts. The Shaker Central Ministry closed the community in 1960." The site features a virtual tour of the grounds, a history of the Shaker social and religious movement in America, a bibliography (from 2001), a Hancock community census, and related information.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20248
Ken Burns American Stories: The Shakers
Companion to a 1984 Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) documentary about "the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, ... [who] because of their ecstatic dancing ... [were called] Shakers. Though they were celibate, they are the most enduring religious experiment in American history. They believed in pacifism, natural health and hygiene." Includes a timeline (1736-2002), background information about this religious and social movement, and video clips. Also includes material for educators.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20250
Lingering Myths About Generation X: Dispelling Myths About the "Lost" Generation
2005 discussion from the perspective of a home-buying magazine about assumptions concerning the generation born during the 1960s and 1970s. "The conversation began in 1991 with Douglas Coupland's book, 'Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture,' which profiles a group of 'underemployed, overeducated, intensely private and unpredictable' twenty-somethings." Topics include numbers in the group, education and employment ("slackers"), and rejection of material wealth. From a magazine published by Reed Business Information.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20269
Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village
Information about the Sabbathday Lake Shaker community in Maine, which was founded in 1783 and "is the only active Shaker Community." The site features historical background, an overview of basic Shaker principles and beliefs, and exhibit brochures.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20245
Thanks for reading LII New This Week!
Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder