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In January 2010, the LII Newsletter was renamed
"The Link: The Official Newsletter of the ipl2" and
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LII New This Week
New This Week for March 9, 2006
This Week
Read up on strength training, strange news, even stranger holidays and observances, comedy and humor, volcanos, April Fools' Day, solar eclipses, Chinese theater, and sea lions. Then bid farewell to science fiction author Octavia Butler and get ready for the centennial of the 1906 earthquake and fire. Bon appetit from the LII team: Karen, Wendy, Pat, Jennifer, Maria, Charlotte, and Tom.

Tip of the Week
Please take three to five minutes to complete our 2006 annual user survey, at http://tinyurl.com/nd33u. We really need your input this year due to a 50 percent cut to our primary funding we are facing as of July 1. Share our survey with colleagues and other users of Librarians' Internet Index. We'll post results by March 31. Thanks so much!
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Arts and Humanities

African American Fiction & Literature: Websites
Collection of sites from various libraries listing black authors of romance, mystery, science fiction, and other popular fiction works. From Onondaga County Public Library, New York.
URL: http://www.ocpl.lib.ny.us/web/search_tools/pathfinders/books/afram_fic...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20852

Dressed to the Nines: A History of the Baseball Uniform
This exhibit examines the history of baseball uniforms from the mid-1800s to the 21st century. Features an illustrated timeline, essays on parts of the uniform (such as caps, jerseys, numbers and names, stockings, and shoes), a database of uniform designs, and activities for children. From the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.
URL: http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20681

The History of London Bridge
This essay describes the events surrounding the 1971 move of the London Bridge to Lake Havasu City, Arizona, and the bridge's subsequent reconstruction. Includes brief history of the bridges that spanned the River Thames in London, and details about the man who won the bid to bring this bridge to Lake Havasu City when the British government put it up for sale in 1962. From Lake Havasu City Chamber of Commerce.
URL: http://www.golakehavasu.com/londonbridge.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20821

LibriVox
This site "provides free audiobooks from the public domain." Volunteers record chapters of books in the public domain and this site publishes them on the Internet in various audio formats (including MP3). Includes a catalog of books, poems, and short stories, and information about volunteering. The project was started by a writer and ex-engineer. RSS feeds available.
URL: http://librivox.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20721

The Printed Image in the West: History and Techniques
Illustrated descriptions of printmaking techniques. Includes history and examples of woodcut, engraving (using a metal tool known as a burin), etching (which uses acid), drypoint, mezzotint, aquatint, and lithography. Includes links to related exhibits and websites. Part of a timeline of art history from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
URL: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/prnt/hd_prnt.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20832

Printmakers' Portfolio: Printmaking Techniques
Brief overview of the traditional techniques for making fine art prints, including relief (such as woodcuts), intaglio (including engraving, etching, aquatint, drypoint, and mezzotint), stencil (primarily silkscreen printing, or serigraphy), and planographic printmaking (lithography). From an arts council that promotes both amateur and professional artists.
URL: http://www.brooklynartscouncil.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=b6_techniques&...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20830

Business

Kangaroo Industry Association of Australia
"This [Australian industry organization] site promotes an understanding of the kangaroo industry, its vital role in the environmental sustainability of the Australian rangelands, and its role in indigenising Australian Agriculture." Provides material about the main commercial uses for kangaroo (leather, meat for human consumption, and pet food), data supporting the sustainability of the kangaroo industry, and recipes (in metric measurements) for dishes such as kangaroo medallions and coriander chili kangaroo.
URL: http://www.kangaroo-industry.asn.au/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20818

Computers

Breaking German Wehrmacht Ciphers
This site describes ongoing efforts to decode ciphers used by the Germans during World War II. Includes reports on its own decoding of messages created with a "3-wheel German Army Enigma machine" as well as provides links to other decoding projects, such as the M4 Message Breaking Project, which uses a network of distributed computers to break the code of a 4-wheel German machine. Includes examples of messages, a timeline, and related material.
URL: http://frode.home.cern.ch/frode/crypto/bgac/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20805

Google Scholar
Beta version of this Internet search tool that "provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories, universities and other scholarly organizations." From Google.
URL: http://scholar.google.com
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20811

Pew Internet & American Life Project Report: Online Dating
This March 2006 report found that "Americans who are seeking romance use the internet to help them in their search, but there is still widespread public concern about the safety of online dating." Includes a summary and the full text of the report and the underlying questionnaire. Opens directly into a PDF file. From the Pew Internet & American Life Project.
URL: http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2006/PIP_Online_Dati...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20807

Health

Bulimia Nervosa Resource Guide
Resources for family, friends, and patients about bulimia nervosa, "an eating disorder in which a person engages in binge eating ... followed by some type of behavior to prevent weight gain from the food." Includes material about maximizing health insurance benefits, mental health parity laws, finding a treatment center, and signs of the disorder. From ECRI, an international nonprofit health services research agency that collaborates with the World Health Organization (WHO).
URL: http://www.bulimiaguide.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20849

Growing Stronger: Strength Training For Older Adults
This presentation describes the benefits of strengthening exercises for older adults, and provides guidance in starting and maintaining a strength-training program. The "Exercises" section features step-by-step instructions and animated drawings for each of the exercises. Also includes a physical activity readiness questionnaire to help determine if you should check with your doctor before you start. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/physical/growing_stronger/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20804

See How: Stretching and Strength-Training
Slide shows and video clips demonstrating stretching and strengthening exercises, such as balance exercises, core exercises with a fitness ball, abdominal crunches, bench press, and leg press. The slide shows present complete routines, and the videos demonstrate specific exercises. Also includes discussions by fitness experts on topics such as appropriate numbers of sets, resting, and comparison of free weights and machine weights. From the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.
URL: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fitness/SM00103
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20803

Home & Housing

Instructables
This site provides "a step-by-step collaboration system that helps you record and share your projects with a mixture of images, text, ingredient lists, CAD files, and more." Includes instructions for hundreds of projects, many that are technology related (such as making a robot from a computer mouse and building a portable light) and others that are not (such as constructing a marshmallow gun from plastic pipes). From an engineering design and technology innovation company.
URL: http://www.instructables.com
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20810

Law

Enron Trial Exhibits and Releases
This archive of documents from the 2006 federal prosecution of former Enron chief executives Jeffrey Skilling and Kenneth Lay provides "publicly released documents, including exhibits entered into evidence by the government and any press releases related to court proceedings." Documents include reports, memos, email messages, calendar entries, earnings releases, a list of witnesses, and more. From the U.S. Department of Justice.
URL: http://www.usdoj.gov/enron/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20809

Media

Chuck Shepherd's News of the Weird
Approximately six-months of archived columns from this syndicated feature on strange and bizarre news items, involving crimes, medicine, science, government actions, arts and entertainment, strange-but-true stories, confusing headlines, and more. Some of the ongoing themes include police blotter items, "Least Competent Criminals," and "Undignified Deaths."
URL: http://www.newsoftheweird.com/archive/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20837

Oddly Enough
Strange-but-true news from the news wire, on celebrities, crimes and criminals, ordinary people, lawsuits, government, scientific studies, and more. Includes some video clips and a months' worth of archived stories. From Reuters.
URL: http://www.reuters.com/news/oddlyEnough?type=oddlyEnoughNews
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20838

People

Octavia Estelle Butler, 1947-2006
Biography of Octavia Butler, "the first African-American woman to gain popularity and critical acclaim as a major science fiction writer." Includes a selected bibliography, extensive references to works about the author, and a few related links. From Voices From the Gaps: Women Artists and Writers of Color, a collaborative academic project housed at the University of Minnesota Department of English.
URL: http://voices.cla.umn.edu/vg/Bios/entries/butler_octavia_estelle.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20850

Poets.org: Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Biography of English Romantic poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Includes a selected bibliography of her poetry (including love poems and her later work with political and social themes) and collections of letters, and annotated links to other websites about Browning and her husband, poet Robert Browning. From the American Academy of Poets.
URL: http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/152
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20853

Ready Reference & Quick Facts

How Products Are Made
Detailed explanations for "the manufacturing process of a wide variety of products, from daily household items to complicated electronic equipment and heavy machinery." Includes an illustrated overview of the assembly and the manufacturing process, a description of how the item works, a list of raw materials used, and related information. Products include air bags, artificial snow, popcorn, television, and much more. From Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation.
URL: http://www.madehow.com
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20815

The Ides of March: Just One of a Dozen Ides
"The soothsayer's warning to Julius Caesar, 'Beware the Ides of March,' has forever imbued [March 15] with a sense of foreboding." This site from Infoplease.com explains the meaning behind the expression "Ides of March" and the system of Kalends, Nones, and Ides used in the Roman calendar. Also includes links to related calendar information.
URL: http://www.infoplease.com/spot/ides1.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/5967

I'm Dreaming of a White National Cheese Day
Critique of obscure commercial holidays in the U.S. The site notes "that practically every day, every week, and every month has its own name," and that "every one of these holidays has a sponsor." Includes a list of holidays, such as National Hobby Month, National Bowling Week, and Cheese Day, all in January. From Stay Free!, a "magazine that explores the politics and perversions of mass media and American (consumer) culture."
URL: http://www.stayfreemagazine.org/archives/13/holidays.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20847

National Health Observances
"Health observances are days, weeks, or months devoted to promoting particular health concerns. This planning guide developed by the National Health Information Center lists national health observances, along with the sponsoring organizations and information about supporting materials." Includes links to associated sites. From the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
URL: http://www.healthfinder.gov/library/nho/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20848

Recreation

American College of Sports Medicine: Brochures
Series of brochures on selection and effective use of home exercise equipment, such as free weights (dumbbells and barbells), treadmills, elliptical trainers, stationary bicycles, and rowing machines. Includes questions to ask before a purchase and tips for safe use of the equipment. Other brochures cover selection of a health and fitness facility, sports medicine and exercise science careers, and other exercise topics.
URL: http://www.acsm.org/health+fitness/brochures.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20802

eBird
This is an "on-line checklist project where you can enter and store your bird observations in a central database, track your personal records, and share your observations with other birders and scientists." The central database is used by those "who want to know more about the distributions and movement patterns of birds across [North America]." Requires free (but fairly detailed) registration to use "My eBird." From Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the National Audubon Society.
URL: http://ebird.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20813

Snopes.com: April Fools' Day
Material about this holiday celebrated on April 1 by the pulling of pranks and jokes. Includes an overview of the holiday's purported origin, an article about famous April Fools' Day pranks, and links to news articles and press releases from recent April Fools' Days. From a website that evaluates urban legends.
URL: http://www.snopes.com/holidays/aprilfools/aprilfools.asp
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20820

Regional: California

Centennial of 1906
This page collects information about the April 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire, and related 2006 centennial activities and exhibits from various departments and groups at the University of California, Berkeley. Features basic data and links to photographs and websites with material about the earthquake. From Berkeley Seismological Laboratory.
URL: http://seismo.berkeley.edu/1906/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20842

Domoic Acid and Sea Lions
Brief overview of the effect of domoic acid, a "naturally-occurring neurotoxin ... [which] has been responsible for the deaths of hundreds of sea lions in southern California during the last few years. Domoic acid is a chemical that is produced by algae or plankton when it blooms. Domoic acid was not discovered until the late 1980s." Includes links to marine mammal care centers in Southern California. From the Surfrider Foundation, a nonprofit environmental organization.
URL: http://www.surfrider.org/a-z/domoic_acid.php
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20819

The Great 1906 Earthquake and Fire
Archive of materials on the April 1906 earthquake and fire in San Francisco, including newspaper clippings, eyewitness accounts, police and fire department reports, engineering and scientific reports, and photos of earthquake damage and relief efforts. From the Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco.
URL: http://www.sfmuseum.org/1906/06.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20841

Regional: Washington State

Garden Seattle
News stories, columns, and other material about gardening in the Pacific Northwest. Topics include seasonal gardening and yard maintenance, organic gardening, vegetable gardening, regional plant picks, books, and more. Also provides event listings (mostly in the Puget Sound region) and photos. From the Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
URL: http://www.seattlepi.com/nwgardens/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20729

HistoryLink.org: Women Painters of Washington
Historical essay about the early years of the Women Painters of Washington, which "began as one of the earliest arts organizations in this region and remains among the very few statewide women's arts associations in the country. The group formed in 1930 after several prominent regional women artists attended a class conducted in Seattle." Includes brief biographical material about founding and early members, and a discussion about more recent activities. Includes a short bibliography.
URL: http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=7644
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20795

Regions of the World

Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
This observatory "uses federal, state, and university resources to monitor and study Alaska's hazardous volcanoes, to predict and record eruptive activity, and to mitigate volcanic hazards." The site features photographs and updates for major volcanoes such as Augustine (with recorded activity from 1812 through 2006), a list of over 100 active and inactive volcanoes, a glossary, and more. A joint program of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and government bodies in Alaska.



URL: http://www.avo.alaska.edu
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20789

The History of London Bridge
An illustrated history and timeline describing "all the bridges that have been known as London Bridge over the past 2000 years." Includes discussion of Roman bridges to cross the River Thames in London, the effects of the Great Fire of 1666, and of the bridge that was moved and rebuilt in Lake Havasu City, Arizona. From the London Bridge Museum and Educational Trust.
URL: http://www.oldlondonbridge.com/history.shtml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20826

Science

Animal Bytes: Kangaroo and Wallaby
Illustrated fact sheet on these marsupials whose family name, (Macropodidae) means "big feet." Discusses young kangaroos (joeys), kangaroo habitat, social habits, diet, anatomical features that help a kangaroo hop, and more. Includes photos, fast facts, and links to definitions of terms in the article. From the San Diego Zoo.
URL: http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-kangaroo.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20817

Australian Government: Kangaroos - Australia's Best-known Animals
Description of this mammal that hops on strong back legs. The kangaroo is "found naturally in the wild only in Australia and New Guinea, although feral populations of some species have been introduced in New Zealand, Great Britain and Hawaii." Features a list of species, details about conservation efforts and about kangaroo and wallaby harvesting, population estimates and trends, and statistics about numbers killed commercially. From the Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
URL: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/trade-use/wild-harvest/kang...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20814

National Estuarine Research Reserve System
Details about "a network of protected areas established for long-term research, education and stewardship." Find profiles of the 26 reserves (with site descriptions, maps, cultural history, and more), details about the designation process for the estuaries, restoration strategies, monitoring activities, current news about the reserves, lesson plans, and other material related to the reserves. From the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
URL: http://nerrs.noaa.gov
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20806

Solar Eclipse: Stories From the Path of Totality
Webcasts and other material about solar eclipses since 1998, including August 1, 2008 (China), March 29, 2006 (Turkey), and June 10, 2002 (U.S.). Includes essays on why eclipses happen, how to view an eclipse, a world map of future solar eclipses (2017 is the next one viewable in the U.S.), and other features. From the Exploratorium.
URL: http://www.exploratorium.edu/eclipse/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20812

Society & Social Science

American Humor: A Study of the American Character
Electronic version of this book by Constance Rourke (originally published in 1931) tracing the regional development of American humor. Topics include Southern humor, Yankee humor, comic poets, strolling actors, and humor of the West and California. From American Studies at the University of Virginia.
URL: http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/rourke/cover.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20827

The Gift of Jewish Women's Comedy
Essay about American Jewish women comedians who have "demonstrated a superb wit, wonderful verbal skills, and the masterful use of irony, satire, and mockery, including self-mockery." Includes material about Fanny Brice, Judy Holliday, Madeline Kahn, Molly Picon, Gilda Radner, and Sophie Tucker. From the Jewish Women's Archive.
URL: http://jwa.org/discover/infocus/comedy/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20829

The Kennedy Center Mark Twain Prize for American Humor
Biographical material about prizewinners of this annual award for "comedians and writers of piercing wit who have left their mark on our ideas, attitudes, and language." Winners include Richard Pryor, Carl Reiner, Jonathan Winters, Whoopi Goldberg, Bob Newhart, Lily Tomlin, Lorne Michaels, and Steve Martin. From the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.
URL: http://www.kennedy-center.org/programs/specialevents/marktwain/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20825

Mark Twain and American Humor
This lesson plan for high school students examines the "structure and characterization in the short story and consider the significance of humor through a study of Mark Twain's 'The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County.'" Includes links to the short story and to related material on topics such as literary humor (and "Dr. Heidegger's Experiment," by Nathaniel Hawthorne). From EDSITEment, a joint project of the National Endowment for the Humanities and other organizations.
URL: http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=327
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20823

Shôjo Manga
Collection of material about Japanese comic books for girls and women. Includes an essay about the historical development of this genre of comics, a list of manga titles for girls, and a discussion of the facial look of manga characters. In English and Japanese. From a professor at Kyoto Seika University.
URL: http://www.matt-thorn.com/shoujo_manga/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20833

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Bombings
"On September 15, 1963, the Ku Klux Klan bombed the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church [in Birmingham, Alabama] and killed four little girls. These powerful images, newspaper clippings, and documents show the immediate and widespread destruction of the tragedy and heartbreak that inspired a movement." From the Birmingham Public Library.
URL: http://www.bplonline.org/resources/Digital_Project/SixteenthStBaptistB...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20851

Studies in American Humor
This site features a selection of essays that appeared in the journal Studies in American Humor from 1974 to 1994. Topics include Mark Twain, immigrant stereotypes 1880-1900, "Catch-22" and angry humor, Will Rogers, S. J. Perelman, and New Yorker cartoons. From a retired editor of the journal.
URL: http://www.compedit.com
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20822


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder