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LII New This Week
New This Week for March 30, 2006
This Week
This week read up on Civil War spies, mystery authors, teens and tech, immigration, guinea worm disease, Lady Godiva, cowboys of Washington state, secretaries of defense, population in Nigeria, Daylight Saving Time, earthquake preparedness, and much more. Bon appetit from Karen, Wendy, Pat, Marie, Jennifer, Charlotte, and Tom.

Tip of the Week
The main page of LII offers a rotating selection of featured sites, often reflecting current events and observations. Many of our featured sites at present are about the centennial of the 1906 Earthquake and Fire. A fresh site appears every hour. (Note: we're still compiling our survey input about the budget cut--we should have a summary next week.)
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Arts and Humanities

Going Underground
This February 2006 map plots "the history of 20th century music on the London Underground map devised by Harry Beck in 1933." Lines are renamed for music genres such as soul, reggae, pop, rock, jazz, hip-hop, electronica, and classical. Includes an article explaining how the map was plotted and many reader comments. From the Guardian Unlimited, the online companion to the British newspaper The Guardian.
URL: http://blogs.guardian.co.uk/culturevulture/archives/2006/02/03/going_u...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21063

A Literary Map of Manhattan
This interactive map shows some of the places "where imaginary New Yorkers lived, worked, played, drank, walked and looked at ducks." View the locations on the map, or browse by author or title. Some of the almost 100 book titles represented include "The Invisible Man," "Harriet the Spy," "The Great Gatsby," and "James and the Giant Peach." From a 2005 New York Times Book Review feature.
URL: http://www.nytimes.com/packages/khtml/2005/06/05/books/20050605_BOOKMA...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21041

Mystery*File
A "crime fiction research journal" about mystery novels and novelists. Includes an illustrated and annotated checklist of the Ziff-Davis Fingerprint Mysteries, a chronological checklist of Native American detectives, and an essay about the game of cricket and mystery novels. Also addresses fictional characters such as Agatha Christie's Tommy and Tuppence, book reviews for older and recent works, and links to related sites.
URL: http://www.mysteryfile.com
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20931

Zoom Into Maps: Unusual Maps
Features images of caricature maps from the 1868 book "Geographical Fun" and other humorous and fictitious maps, such as the Kingdom of France (1796) represented in the form of a ship and the "Gerry-Mander" (Essex County, Massachusetts in the form of a salamander). From a Library of Congress educational feature on maps.
URL: http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/maps/unusual.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21047

Business

Best Performing Cities 2005: Where America's Jobs Are Created and Sustained
This February 2006 report "ranks 379 U.S. metropolitan areas based on their economic performance and their ability to create, as well as keep, the greatest number of jobs in the nation." Includes large metropolitan area and small cities rankings back to 2003 and the full text of the 2005 report (requires free registration). From the Milken Institute, "an independent economic think tank."
URL: http://www.milkeninstitute.org/publications/publications.taf?function=...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21008

Energy Information Administration: Country Analysis Briefs
Reports on the sources and use of energy (such as oil, natural gas, and electricity) for dozens of countries. Reports provide general background and a country profile, data and analysis on energy production and use, and links to related material. Also includes special reports and chronologies such as on oil prices (1970-2004) and on energy activities back to 1996. From the Energy Information Administration (EIA), a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy.
URL: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21007

Computers

Family, Friends & Community: Teens and Technology
"This is a discussion of the eight realities of technology and social experience that are shaping the world of today's teens and twenty-somethings. It looks at the growing role of technology in teens' lives, the way they use their gadgets, their expectations about how to find and use information, and the social consequences of their use of technology." Presented to the Public Library Association in March 2006. From the Pew Internet & American Life Project.
URL: http://www.pewinternet.org/PPF/r/63/presentation_display.asp
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21038

Government

Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) [Euskadi ta Askatasuna]
Questions and answers about "[a] leftist group that uses terrorism in hopes of forming an independent Basque state in parts of northern Spain and southwest France." Discusses organization history and terrorist attacks for which the ETA has been implicated. From the Council on Foreign Relations.
URL: http://www.cfr.org/publication/9271/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21039

Embassy of the United States Beijing, China: Adoption Procedures
"The following is a guide for U.S. citizens who are interested in adopting a child in China and applying for an immigrant visa for the child to come to the United States. This process can be expensive, time-consuming and difficult, involving complex Chinese and U.S. legal requirements." Topics include procedures, age and civil requirements, agencies, required documents, U.S. immigration procedures, timing, and costs. From the U.S. Department of State.
URL: http://beijing.usembassy-china.org.cn/adoption.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21052

Target America
Part of the PBS Frontline television series, this program explores America's "first war on terrorism," initiated by President Ronald Reagan in the 1980s. Includes a timeline covering attacks on Americans from 1979 to 1988, interviews with officials such as Caspar Weinberger and Bud McFarlane, and an overview of the evolution of Islamic terrorism, starting from 1968.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/target/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/11388

U.S. Department of Labor: Guestworker Programs
Overview and details about Department of Labor (DOL) "labor certifications for permanent and temporary employment" under programs such as permanent labor certification, and temporary labor certification (H-2A for seasonal agricultural work and H-2B for temporary non-agricultural work). Also includes material about President George W. Bush's 2003 "High Growth Job Training Initiative" and industries targeted by the initiative (such as aerospace, biotechnology, construction, and health care). From the Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
URL: http://www.doleta.gov/business/gw/guestwkr/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20941

Health

AARP: Health Care & Wellness
Collection of international resources on aging adult topics such as prescription drug importation, health IT, and health care quality and affordability. Includes speeches, event proceedings, research reports, and other publications. From AARP International.
URL: http://www.aarpinternational.org/topics/topics_list.htm?topic=1975
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21017

The Carter Center: Guinea Worm Eradication Program
Details about this program that hopes to eradicate Guinea worm disease (dracunculiasis), a parasitic disease "contracted when stagnant water, contaminated with microscopic water fleas carrying infective larvae, is consumed." Features a program overview, reported cases by country (all in Africa), articles on the disease, and links to related websites. From the Carter Center, an organization (founded by former president Jimmy Carter and his wife, Rosalynn) "committed to advancing human rights and alleviating unnecessary human suffering."
URL: http://www.cartercenter.org/health/guinea_worm/index.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21037

Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease)
Fact sheet and other materials on dracunculiasis, "more commonly known as Guinea worm disease (GWD), ... a preventable infection caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis. Infection affects poor communities in remote parts of Africa that do not have safe water to drink." Includes a diagram of the disease life cycle, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report articles (back to 1983), and reports on dracunculiasis. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Parasitic Diseases.
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/dracunculiasis/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21036

MedlinePlus: Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial From the National Library of Medicine
"This tutorial teaches you how to evaluate the health information that you find on the Web. It is about 16 minutes long." It walks consumers through the process of determining who is behind a website (such as a physician or a drug company), separating noncommercial and commercial content (such as advertising), checking to make sure the site is current, and more. From the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/webeval/webeval.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20910

Law

United States Department of Justice: Trafficking in Persons
Government documents on trafficking in persons, "also known as 'human trafficking' ... a form of modern-day slavery. Traffickers often prey on individuals who are poor ... and who may lack access to social safety nets, predominantly women and children in certain countries." Features reports on U.S. activities to combat trafficking in persons, policy papers, reports on Department of Justice cases involving human trafficking, and related resources.
URL: http://www.usdoj.gov/whatwedo/whatwedo_ctip.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21013

People

Lady Godiva: The Naked Truth
This article examines the myth of Lady Godiva's ride, which she is claimed to have taken when her husband told her "he would lower taxes when she rode a horse, naked, through the streets ... [of Coventry] at midday." The article states that "most medieval scholars agree the ride never took place." The article also discusses the role of "Peeping Tom," "who doesn't even appear ... until the seventeenth century." From the Harvard Magazine.
URL: http://harvardmagazine.com/2003/07/lady-godiva-the-naked-tr.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21045

Secretaries of Defense
Biographies of U.S. secretaries of defense from 1947 to the present, including Donald Rumsfeld, Richard Cheney, Caspar Weinberger, William Cohen, Les Aspin, George Marshall, and others. The essays cover the life events leading up to each person's time in office, and highlights of their careers in the position. From the U.S. Department of Defense.
URL: http://www.defenselink.mil/specials/secdef_histories/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21064

Ready Reference & Quick Facts

Pocket Guide to Transportation
This annual publication provides quick facts about the U.S. transportation system, covering topics such as accidents, car travel, airports, railroads, oil imports, ports, border crossings, fuel economy, auto emissions, and even international piracy and armed robbery at sea. Archived reports go back to 1999. From the U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS).
URL: http://www.bts.gov/publications/pocket_guide_to_transportation/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21014

Recreation

Political Humor: Tax Jokes
Collection of material and links to sites with "tax jokes, political cartoons, and other itemized objections to income taxes and the IRS." Includes jokes from late-night shows, an income tax return for laid-off dot-com employees with no job prospects, tax humor one-liners, "Income Tax Top 10s," and more. From About.com.
URL: http://politicalhumor.about.com/od/taxes/Tax_Jokes.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21046

Regional: California

Facts for Features: 100th Anniversary: San Francisco Earthquake -- April 18 [2006]
This site compares population, housing, and employment data for San Francisco near the time of the 1906 earthquake and fire and 100 years later. For example, the site notes that in 1900 San Francisco was "the most populous in California and ninth most populous city nationwide," and as of 2004 "San Francisco was only the fourth most populous city in the state and the 14th most populous city nationwide." From the U.S. Census Bureau.
URL: http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_fe...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21042

Guided by History: 1906 San Francisco Earthquake & Fire: Remember and Prepare
This blog from Wells Fargo Bank looks at a variety of topics related to the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire, including local commemorative events in 2006, disaster preparedness resources, and glimpses into the Wells Fargo historical archives. Includes links to sites related to preparedness, remembrance (including online and museum exhibits), and participation and volunteering.
URL: http://blog.wellsfargo.com/GuidedByHistory/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20991

www.72Hours.org
Brief instructions and suggestions to help you "prepare yourself and your family for an emergency. You can also learn what to do in response to a specific disaster, like a tsunami" or an earthquake. Topics include first aid, utilities, food, pets, and more. Though the site was created for San Francisco residents, many sections are applicable to all. In English, Spanish, and Chinese. From the San Francisco Office of Emergency Services and Homeland Security.
URL: http://www.72hours.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21023

Regional: Washington State

Cowboys and History in Washington State: Exploring the Highland Historical Loop Drive
This article describes an itinerary for a road trip in eastern Washington state that focuses on "real working cowboys, and a lot of western history." The trip visits cities and towns including Spokane, Republic (formerly Eureka), Molson and Molson ghost town, and Oroville. Includes links to sites for accommodations, dining, and activities. From "a community of independent and alternative travelers and businesses dedicated to sustainable and responsible tourism."
URL: http://www.gonomad.com/features/0506/washington_cowboys.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21001

Thea Foss Waterway Cleanup
Background material and updates about the environmental cleanup of Washington state's Thea Foss and Wheeler-Osgood waterways, "which were contaminated by more than a century of environmentally insensitive practices." Discusses chemicals on the site (which is part of a the larger Commencement Bay Superfund site), cleanup and redevelopment plans, and related details. From the city of Tacoma.
URL: http://www.cityoftacoma.org/Page.aspx?hid=939
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/20461

Regions of the World

Science

The National-Scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA)
Reports from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's "ongoing comprehensive evaluation of air toxics in the U.S." Contains the results of an assessment of 1999 air toxics emissions (released in 2006), and an earlier report on 1996 toxic air pollutants. The 1999 assessment includes a summary of the findings, a FAQ on air toxics, a list of the over 170 air pollutants in the report, a glossary, data tables, maps, and tools to analyze the data.
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/natamain/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21035

United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)
This program "provides biodiversity information for policy and action to conserve the living world. ... Programmes concentrate on species, forests, protected areas, marine, mountains and freshwaters; plus habitats affected by climate change such as polar regions." It also addresses "the relationship between trade and the environment." The site features reports for habitats, a species database (with thousands of plant and animal species), list of protected areas, international agreements, maps, and more.
URL: http://www.unep-wcmc.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21051

Society & Social Science

Characteristics of Private Schools in the United States: Results From the 2003-2004 Private School Universe Survey
"This [2006] report on the 2003-2004 Private School Universe Survey presents data on private schools in the United States with grades kindergarten through twelve by selected characteristics such as school size, school level, religious orientation, association membership, geographic region, community type, and program emphasis." Covers Montessori, religious (including specific denominations), vocational, and other specialized schools. From the National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education.
URL: http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2006319
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21015

Children's World Water Forum: Calling for Change
News and analysis about the "Children's World Water Forum ... part of the 4th World Water Forum" in Mexico City in March 2006. "This event has brought together more than 100 children from over 30 countries. Participants are sharing real-life experiences of unsafe water, poor sanitation, and what they have done to improve conditions in their communities." Includes video clips, a photo essay, and links to related sites. From UNICEF.
URL: http://www.unicef.org/wes/index_31731.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21049

Eldis Gender Resource Guide
Collection of publications from development organizations on gender topics such as education of women, violence against women, and gender and participation. Features annotations to the publications, profiles of the publishing organizations, an extensive guide to gender and HIV/AIDS, regional and country profiles (Africa, Middle East, Asia, and Latin America), and more. From Eldis, a development resource-sharing program based at the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, England.
URL: http://www.eldis.org/gender/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21058

Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR)
The site addresses immigration issues (including national security and FAIR's support of a plan to curtail immigration) and provides some data as well as analyses of current immigration reform legislation. From a nonprofit organization that "seeks to improve border security, to stop illegal immigration, and to promote immigration levels consistent with the national interest -- more traditional rates of about 300,000 a year."
URL: http://www.fairus.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21031

HIV InSite: Sexual Violence: Related Resources
Annotated links to resources on sexual violence, covering topics such as sexual violence and sexually transmitted diseases (including HIV/AIDS), guidelines and best practices, policy, and sexual violence in specific countries and regions (such as South Africa and south Asia). Includes links to many organizations working on rape, violence against women, and related issues. From the Center for HIV Information, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).
URL: http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=kbr-08-01-09
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21057

National Immigration Law Center (NILC)
Find issue briefs, articles, and other material about "immigration, public benefits, and employment laws affecting immigrants and refugees." Also provides analysis of pending immigration reform legislation, which includes topics such as guest workers, driver's licenses, and border controls. Other features include links to related federal and California sites and information for Hurricane Katrina survivors. From an organization "dedicated to protecting and promoting the rights of low income immigrants and their family members."
URL: http://www.nilc.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21032

National Threat Assessments
This site provides National Drug Threat Assessments, which are designed to give policy makers "a timely, predictive report on the threat of drugs, gangs, and violence." The assessments "addresses the status and outlook of the drug threat to the United States. It covers the trafficking and abuse patterns of cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana, heroin, MDMA, pharmaceutical drugs, and other dangerous drugs." From the National Drug Intelligence Center of the U.S. Department of Justice.
URL: http://www.usdoj.gov/ndic/topics/ndtas.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21011

People Opposing Women Abuse (POWA)
The website for this Johannesburg, South Africa, organization contains resources on sexual violence against women, including fact sheets on rape and abuse of women, statistics on rape in South Africa, a paper on links between AIDS/HIV and violence against women in South Africa, and related publications. Includes details about POWA programs and events.
URL: http://www.powa.co.za
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21050

Seize the Daylight: Who Knew? A Brief History of Daylight Saving Time
Companion to a book about the history of daylight-saving time (DST). Features a brief overview of the history of DST (including the contributions of Benjamin Franklin, World Wars I and II, and the 1973 oil embargo), and current observance of DST in the U.S., the U.K., and beyond. The "About the Book" section recounts bemusing situations related to DST. From a consultant who advised the U.S. Congress about its 2005 legislation to extend DST.
URL: http://www.seizethedaylight.com/dst/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21033

Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the U.S.
This March 2006 report (based on a March 2005 population survey) evaluates the number and origin of the illegal immigrant population in the U.S. Topics include gender and family composition, families with children, workforce gender, occupations, and industries. Also include data on topics such as trends for 1980-2005 and legal status of foreign-born individuals, and links to related reports. From the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center.
URL: http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=61
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21040

Voices of Youth
This site offers "all children and adolescents, including the hard-to-reach, a safe and supportive global cyberspace within which they can explore, discuss and partner on issues related to human rights and social change." Includes guides and real life stories on topics such as child rights, education, HIV and AIDS, commercial sexual exploitation, and water, environment, and sanitation. In English, Spanish, and French. From UNICEF.
URL: http://www.unicef.org/voy/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21048


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder