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LII New This Week
New This Week for October 27, 2005


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Arts and Humanities

The Coptic Museum
Official site of this museum located in Cairo that contains art and artifacts that trace the history of Christianity in Egypt. The site features a gallery of items, such as icons, manuscripts, textiles, ostraca, and frescos. In English, Arabic, and French. Note: the virtual tour of the museum may not load properly.
URL: http://www.copticmuseum.gov.eg/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19451

Fruit Crate Labels
Collection of more than 60 labels for agricultural crates, depicting apples, apple orchards, and apple grower logos. From the National Apple Museum, Biglerville, Pennsylvania.
URL: http://www.nationalapplemuseum.com/label01.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19452

Retratos: 2,000 Years of Latin American Portraits
Online companion to a traveling exhibition "comprising more than 100 portraits from over 15 countries. The exhibition begins in the Precolumbian era, continues through the viceregal and independence periods, and into the modern era. It ends with contemporary portraiture." The website features short essays on each time period and selected images from the exhibition (with descriptions), a map of Latin America, teacher resources, and information about the exhibition. In English and Spanish.
URL: http://www.retratos.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19457

Business

Country Briefings: China
Background information and articles about business and economics in China. Provides economic data, an economic outlook, information about the political and economic structure of the country, and news about business in China, U.S.-China economic relations, and other topics. Note: Some articles (marked as premium content) only available to subscribers. From the website for The Economist magazine.
URL: http://www.economist.com/countries/China/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19436

U.S. Commercial Service: China
Resources for U.S. companies who plan to do business in China. Features a basic visitor's guide to China, tips for doing business in the country, business service providers, trade leads, a trade show calendar, employment opportunities, and other business resources. From the U.S. Commercial Service, a federal government agency that "helps U.S. companies find new international business partners in worldwide markets."
URL: http://www.buyusa.gov/china/en/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19434

Government

Army Recruiting and Retention
News from the U.S. Army about recruiting and retention of soldiers. The recruiting fiscal year runs from October through September. Includes recent information and links to older news and related sites.
URL: http://www.army.mil/recruitingandretention/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19425

Documents From the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789
"The Continental Congress Broadside Collection (253 titles) and the Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection (21 titles) contain 274 documents relating to the work of Congress and the drafting and ratification of the Constitution. Items include extracts of the journals of Congress, resolutions, proclamations, committee reports, treaties, and early printed versions of the United States Constitution and the Declaration of Independence." Includes a related essay and timelines. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress.
URL: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/continental/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19464

Federal Reserve Board: About the Fed
Background information about the Federal Reserve System, which "serves as the nation's central bank. ... The System consists of a seven member Board of Governors with headquarters in Washington, D.C., and twelve Reserve Banks located in major cities throughout the United States." Covers the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 (which established the system), the structure of the system, purposes and function, board of governors, banks and bank presidents, and more. From the Federal Reserve Board.
URL: http://www.federalreserve.gov/aboutthefed/default.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19432

Louisiana Parish Government
"Forty-six of ... [Louisiana's] 64 parishes operate under the general law providing for the traditional police jury form of government. The other 18 operate under home rule charters including four city-parish consolidations, Orleans, East Baton Rouge, Terrebonne and Lafayette." This site provides an overview of police jury system form of government, a parish directory, links to legislative updates, and news. From the Police Jury Association of Louisiana.
URL: http://www.lpgov.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19455

Health

The Beat Goes On: A History of Cardiology
Companion to an exhibit from 1990 about the human heart that "traces the interwoven history of medical knowledge and technological advance from Galen's early description of the circulatory system to modern breakthroughs in prevention, diagnosis and treatment." Includes images and information about bloodletting, blood pressure, stethoscopes, surgery, pacemakers, EKG machines, pharmaceuticals, and more. Also includes a bibliography. From the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Medical Museum.
URL: http://www.uihealthcare.com/depts/medmuseum/galleryexhibits/beatgoeson...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19431

Exercise Library
This site lets you "create your own workout depending on the amount of time you have and the equipment available to you." Choose from exercises from the categories for agility and balance, arms, back, chest, core, legs, and shoulders. Exercises are both described and shown in photographs, some also with audio or video. Some of the exercises require equipment such as a stability ball or stretch band. From the American Council on Exercise (ACE).
URL: http://www.acefitness.org/exerciselibrary/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19447

In Depth: Bird Flu
News stories and background information about avian influenza (bird flu), including the H5N1 strain that is causing concern in 2005. Discusses impacted countries, pandemic flu in the past (such as "the Spanish flu virus that swept the world in 1918-19"), actions to fight the virus, and related information. Provides photos, charts, and video and audio clips. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/world/2005/bird_flu/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19458

Questions and Answers About Cognitive Therapy
Fact sheet about cognitive therapy, which "in contrast to other forms of psychotherapy ... is usually more focused on the present, more time-limited, and more problem-solving oriented." Discusses a typical therapy session, how long therapy lasts, where to find a cognitive therapist, and related topics. From the Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research.
URL: http://www.beckinstitute.org/InfoID/220/RedirectPath/Add1/FolderID/237...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19428

Home & Housing

Apples & More
Collection of articles and links to resources on growing and eating apples. Topics include apple varieties, history, selection and uses, apple cider, apple events, and nutrition. Provides instructions for preserving apples, and recipes for applesauce, spiced apple cider, apple butter, and other dishes. In English and Spanish. From the University of Illinois Extension, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
URL: http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/apples/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19450

Heirloom Apples
This article provides information about selecting and planting your own heirloom apple trees. Also includes images of some heritage apples (such as pink pearl and cinnamon spice), a list of the author's five favorite varieties, a bibliography, and links to apple tree sources. From Washington State University (WSU) Extension Clark County.
URL: http://clark.wsu.edu/volunteer/mg/gm_tips/HeirloomApples.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19363

Pumpkin Carving 101
Lots of information on this Halloween tradition, including history, selecting pumpkins to use as jack-o'-lanterns, tools, traditional carving and carving with stencils, lighting methods, extending the life of the pumpkin, photographing, burial, and caring for a pumpkin patch. From Halloween Online.
URL: http://www.pumpkincarving101.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19418

A Vegan Halloween Party
This site features several recipes for vegan Halloween-themed dishes, including drinks, appetizers, and snacks. Among the treats are Black Widow Pie, Witch's Eyeballs, and Graveyard Ghoulash. From Vegetarians in Paradise, a Los Angeles vegetarian society.
URL: http://www.vegparadise.com/cookingwith.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/12529

Media

The NewsHour's 30th Anniversary
Special feature from the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Online NewsHour celebrating its 30th anniversary (October 2005). Features a timeline for the show (which began as the Robert MacNeil Report in 1975), reflections from MacNeil and Jim Lehrer, and stories that revisit people and communities reported in the program (such as immigration, the steel industry, Silicon Valley and the dot-com boom, and NAFTA).
URL: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/aboutus/30/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19469

Resources for Journalists [Central America Floods 2005]
"NAHJ has compiled a list of websites, maps, articles, and contacts to aid journalists covering the disastrous flooding and mudslides that have recently affected Guatemala and Central America as a result of Hurricane Stan." Includes information about damage and relief efforts. From The National Association of Hispanic Journalists (NAHJ).
URL: http://www.nahj.org/nahjnews/articles/2005/october/guatemalaresources....
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19417

People

Civil Rights Icon Rosa Parks Dies
Radio program about Rosa Parks (1913-2005), known as the "'mother of the civil rights movement' ... [for turning] the course of American history by refusing in 1955 to give up her seat on a bus for a white man." Includes audio of past interviews with Parks, images, and links to related stories. From National Public Radio (NPR).
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4973548
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19461

Lawrence of Arabia: The Life, The Legend
Companion to a 2005 exhibit at the Imperial War Museum (London) about British military leader T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia). Features brief essays (accompanied by photos) about his childhood and youth, war years (1914-1918), peace and diplomacy, his book "Seven Pillars of Wisdom," his time in the Royal Air Force (RAF), retirement and later years, and his legacy and reputation after his death.
URL: http://www.iwm.org.uk/upload/package/54/Lawrence/Exhibition/index.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19427

Rosa Parks Library and Museum
The website for this library and museum contains information about Rosa Parks (1913-2005), the black woman whose refusal to give her seat on a public bus to a white man inspired the 1955 civil rights movement event known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Includes biographical information, photos, and links to more information about Parks and Montgomery, Alabama, history. From Troy University, Montgomery, Alabama.
URL: http://montgomery.troy.edu/museum/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19459

Rosa Parks: How I Fought for Civil Rights
In this lesson designed for grades seven and eight, "Rosa Parks, 'The Mother of the Modern-day Civil Rights Movement,' describes her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott [of 1955-56] and helps students understand the importance of every individual citizen in a democracy." Includes the transcript of an interview with Parks, a brief biography of Parks, and an essay about being arrested, the boycott, and the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr. From Scholastic Inc.
URL: http://teacher.scholastic.com/rosa/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19462

Ready Reference & Quick Facts

Dark Side of the Net
Directory of websites about spooky, occult, and Goth matters. Includes thousands of links in such categories as Halloween (including haunted houses), literature, art, computer applications (fonts, screensavers, wallpapers), entertainment, discussion groups and chat rooms, horror, movies, music, and vampires.
URL: http://www.darklinks.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/12342

Daylight Time
"Starting in March 2007, daylight time ... will begin on the second Sunday in March and end on the first Sunday in November." Includes a brief history of daylight-saving time in the U.S. From the U.S. Naval Observatory, Astronomical Applications Department.
URL: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/faq/docs/daylight_time.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19423

Official USPS Abbreviations
List of official abbreviations from the United States Postal Service (USPS) to use when addressing mail. Includes abbreviations for states, military areas (such as "AE" for Armed Forces Middle East), street suffixes, and secondary unit designations (such as for apartment, penthouse, and room).
URL: http://www.usps.com/ncsc/lookups/usps_abbreviations.html#states
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19448

U.S. Census Bureau Facts for Features: Halloween: Oct. 31
Contains facts and statistics regarding trick-or-treaters, pumpkins and jack-o'-lanterns, candy, and costumes. Includes relevant place names in the United States, such as Transylvania County, North Carolina, and Tombstone, Arizona.
URL: http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_fe...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/8925

Worldwide Tropical Cyclone Names
Lists of tropical cyclone names for various regions throughout the world. "Atlantic tropical storms have been named from lists originated by the National Hurricane Center. ... Six lists [of 21 names] are used in rotation." If "more than 21 named tropical cyclones occur in the Atlantic basin in a season, additional storms will take names from the Greek alphabet." Also includes a list of retired hurricane names. From the National Weather Service, National Hurricane Center.
URL: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutnames.shtml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19440

Regional: California

Eugenics in California
"Convinced that ideas of better breeding and genetic selection were central to settling the Pacific West, many European American migrants [in the early 20th century] ... supported practices such as involuntary sterilization, immigration restriction, and racially-biased IQ testing." This site provides links to information about eugenics in California and the U.S. and the relation of eugenics to contemporary genomics. From the Center for Science, History, Policy, and Ethics at California State University Sacramento.
URL: http://www.csus.edu/cshpe/eugenics/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19446

The Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake
Information about this earthquake that hit at 5:12 a.m. on April 18, 1906. Includes information about the size of the quake, casualties and damage from the earthquake and fire, information about other notable quakes in the San Francisco Bay Area after 1906, and links to photo collections and eyewitness accounts. From the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
URL: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/nca/1906/18april/index.php
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19470

SFGate.com: Culture Blog
"Written by a group of columnists, reporters and editors from both the newspaper [San Francisco Chronicle] and Web site ... we'll be posting daily items -- newsy, opinionated, critical or simply silly -- on our various arts, culture, media, and Web-related interests and obsessions." Browsable by topics including art, fashion, neighborhoods, pop culture, and "weird" (such as image of a "depiction of San Francisco in Jell-O"). From the website for the San Francisco Chronicle.
URL: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/blogs/sfgate/indexn?blogid=3
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19426

Regional: Washington State

Winter Driving [Washington State]
Fact sheets and other materials on safe winter driving in Washington state. Topics include preparing your vehicle for winter driving, traction tires, studded tires (concerns, research, history in Washington state, and other reports), de-icing and anti-icing, and more. From the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT).
URL: http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/winter/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19411

Regions of the World

The Future of Democracy in Russia: The Lesson of Perestroika and the Question of the Communist Party
Transcript of the 1993 Sanford S. Elberg Lecture in International Studies, given by Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev, discussing the Soviet restructuring policy of "perestroika" under Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s. In addition to the lecture, the site contains a biography of Yakovlev (who died in October 2005) and a 1996 interview with Yakovlev. From the Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley.
URL: http://globetrotter.berkeley.edu/Elberg/Yakovlev/yak-elb1.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19424

Hurricane Wilma Hits Mexico Coast
October 2005 article about the effects of Hurricane Wilma on the "leading resorts of Mexico's Yucatan peninsula." Includes a map of the hurricane's path, a video clip of the hurricane, reader updates and photos, and links to related stories. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4362076.stm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19439

Revelations From the Russian Archives
This companion website to a 1992 Library of Congress exhibit contains documents made available by the Russian Archival Committee, covering "the entire range of Soviet history from the October Revolution of 1917 to the failed coup of August 1991." Exhibit topics include Joseph Stalin, the murder of Sergei Kirov, the secret police, Gulag labor camps, the Ukrainian famine, Chernobyl, perestroika ("Mikhail Gorbachev's program of economic, political, and social restructuring"), relations with the U.S. (including the Cold War), and more.
URL: http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19422

Science

Aging Infrastructure: Dam Safety
September 2005 Congressional Research Service (CRS) report analyzing U.S. dam safety activities. Topics include dam failure risks, federal and state dam safety management, reduction of dam failures, and rehabilitation of federal and nonfederal dams. Includes data charts and tables. From the Center for Democracy & Technology. Note: The Congressional Research Service does not make its publications directly available online. Opens directly into a PDF file.
URL: http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/RL33108_20050929.pdf
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19442

Heritage Apples: Delicious -- With a Hint of History
Article about the history of "heritage, antique, or heirloom apples," which usually derive from plants first grown in early America. These "small, multi-hued fruits ... [have] a fragrance and taste as individual as their historical names." Also provides a description of some heritage apple varieties (such as the Cox orange pippin and Orleans reinette) and tips for storage. From the website for the San Francisco Chronicle.
URL: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/10/15/HOGNHF7ARM...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19360

Hurricane Season
Compilation of radio programs and related material about the 2005 hurricane season, which included Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma (which hit Mexico, Cuba, and Florida). Also includes an article about the operation of the evacuation plans in Texas and Louisiana prior to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. From National Public Radio (NPR).
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/topics/topic.php?topicId=1093
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19466

Hurricane Wilma News
A collection of links to news about Hurricane Wilma (2005). Covers the hurricane's effects on Florida, Mexico, and Cuba, with news about preparation and damage, and sports and business consequences. From the electronic magazine Safety Issues.
URL: http://www.safetyissues.org/wilma/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19419

Society & Social Science

Montgomery Bus Boycott
"Sparked by Rosa Parks' arrest on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was an eleven-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that public bus segregation is unconstitutional." This brief essay discusses the boycott and the events surrounding the act. Includes a bibliography and links to related material. From the Martin Luther King Papers Project, Stanford University.
URL: http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/about_king/encyclopedia/bus_boycott...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19460

An Overview of the Coptic Christians of Egypt
Information about the "history of the Coptic Church in Egypt [which] is basically the history of Christianity in Egypt, for the current Coptic Church is a direct evolution from those earlier times." Also includes information about the Coptic Church today, the Coptic religious calendar, and Coptic services. Includes a short bibliography and images of Coptic churches. From an Egyptian travel site.
URL: http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/copticchristians.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19453


LII New This Week

Thanks for reading LII New This Week!

Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder