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Before this week's collection, I couldn't even pronounce "palimpsest," let alone define it. This week's offering also features the history of the Web, school lunches, sea urchins, Benjamin Harrison, healthy lawns, and several delightful exhibits underwritten by a project we are doing with California Digital Library. Bon appetit from librarians Karen, Wendy, Jennifer, Maria, Pat, Charlotte, and Tom.
Tip of the Week
Some say "it's the most wonderful time of the year"--back-to-school time, that is. The LII topic page on education has many terrific resources. Bon appetit!
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Americans for the Arts
The organization responsible for annual events such as the National Arts Awards and the Public Leadership on the Arts Awards ("in cooperation with the U.S. Conference of Mayors"). Find news, details about programs and award-recipients back to the late 1990s, and more.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22269
A palimpsest is "a manuscript written on a surface from which one or more earlier writings have been erased as completely as possible." The tenth-century Archimedes Palimpsest is a source for two Archimedes Treatises, "The Method" and "Stomachion," and for the Greek text of "On Floating Bodies." Find background on the manuscript and its conservation, scholarship activities of the Walters Art Museum, and related news items. From the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22264
Dog Days of Summer
Collection of images from this exhibition "exploring the dog as it is represented in photography, video, and film." Includes an introductory essay and works by Diane Arbus, Will Connell, Eadweard Muybridge ("Animal Locomotion"), William Wegman, and others. From the California Museum of Photography, University of California, Riverside.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22155
French and Italian Painting of the 18th Century
Introduction to the evolving artistic styles in 18th century France and Italy, during which time the "taste for rococo -- intimate and charming subjects painted in pastel colors -- gave way by mid-century to the simpler, more restrained forms of neoclassical art." Includes annotated images of works by artists such as François Boucher, Jean-Honoré Fragonard, and Antoine Watteau. From the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22270
The Scholastic Art & Writing Awards
These awards "have celebrated [more than] 80 years as a unique presence in our nation's classrooms by identifying and documenting outstanding achievement of young artists and writers in the visual and literary arts." The site features entry rules, galleries of works by award recipients back to 2001, and material about alumni and judges.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22268
Still Things Fall From the Sky
Collection of images of diverse types of artwork from an exhibition "dedicated to the immense, limitless, and utterly quotidian subject of the sky and things that fall from it." Features an introductory essay and a gallery of prints, photographs, sculpture, and video stills. From the California Museum of Photography, University of California, Riverside.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22151
AAP Recommends Shopping Cart Restrictions for Children
This set of documents provides policy recommendations regarding the prevention of shopping cart injuries to children. It includes a page for parents, recommending that "parents consider alternatives to placing children in shopping carts, until carts are redesigned to prevent injury." Also features a technical report and policy statement ("Shopping Cart-Related Injuries to Children") with suggestions for business and industry. From the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22249
First U.S. Web Site: Documentation of the Early Web at SLAC (1991-1994)
This collection documents the installation of the first United States Web server at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). Features a chronology, images of the first SLAC Web pages, a list of some of the people involved in Web activities at SLAC (along with publications such as "The Virtual Library in Action"), and other related documents. From Archivist Jean Marie Deken of the SLAC Archives and History Office.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22259
History of the creation of the Web in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee and of the origins of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), founded in 1994. Highlights include Berners-Lee's original proposal for the Web, a biography and FAQ from Berners-Lee, and archival documents about the organization and uses of the Web. From W3C.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22255
Where the Web Was Born
History of the invention of the World Wide Web (WWW) in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research). "The basic idea of WWW was to merge the technologies of personal computers, computer networking and hypertext into a powerful and easy to use global information system." Discusses early Web pages, Web servers, browsers, how the Web is not identical to the Internet, and how the Web works. From CERN.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22257
This site is a resource for teachers of American government and civics that "provides information about the U.S. Congress — how it works, its members and leaders, and the public policies it produces." It includes "lesson plans and historical materials and up-to-the-minute information about Congress." Also find a glossary and links to related sites. From the Dirksen Congressional Center.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22243
Cuba Documentation Project
Collection of declassified U.S. government documents related to Cuba, covering the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Bay of Pigs invasion, the death of Che Guevara, relations between Fidel Castro and John F. Kennedy, and U.S.-Cuba "baseball diplomacy." Part of the National Security Archive at George Washington University Library.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22265
Consumer Reports: Nursing Home Guide
This August 2006 report on the nursing home industry discusses problems with nursing home care, how to find a good nursing home (including tips for visiting and observing nursing homes), who pays for care, how to ensure good care, the difficulties with suing a nursing home, and related topics. Includes a list of the "deficient dozen" homes noted for poor care (three of which are in California). From Consumer Reports.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22250
The President Benjamin Harrison Home
Website for the museum in Indiana located in the former home of the "23rd president (serving from 1889-1893), ... [who] was also the centennial president, inaugurated 100 years after George Washington." The site features illustrated essays about his early years, activities during the Civil War, legal career, and presidency. Also includes a virtual tour of the museum and online exhibits on topics such as "Death in the White House" and Ellis Island.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22254
Fact and Fiction in the Mother Load: The Legend of Joaquin Murieta
Background about the California Mother Lode's legendary bandit Joaquin Murieta. "In 1854, a San Francisco journalist who wrote under the pen-name 'Yellow Bird,' published a sensational and highly fictional account of the life of Joaquin Murieta," and "throughout Gold Country, the Murieta legend grew and flourished." Includes a brief bibliography. From a living history reenactment group.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22251
Sea Urchin Fishery
Reports and data about sea urchin fisheries in California, including catch by diver and region, catch by fishing location, and sea urchin diver ages. Also includes meeting minutes from the previous year, status of fisheries reports on the red sea urchin and purple sea urchin, and related documents. From the California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Region.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22252
Tony Culver: Memorial Retrospective
Collection of photographs by this street photographer "shot over the decade of the mid 80s to the mid 90s [that] speak to his fascination with Southern California culture." Includes an introductory essay and a small collection of photographs of people on the street and beaches of Southern California. From the California Museum of Photography, University of California, Riverside.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22277
The UC Guide to Healthy Lawns
"All you need to know to grow a lawn [in California] using little or no pesticide." Contains illustrated guidelines for identifying and managing different species of turfgrass, preparing a site and planting turf, renovating lawns, lawn care for new and established lawns, and managing pests and diseases. Also includes links to related publications (some only available for a fee). From the Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program (IPM), University of California, Davis.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22112
Flying Heritage Collection
The mission of this Washington state organization is to "collect, restore, fly and preserve combat aircraft and artifacts representing technological, ideological, political, and economic views of aerial conflict in the 20th century, with emphasis on World War II and the Cold War era." The site features images of planes on display, video clips, and details about making an appointment for a guided tour of the facility in Arlington, Washington.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22161
Washington State University Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center: Postharvest Information Network
Materials about the proper care and handling of tree fuit by producers after harvesting, for these Washington state crops: apples, pears, cherries, and stone fruit. Find articles on diseases and disorders, improving quality and flavor, marketing, packaging, storage, and shipping for specific varieties such as Gala and Fuji apples, Anjou and Bosc pears, and Rainier and Lambert cherries. Also includes general material about postharvest practices such as use of chemicals.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22201
Digital maps of Cuba, including country maps, city maps for Havana, and detailed maps of Guantanamo Bay and Santiago de Cuba. Also provides historical maps, and maps showing economic activity, land utilization, population, and sugar industry operations. From the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas at Austin.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22267
Gilmer Civil Wars Maps Collection
"The Gilmer maps are an extensive group of Civil War maps, including both manuscript maps and printed maps with manuscript annotations and engineers' drawings of military construction," housed in the Manuscripts Department of the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The site "includes 161 maps representative of the entire southern region, with particularly large groupings of North Carolina and Virginia maps. Most of the maps are dated 1861-1865."
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22247
The "Planemo" Twins: Astronomers Discover Double Planetary Mass Object
This release describes the 2006 discovery of "an approximately seven-Jupiter-mass companion to an object that is itself only twice as hefty. Both objects have masses similar to those of extra-solar giant planets, but they are not in orbit around a star -- instead they appear to circle each other." Includes photos and links to releases related to these planetary mass objects (planemos). From the European Southern Observatory (ESO), an intergovernmental, European organization for astronomical research.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22261
Secrets of the Sexes
Companion to a 2005 BBC television series about gender differences that considered the question, "Are men and women's brains wired differently?" Features the "Sex ID test, a series of visual challenges and questions used by psychologists" in the television series, and articles on topics such as empathizing, handedness, and facial attractiveness. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21844
Stanford University School of Medicine: Center for Narcolepsy
Background about the serious sleep disorder of narcolepsy ("main symptoms of narcolepsy are excessive daytime sleepiness and abnormal REM sleep"), and about research efforts at this center. Features a FAQ, essay about the history of research into this disorder, video clips of narcoleptic dogs, technical publications, material about medicines for treatment, and links to related sites. Also includes information about the "'Brain Donation Program" in which brain tissue is donated for study.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/22248
Rethinking School Lunch
Collection of resources for developing school lunch programs "to address the crisis in childhood obesity, provide nutrition education, and teach ecological knowledge." The "Rethinking School Lunch Guide" addresses food policy, curriculum integration, finances, facility design, waste management, and other school lunch topics. Site also includes "A Visual Guide to Integrated School Lunch Curriculum," a model wellness policy guide, and a food policy essay series. From the Center for Ecoliteracy, a grantmaking foundation.
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/21780
Thanks for reading LII New This Week!
Jennifer English, Liaison to Califa Library Group
Wendy Hyman, Senior Editor
Maria Brandt, Associate Editor
Charlotte Bagby, Senior Weeder