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|Rutherford Birchard Hayes 19th President of the United States (March 4, 1877 to March 3, 1881) Nickname: “Dark-Horse President” Born: October 4, 1822, in Delaware, Ohio Died: January 17, 1893, at Spiegel Grove in Fremont, Ohio|
Father: Rutherford Hayes Mother: Sophia Birchard Hayes Married: Lucy Ware Webb Hayes (1831-1889), on December 30, 1852 Children: Birchard Austin Hayes (1853-1926); Webb Cook Hayes (1856-1934); Rutherford Platt Hayes (1858-1927); Joseph Thompson Hayes (1861-63); George Crook Hayes (1864-66); Fanny Hayes (1867-1950); Scott Russell Hayes (1871-1923); Manning Force Hayes (1873-74) Religion: No formal affiliation Education: Graduated from Kenyon College (1842) and Harvard Law School (1845) Occupation: Lawyer Political Party: Republican Other Government Positions:
- Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1865-67
- Governor of Ohio, 1868-72
- Governor of Ohio, 1876-77
Presidential Salary: $50,000/year
|Year||Popular Votes||Electoral Votes|
|1876||Rutherford B. Hayes||4,036,572||185|
|Samuel J. Tilden||4,284,020||184|
Vice President: William A. Wheeler (1877-81) Cabinet:
- Secretary of State
- William M. Evarts (1877-81)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- John Sherman (1877-81)
- Secretary of War
- George W. McCrary (1877-79)
- Alexander Ramsey (1879-81)
- Attorney General
- Charles Devens (1877-81)
- Postmaster General
- David M. Key (1877-80)
- Horace Maynard (1880-81)
- Secretary of the Navy
- Richard W. Thompson (1877-80)
- Nathan Goff, Jr. (1881)
- Secretary of the Interior
- Carl Schurz (1877-81)
Supreme Court Appointments:
- Federal troops withdrew from the South ending Reconstruction..
- Striking railroad workers and federal troops clashed.
- Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act passed despite Hayes veto.
- Rutherford B. Hayes — from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- Rutherford B. Hayes — from American Presidents: Life Portraits — C-SPAN
- Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN’s 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
- Rutherford B. Hayes — from U.S. Presidents
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center
- The first presidential library, the home, tomb and museum about the life of Hayes. Biographical and tourist information available.
- Hayes’ father died a few months before he was born.
- Of the five presidents who served in the Civil War, Hayes was the only one to be wounded.
- Arriving in San Francisco on September 8, 1880, Hayes became the first president to visit the West Coast while in office.
- Hayes was the first president to graduate from law school.
- Mrs. Hayes was known as “Lemonade Lucy” because she refused to serve alcohol in the White House.
- Lucy Hayes was the first First Lady to have graduated from college.
- He won the presidency by only one electoral vote.
- He signed the act that permitted women to plead before the Supreme Court.
- The first White House telephone was installed, by Alexander Graham Bell himself, during the Hayes administration.
- The first Easter egg roll on the White House lawn was conducted by Hayes and his wife.
©1996-2008. Robert S. Summers. All rights reserved.