Woodrow Wilson

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Portrait, Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson 28th President of the United States (March 4, 1913 to March 3, 1921) Nickname: “Schoolmaster in Politics” Born: December 28, 1856, in Staunton, Virginia Died: February 3, 1924, in Washington, D.C.

Father: Joseph Ruggles Wilson Mother: Jessie Janet Woodrow Wilson Married: Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (1860-1914), on June 24, 1885; Edith Bolling Galt Wilson (1872-1961), on December 18 , 1915 Children: Margaret Woodrow Wilson (1886-1944); Jessie Woodrow Wilson (1887-1933); Eleanor Randolph Wilson (1889-1967) Religion: Presbyterian Education: Graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) (1879) Occupation: Teacher, public official Political Party: Democrat Other Government Positions:

  • Governor of New Jersey, 1911-13

Presidential Salary: $75,000/year

Presidential Election Results:
YearPopular VotesElectoral Votes
1912Woodrow Wilson6,296,547435
tiny U.S. flagTheodore Roosevelt4,118,57188
tiny U.S. flagWilliam H. Taft3,486,7208
1916Woodrow Wilson9,127,695277
Charles Evans Hughes8,533,507254

Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall (1913-21) Cabinet:

Secretary of State
William J. Bryan (1913-15)
Robert Lansing (1915-20)
Bainbridge Colby (1920-21)
Secretary of the Treasury
William G. McAdoo (1913-18)
Carter Glass (1918-20)
David F. Houston (1920-21)
Secretary of War
Lindley M. Garrison (1913-16)
Newton D. Baker (1916-21)
Attorney General
James C. McReynolds (1913-14)
Thomas W. Gregory (1914-19)
Alexander M. Palmer (1919-21)
Postmaster General
Albert S. Burleson (1913-21)
Secretary of the Navy
Josephus Daniels (1913-21)
Secretary of the Interior
Franklin K. Lane (1913-20)
John B. Payne (1920-21)
Secretary of Agriculture
David F. Houston (1913-20)
Edwin T. Meredith (1920-21)
Secretary of Commerce
William C. Redfield (1913-19)
Joshua W. Alexander (1919-21)
Secretary of Labor
William B. Wilson (1913-21)

Supreme Court Appointments:

Associate Justice
James Clark McReynolds (1914-41)
Louis Dembitz Brandeis (1916-39)
John Hessin Clarke (1916-22)

Notable Events:

  • 1914-1918
    • World War I

Internet Biographies:

Woodrow Wilson — from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
Woodrow Wilson — from American Presidents: Life Portraits — C-SPAN
Biographical information, trivia, key events, video, and other reference materials. Website created to accompany C-SPAN’s 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits.
Woodrow Wilson — from U.S. Presidents
From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.

Historical Documents:

First Inaugural Address (1913)
Second Inaugural Address (1917)
Declaration of Neutrality (1914)
First Warning to the Germans (1915)
First Lusitania Note to Germany (1915)
Protest to Germany (1915)
On the Sussex Case (1916)
Fourteen Points Speech (1918)

Media Resources:

Speaking about democratic principles. (0:30)
MP3 (289K)
From the Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University.

Other Internet Resources:

Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library and Museum
This Staunton, Virginia site contains tourist information and a virtual tour of the home where Wilson was born. Wilson’s 1919 Pierce-Arrow Limousine is the jewel of the museum’s collection.
Woodrow Wilson House
Tourist information and history of the Washington, D.C. house where Wilson lived from 1920 until his death.

Points of Interest:

Previous President: tiny U.S. flagWilliam Howard Taft | Next President: tiny U.S. flagWarren Gamaliel Harding

©1996-2008. Robert S. Summers. All rights reserved.

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