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States – Ranked by Size & Population – ipl Stately Knowledge: Facts about the United States

States
Ranked by Size & Population

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See the Area Measurement section of the U.S. Census’s Census 2000 Geographic Definitions page for definitions of Size, Land Area, and Water Area.

Source for Population and Population Density: Resident Population Data – 2010 Census

Source for Size, Land Area, and Water Area: United States — States; and Puerto Rico – GCT-PH1. – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 – Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data

Note that our rankings for population density do not match our source includes Puerto Rico.

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States Ranked by Population

States in the US are all very different from each other. So, it comes as no surprise that they have very different population estimates. Also, since the resident population of the United States continues to grow, state populations are in a constant state of flux. As of February 2021, the population of the United States is slightly over 330 million.

The United States Census Bureau’s population statistics encompass the 50 states, the District of Columbia and the five US territories, including Puerto Rico. The official Census takes into account the total number of people residing in the US, including citizens, permanent residents, and long-term visitors. Federal employees serving abroad, both civilian and military, as well as their dependents, are counted in their home state.

This population of the United States is unevenly distributed across all states and territories. Generally speaking, states located around the border – East Coast, West Coast and the South – are more populous than those that are more interior – the Midwest and the Great Plains. There are a few exceptions to this rule; the state of Illinois, for example, is located in the Midwest but is highly populated, mainly in the Chicago area.

The table below lists all US states ranked by population.

Rank by Populations
RankStatePopulation
All United States308,745,538
1California37,253,956
2Texas25,145,561
3New York19,378,102
4Florida18,801,310
5Illinois12,830,632
6Pennsylvania12,702,379
7Ohio11,536,504
8Michigan9,883,640
9Georgia9,687,653
10North Carolina9,535,483
11New Jersey8,791,894
12Virginia8,001,024
13Washington6,724,540
14Massachusetts6,547,629
15Indiana6,483,802
16Arizona6,392,017
17Tennessee6,346,105
18Missouri5,988,927
19Maryland5,773,552
20Wisconsin5,686,986
21Minnesota5,303,925
22Colorado5,029,196
23Alabama4,779,736
24South Carolina4,625,364
25Louisiana4,533,372
26Kentucky4,339,367
27Oregon3,831,074
28Oklahoma3,751,351
29Connecticut3,574,097
30Iowa3,046,355
31Mississippi2,967,297
32Arkansas2,915,918
33Kansas2,853,118
34Utah2,763,885
35Nevada2,700,551
36New Mexico2,059,179
37West Virginia1,852,994
38Nebraska1,826,341
39Idaho1,567,582
40Hawaii1,360,301
41Maine1,328,361
42New Hampshire1,316,470
43Rhode Island1,052,567
44Montana989,415
45Delaware897,934
46South Dakota814,180
47Alaska710,231
48North Dakota672,591
49Vermont625,741
50Washington, D. C.601,723
51Wyoming563,626

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States Ranked by Size (Total Area)

The United States is the third largest country in the world by area and ranks just behind Russia and Canada. All 50 states in the US vary drastically in area. The largest state, Alaska (663267.26 square miles) is more than 400 times larger than Rhode Island (1,545.05), the smallest state. In the US, a large area does not mean a large population. Texas (268,580.82 square miles), for example, is bigger than California (163,695.57 square miles) but California is more populous with 39,776,830 residents than Texas, which has 28,704,330 residents.
When it comes to size comparison, Alaska is staggeringly big; bigger than the next three largest states (Texas, California and Montana) combined, and twice the size of the second largest state, Texas. The smallest state, Rhode Island (1,545.05 square miles), the smallest state, could fit into Alaska nearly 486 times. And if Washington DC (68.34 square miles) were a state, it would certainly be the smallest.
The 10 largest states by area – Alaska, Texas, California, Montana, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado, Oregon and Wyoming – are located west of the Mississippi River. The 7 smallest states – Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, and Rhode Island – are among the 13 original colonies and are located in the northeast part of the country.
The table below lists all US states ranked by size.
Rank by Size (Total Area)
RankStateSize
(land & water)
(square miles)
All United States3,794,083.06
1Alaska663,267.26
2Texas268,580.82
3California163,695.57
4Montana147,042.40
5New Mexico121,589.48
6Arizona113,998.30
7Nevada110,560.71
8Colorado104,093.57
9Oregon98,380.64
10Wyoming97,813.56
11Michigan96,716.11
12Minnesota86,938.87
13Utah84,898.83
14Idaho83,570.08
15Kansas82,276.84
16Nebraska77,353.73
17South Dakota77,116.49
18Washington71,299.64
19North Dakota70,699.79
20Oklahoma69,898.19
21Missouri69,704.31
22Florida65,754.59
23Wisconsin65,497.82
24Georgia59,424.77
25Illinois57,914.38
26Iowa56,271.55
27New York54,556.00
28North Carolina53,818.51
29Arkansas53,178.62
30Alabama52,419.02
31Louisiana51,839.70
32Mississippi48,430.19
33Pennsylvania46,055.24
34Ohio44,824.90
35Virginia42,774.20
36Tennessee42,143.27
37Kentucky40,409.02
38Indiana36,417.73
39Maine35,384.65
40South Carolina32,020.20
41West Virginia24,229.76
42Maryland12,406.68
43Hawaii10,930.98
44Massachusetts10,554.57
45Vermont9,614.26
46New Hampshire9,349.94
47New Jersey8,721.30
48Connecticut5,543.33
49Delaware2,489.27
50Rhode Island1,545.05
51Washington, D. C.68.34

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States Ranked by Land Area

Rank by Land Area
RankStateLand Area
(square miles)
All United States3,537,438.44
1Alaska571,951.26
2Texas261,797.12
3California155,959.34
4Montana145,552.43
5New Mexico121,355.53
6Arizona113,634.57
7Nevada109,825.99
8Colorado103,717.53
9Wyoming97,100.40
10Oregon95,996.79
11Idaho82,747.21
12Utah82,143.65
13Kansas81,814.88
14Minnesota79,610.08
15Nebraska76,872.41
16South Dakota75,884.64
17North Dakota68,975.93
18Missouri68,885.93
19Oklahoma68,667.06
20Washington66,544.06
21Georgia57,906.14
22Michigan56,803.82
23Iowa55,869.36
24Illinois55,583.58
25Wisconsin54,310.10
26Florida53,926.82
27Arkansas52,068.17
28Alabama50,744.00
29North Carolina48,710.88
30New York47,213.79
31Mississippi46,906.96
32Pennsylvania44,816.61
33Louisiana43,561.85
34Tennessee41,217.12
35Ohio40,948.38
36Kentucky39,728.18
37Virginia39,594.07
38Indiana35,866.90
39Maine30,861.55
40South Carolina30,109.47
41West Virginia24,077.73
42Maryland9,773.82
43Vermont9,249.56
44New Hampshire8,968.10
45Massachusetts7,840.02
46New Jersey7,417.34
47Hawaii6,422.62
48Connecticut4,844.80
49Delaware1,953.56
50Rhode Island1,044.93
51Washington, D. C.61.4

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States Ranked by Water Area

Rank by Water Area
RankStateWater Area
(square miles)
All United States256,644.62
1Alaska91,316.00
2Michigan39,912.28
3Florida11,827.77
4Wisconsin11,187.72
5Louisiana8,277.85
6California7,736.23
7New York7,342.22
8Minnesota7,328.79
9Texas6,783.70
10North Carolina5,107.63
11Washington4,755.58
12Maine4,523.10
13Hawaii4,508.36
14Ohio3,876.53
15Virginia3,180.13
16Utah2,755.18
17Massachusetts2,714.55
18Maryland2,632.86
19Oregon2,383.85
20Illinois2,330.79
21South Carolina1,910.73
22North Dakota1,723.86
23Alabama1,675.01
24Mississippi1,523.24
25Georgia1,518.63
26Montana1,489.96
27New Jersey1,303.96
28Pennsylvania1,238.63
29South Dakota1,231.85
30Oklahoma1,231.13
31Arkansas1,110.45
32Tennessee926.15
33Idaho822.87
34Missouri818.39
35Nevada734.71
36Wyoming713.16
37Connecticut698.53
38Kentucky680.85
39Indiana550.83
40Delaware535.71
41Rhode Island500.12
42Nebraska481.31
43Kansas461.96
44Iowa402.2
45New Hampshire381.84
46Colorado376.04
47Vermont364.7
48Arizona363.73
49New Mexico233.96
50West Virginia152.03
51Washington, D. C.6.94

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States Ranked by Population Density

Rank by Population Density
(number of people
per square mile of land area)
RankStatePopulation Density
All United States79.6
1Washington, D. C.9,856.50
2New Jersey1,195.50
3Rhode Island1,018.10
4Massachusetts839.4
5Connecticut738.1
6Maryland594.8
8Delaware460.8
7New York411.2
9Florida350.6
11Pennsylvania283.9
10Ohio282.3
13California239.1
12Illinois231.1
14Hawaii211.8
15Virginia202.6
18North Carolina196.1
17Indiana181
16Michigan174.8
19Georgia168.4
20Tennessee153.9
22South Carolina153.9
21New Hampshire147
24Kentucky109.9
25Wisconsin105
23Louisiana104.9
26Washington101.2
29Texas96.3
27Alabama94.4
28Missouri87.1
30West Virginia77.1
31Vermont67.9
32Minnesota66.6
33Mississippi63.2
37Arizona56.3
35Arkansas56
36Oklahoma54.7
34Iowa54.5
38Colorado48.5
39Maine43.1
40Oregon39.9
41Kansas34.9
42Utah33.6
44Nevada24.6
43Nebraska23.8
45Idaho19
46New Mexico17
47South Dakota10.7
48North Dakota9.7
49Montana6.8
50Wyoming5.8
51Alaska1.2

 

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