After that, an insane United States Air Force General called Jack Ripper ordered an officer named Lionel Mandrake to initiate an alert in their military base. At the same time in the Pentagon, the leader George C. Scott and his officers were in a state of shock when Ripper made that order. They were in a situation of a surprise because Ripper had to take permission before starting any military attack. After that incident, Jack Ripper continued in acting like a President by commanding new things. He ordered the B-52 crew who was trying to deliver some cargo to attack the Soviet Union with the nuclear weapons they have.
This all changed once Castro was in power. He started removing all the American influence which Batista had allowed in Cuba by nationalizing the industry, economy, re-distributing the land and confiscating American business and agricultural belongings (Britannica). However; Castro could not do this without directly affecting the American interests in Cuba (history.com). Thus, turning to a big anti-American power like the Soviet Union was an option that Castro chose to guarantee himself and the nations security. Professor Jutta Weldes mentions in Constructing National Interests that "elements of the Castro movement were engaged in anti-American activities even during the
With his advisers, he decided on a naval blockade to prevent Russian ships delivering the missiles for the Cuban sites. Monday 22 October Kennedy announces a naval blockade of Cuba. B52 nuclear bombers are deployed, so that one-eighth of them are airborne all the time. Kennedy warns of a full retaliatory response, if any missile is launched from Cuba. Tuesday 23 October Khrushchev explains that the missile sites are "solely to defend Cuba against the attack of an aggressor".
On May 1972, Nixon and Brezhnev from Moscow, limited anti-ballistic missiles into two departments with the SALT I agreement. After the U.S. backed Israel in its war against Syria and Egypt which had been trying to regain territory lost in the Six-Day War, the Arab nations imposed an oil embargo, which strictly limited oil in the U.S. and caused a fuel crisis. As if that wasn't enough, he was also involved in the Watergate Scandal which involved the abuse of power and bribery, The scandal was when people broke into the Democratic National Committee under the direction of White House
However, Fidel Castro’s ideology during his rise to power was being primarily nationalist , with a turn towards communism by the end of the Cuban revolution. Castro said that he wanted to elevate the standards of the Cuban people and this is what he did and why people joined him. Fidel Castro’s rise to power began on the 26th July of 1953, also known as the ‘July movement’ where Castro along with other rebels tried to "capture the Moncada army barracks in downtown Santiago de Cuba.”. Its aim was to take over this military site but this attempt failed. This event can be regarded as being a failure but it is an important factor in Fidel Castro’s rise to power as it led Castro and other rebels to face trials, trials in which Fidel Castro was sentenced to 15 years of prison.
I would like to introduce the movie of “Thirteen Days”. It’s the story of the 1963 Cuban Missile Crisis based on the book by May and Zelikow titled The Kennedy Tapes: Inside the White House during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Cuba set up to take this piece of a missile from a US reconnaissance plane began to lift the successful conclusion of the crisis, which is full of the story climaxes with a touch of tension pole made of the most successful, the viewer although clearly know the outcome is peaceful, but it still will be attracted to the story, and have a sense of empathy crisis. I'm a little bit query this film background, he was taken from the 1998 23-hour real meeting tapes published book: "Cuban Missile Crisis, John F. Kennedy in the White House" (The Kennedy Tapes - Inside the White House during the Cuban Missile Crisis) film adaptation, and reliability is quite high. Superstar Kevin Ke Sina national security adviser to President Kennedy played around, Kenny Erving Tanner, which President Kennedy and their brother, together in 1962 to resolve the world's most dangerous 13 days.
In 1962 American Jupiter missiles were in Turkey, which were in range to attack soviet targets. With both sides well armed and ready to strike, America realised that they would be in an all out nuclear war against Russia, this must be avoided for this would escalate the war making it a hot war. After both Kennedy and the soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had a long negotiation, an agreement was reached between Kennedy and Khrushchev. Publicly, the Soviets would disarm their Ballistic missiles in Cuba and return
The Cuban Missile Address is delivered October 22nd, 1962 in the Presidential office through a major radio and television address (Podell, Anzovin, and States United 705). Historically, it is worth mentioning that United States had attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro, who was at the time Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, in at least two occasions known as the Bay of Pigs Operation and Operation Mongoose, because of his communist regime and close relationship with the Soviet Union (Pious). Then, after the Bay of Pigs incident, Fidel Castro urged Nikita Khrushchev, the Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to send support and weapons to Cuba, because of the fear of another attack to his person/regime, Nikita did by sending missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction, hence, this major crisis that lasted 14 days ending October 28, 1962 (Deinema and Leydesdorff). In addition, the target audience for this speech is the American people as President starts his speech with the phrase, “Good evening, my fellow citizens” (Kennedy); however, the secondary audience would be the Cuban people, whom he describes as captive people, the Soviet Union leaders, whom he directly addresses and even quotes, and Fidel Castro of course (Kennedy). As noted above, the cultural, socio-political context is important to understand the seriousness of this crisis and
In consequence to this threatening attack of the U.S. Castro approached Khrushchev for economic and military support to stand up against Kennedy. Khrushchev and Castro thought that the Soviet missiles landing in Cuba would be the perfect recipe to get to an advantage in the war against Capitalism, and secure Socialist Cuba at the same time. In this manner, Castro and the Cubans were being defensive in their action of seeking help from the Soviet Union and merely placing nuclear missiles in Cuba; it cannot be termed to be aggression against the United States of America if it was a measure undertaken to secure a nation. It is safe to start by turning the tables and looking back to the time when the US was in the shoes of USSR. Was there anything wrong about the British becoming allies, and seeking for the help from the
The U.S fears Ramius plans an unauthorized nuclear strike against the United States. Conversely, Ryan thinks that Ramius instead plans to defect and not to attack. To prove his theory, Ryan would board the USS Dallas so they can contact Ramius. Meanwhile, Tupolev guesses his former mentor 's route and sets a course to intercept. With Ryan’s intention to prove his theory right, he convinces Mancuso to contact Ramius and offer assistance.