Tom was accused of raping a white woman who was Mayella Ewell, Mayella said he raped her while he was helping her with chores. She later on tells the readers that it was false allegations. The reason why she didn 't tell the truth at her first trial was because, Mayella was afraid of being embarrassed because she kissed a black male. She rather have an innocent man get charged with a crime than that. “However, Robinson was transferred from the state prison to Maycomb 's county jail on Saturday, two days before he stood trial on Monday, and Atticus had to defend him against a lynch mob”.
In the slave 's statements, they planned to rape the women or make them wives. The statements used words such as “ravish them,” “take the ladies for wives,” “ride the ladies,” and the list goes on.3 No previous slave revolt ever included the raping of women in previous uprisings. The raping of white women rose from the white man 's fear of the slaves.
America, the land of the free, but is that true? The book The New Jim Crow raises many questions and forces its readers to reconsider the way we think about our judicial systems. Michelle Alexander brings up 6 main themes that we need to consider, the first one being The New Jim Crow. This is the main theme of the author’s work. She believes that our current American system of mass incarceration due to the rise in drug related arrested, is an attempt to neglect people of color, the same way that the Jim Crow laws had targeted African Americans in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Who knows if this is true, Emmett could have been killed simply because he was black, or he might have done the things that he was accused of. If Emmett would have been white, then nothing would 've happened to him, but he was black so they killed him. This story was completely true. Tom Robinson was accused of raping Mayella Ewell of Maycomb county in Alabama.
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett commonly known as Ida B Wells was one of the nation 's most vocal anti-lynch activist of her time.(Steptoe) It all started when three of her African American friends were lynched after they opened up a store, the People’s Grocery, which competed well with a white owned grocery store nearby. A white mob attacked the People’s Grocery and three white men were injured, the owners of the store were then jailed when they were later broken out and lynched. This infuriated Wells and she wrote after the incident urging African Americans to leave Memphis, “There is, therefore, only one thing left to do; save our money and leave a town which will neither protect our lives and property, nor give us a fair trial in the courts, but takes us out and murders us in cold blood when accused by white persons.” This caused some 6,000 African-Americans to leave Memphis while others started boycotts on white businesses.(Wikipedia)
Although they both write about criminal justice, Michelle Alexander’s book mostly focuses the statistics on African Americans who are in prison and on War on Drugs in the United States. For example who would go to prison for having a little bit of marijuana a tall, innocent African American male ? or an average size , troublemaker white male? and many of us would believe an African American because based on his race right?
In this PBS documentary, The murder of Emmett Till, Stan Nelson illustrates a racial hardship and crime against the African-American community. Lynching is a mob of Caucasian people that hang in African-American in a public place to show white supremacy. Emmett Tills murder trial was completely tried in a completely biased courtroom and there was even circumstantial evidence which places JW Millam and Roy Bryant kidnapping young Emmett Till, whose body was later found. I believe that in this murder and trial we see truly how far hatred and racism can rise by just one simple act. The murder of Emmett Till caused an uprise in the civil rights movement.
Annotated Bibliography Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press. Alexander opens up on the history of the criminal justice system, disciplinary crime policy and race in the U.S. detailing the ways in which crime policy and mass incarceration have worked together to continue the reduction and defeat of black Americans.
In addition to her experience as an educator and a practicing attorney, Meg Penrose has coauthored two textbooks and published multiple scholarly articles, book chapters, book reviews, essays, and editorials. Her work has appeared in a range of peer-reviewed journals including the Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly and the John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law. The USA Today also featured her in multiple news stories. During the Boston Marathon bomber trial, CNN 's Anderson Cooper turned to her for expert legal commentary. Accomplished Texas Title IX Attorney Mary Margaret Penrose
Some Attica prisoners began to identify themselves as political prisoners rather than convicted criminals. These events were the perfect concoction to create a four-day mass riot. The Monroe Fordham Regional History Center’s “Attica NOW!” collection contains interviews of Attica inmates who recount daily mistreatment from guards and rules that were abused by guards to punish inmates.
Which in turn, caused them to pay back society through labor and hard time. According to a speaker within 13th, Birth of a Nation accurately predicted how race was going to operate in the United States. The movie created a new wave of terrorism and was the main cause for the rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan. D.W Griffith created the burning cross symbol enclosed in the movie, and the Ku Klux Klan adopted it.
In her book, The New Jim Crow, Alexander argues the discrimination of jury selections which is an unfair of treatment for people of color under the law (The Fourth Amendment). Moreover, she provides more information about the juries and juror race-based selection in the justice system. The statistical shows that there is approximately 30 percent of black man are automatically banned or rejected from the jury service and many cases all black jurors are eliminated with the irrational explanations, such as the physical appearance, clothing style, and even marital status (Alexander, 2012). She also reports the interesting case of the two black men who was convicted of second degree robbery in a Missouri court. In addition, she emphasizes that during
“Women with child, but rippin up their bellies, tore them alive in pieces.”(Las Casas, Brevisima relacion de la destruction de las Indias) Las Casas wrote of how innocent, unborn children were killed. Natives were hung low, but high enough their feet did not reach the ground. “The erected certain Gibbets, large, but low made, so that their feet almost reached the ground… They made a fire to burn them to Ashes whilst hanging on them..” Fire was set underneath them, burning them alive.
James Horton’s wife, Lois E. Horton, is currently a professor of history at George Mason University. In previous years, she served on the scholarly advisory committee of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center. Lois and James Horton have coauthored numerous books that focused on African American communities and social change. The two co-wrote books such as Hard Road to Freedom, In Hope of
Therefore, if one was colored the trial wouldn’t be in their favor. The trials either would end in the conviction of death or the least likely, time in prison. In the Scottsboro Case and the book To Kill a Mockingbird the victims lived hard lives and were influenced by others. Aside from that the physical evidence was weak as well as the testimonies. The Scottsboro Case was the only crime in American History to produce many trials, convictions, and retrials as the alleged rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers on March 25, 1931 (Linder).