One goal was to ensure political, educational, social, and economic equality for all Americans. They also seek to remove all barriers of racial discrimination by using the democratic process. Another goal was to remove lynching and segregation from all public schools and buildings. Though one the NAACP’s main goal was for blacks to have equal rights just like whites. Also wanted blacks to have high-paying jobs and equal voting rights.
If a bus was filled and there were no places for white passengers on the bus to sit, then bus driver would ask the black passengers to give up their seats. By one person standing up for their rights and what they believe in caused a movement for change. Rosa Parks showed the qualities of a hero and embodied them, unlike Gilgamesh. She showed courage in refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man, which led to her arrest and not only the loss of her job but also her husband 's. She even received death threats for years.
Rosa Parks was an African American woman who disobeyed an order to give up her seat to a white man on the bus. She would then be dragged off the bus and was fined. This is the first well-known time that a black person had violated the segregation laws. Rosa’s brother had asked Martin Luther King Jr. to help with the boycott. He agreed and then he warned other ministers about the boycott.
After Rosa parks refused to give her seat to white passenger and was arrested. The black people decided to launch a boycott. It denoted all of African Americans walked instead of riding a bus. The boycotters hoped the bus companies would lose money and be forced to abandon their segregation policy. After a year bus boycott, a unit state’s District Court ruling in Browder V. Gayle banned racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses.
Without racial superiority in social status with politic and economy, tones of whites were willing to return to past life. Hence, when Ku Klux Klan (1872), an organization terrorized African Americans and supported desegregation appears, many whites agree even participate. Not only the poor whites and mobs, even high social status whites, like polices, lawyers and firemen join in “KKK”. In conclusion, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments conform to the liberty and equal spirit in the U.S. Constitution, which according to empower backs liberty with civil right and voting right. Even thought the Amendments’ limitation cannot avoid, they have landmark influence to the U.S. civil right and political rights.
This group of nine black teenagers broke racial barriers in white schools. Daisy Bates bravely(-ly) led the group, and on September 4, 1957, she led nine kids to a white school. Protesters, who (w-w) spat at and degraded the young children, surrounded the school. (1) Governor Orval Faubus sent the National Guard in to prevent the entrance of the Little Rock Nine into Little Rock High School. (5) Because (BC)(CL) this treatment was unfair, President Eisenhower discharged (SV) federal troops to escort the courageous (QA) teenagers into their first day of high school.
In fact as stated in Henry Louis Gates Jr’s Civil Rights Protest he elaborates on the police brutality African Americans experienced. In 1964 numerous black students stayed home to attend a non violent protest- rally to ensure a school boycott due to racial injustices in hopes to achieve racial harmony. This quickly backfired. The peaceful protest led to urban violence and horrific police brutality. After a white policemen shot and killed a Harlem teenager , African Americans apart of the NAACP and CORE began to attend non violent marches for justice of this young teen.
Two specific groups strongly opposed to the movement were the Ku Klux Klan andJohn Birch’s Society. The KKK was founded in 1866 and originally opposed the RepublicanParty’s policies aimed at establishing political and economic equality for blacks. The group soonbegan to despise African Americans as a whole and took on aggressive and evil acts to tormentthem. The Civil Rights Movement in particular saw an increase in KKK activity includingbombings of black schools and churches and violence against black and white activists. JohnBirch’s Society was founded in 1958 and severely opposed the Civil Rights Movement.
Thesis From the mid 1910s to the early 1960s there were many riots that occured, because of racial tensions built up between the the whites and the blacks world wide. Coming from Will Brown being accused of rapping a young white girl, and to Eugene Williams having rocks thrown at him causing him to drown. Segregation at this time was unjustified due to racism still being heavily considered as the right thing to do. These riots caused the United States to be even more segregated, due to unequal rights and no laws being created at the time to help and protect African Americans. During these riots there were cases of police brutality and whites being able to do whatever they choose to do, because they felt as if it was a justified reason to stop the African Americans from rioting.
White: The Supreme Color of Racism The era of oppression sparked major controversy in the African American community. Being fed up with the segregation of schools, busses, or even drinking fountains, many Civil Rights activists took a stand on racism. Minor protests began to arise as the movement for equal rights became clearer to the public. Rosa Parks and hundreds of other African Americans began boycotting Montgomery busses as a result of the segregation upon seats. Two years after the boycotting of the Montgomery busses, Martin Luther King Jr. began to surface in the public 's eye.
Civil disobedience does lead to progress, just like Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. disobeyed the laws which gave African Americans more rights. Rosa Parks is an American Civil Rights Activist. On Dec. 1, 1955, Parks disobeyed the bus driver when he told her to give up her seat in the colored section to a white person just because the white section was filled. She got arrested because she violated Alabama 's segregation laws. Although others African-Americans had already been arrested for the same thing, Park 's case went all the way to state, so she was the best candidate to challenge the court.
In 1954 the Supreme Court decided to make a historic decision and made it unconstitutional to make public schools segregated. 3 years after segregation was banned the south was still not accepting of the new rule so when nine students in Little Rock, Arkansas tried to join the white high school they were not accepted. At first, there were huge protests and violence to stop the kids but that still did not work. After that, the state called in the National Guard to keep the kids out but the kids became so popular in the news that the president sent in the actual Army to protect the kids and keep the rioters out. 5 years after that was a big step for the University of Mississippi because their first black student was admitted in 1962.
African Americans have had a long struggle to gain rights, but Little Rock Nine was a great deal for the Civil Rights Movement. On September 1957, nine African American students enrolled in a formerly all-white school - Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Their integration drastically impacted the Civil Rights Movement and this is what is known in history as Little Rock Nine. The Supreme Court ruling with Cooper vs. Aaron case in 1958 displeased the Governor of Arkansas. Governor Faubus could not pass legislation undermining the court 's ruling in Brown versus the Board of Education.
This decision being made was largely due to the young black student’s fierce protest against the injustice. In early 1951, many black virginian students protested against the injustice of the “separate but equal” mentality of the law. They revolted against the poor conditions common amongst black schools and the segregated educational system in general. Though the NAACP attempted to convince the protesters to conceal their protests, the relentlessness of the students showed through and the NAACP eventually joined the fight by challenging the system in a series of five cases. The Supreme Court ruled in their favor stating, "segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children.
African American leaders got together and they all decide that until something was done about the laws of segregation all of the african americans would be starting a boycott in the montgomery bus system. The African Americans did not ride the buses for 381 day the people walked everywhere they need to go. As hard as it was for the people they kept going to continue the movement for their rights. The people finally got what they deserved equal rights the United States Supreme Court Ruled that that the Jim Crow Laws were unconstitutional. Rosa boycott was able to bring freedom to the people of the