Anti-Federalist (West). Cognizant of the sensitivity of the US political situation at that time, Alexander Hamilton led the Federalist Party, initially in secrecy, to promote the ratification of a new Constitution. Together with John Jay and James Madison, under pseudonym Publius, a series of 85 essays known as "Federalist Papers" were published in The Independent Journal, The New York Packet, and The Daily Advertiser. The papers aimed to promote the merits of the Constitution. They (in particular Federalist Paper No.
Edwards and Wattenberg define Federalism as, “a way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government share formal authority over the same area and people. (Edwards and Wattenburg,70)” When the United States first started to form a central government their objective was to never allow for a dominating power to take over the country again. To do so they created a division of power and made it possible for states and more so the “people” the right to have more of an impact on government. Or so were their intended thoughts when creating the constitution and the branches. In doing so their focus constrained national government but left a loose string as to what the states and their constitutions could do.
During the Jeffersonian Era, Thomas Jefferson declared that all Americans were Federalists, and Republicans which he claimed that Americans were diverse once he became president. John Marshall, who was Jefferson’s cousin strengthened the government. Through Marbury v. Madison in 1803 where he suggested that the Supreme Court should have judicial review which strengthened perspectives on whether a case was constitutional or not. For the McCulloch v. Maryland case, Marshall gave power of “loose construction” to interpret the constitution in court. Around 1811, Indians were also coexisting with the Americans, the Americans wanted all the land to themselves without having Indians on it so a war in 1812 was initiated which also demonstrated America’s
The Federalist Party was one of the first political parties in the new nation, the other being the Democratic-Republican party (also known as the Anti-Federalists). Hamilton’s political party went on to split into the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1820s. The Whig party’s early leaders were believers in Jeffersonian democracy. The idea of factionalism within politics has stretched from the administration of George Washington to the present day (“Federalist Party” 1). The entire political system of the United States would not be the same without the existence of political parties and separate schools of
This rings true with the presidential election of the 1800’s between republican Thomas Jefferson and federalist John Adam’s. Each felt that if the other was elected that the America that they knew would erupt in a civil war. Although they were once allies and collaborated on the establishment of the Declaration of Independence for the new Americas, during this election they couldn’t see eye to eye due to each other’s political views. The federalist favored a centralized system and form of government with urban manufacturing while the democratic- republican wanted to reduce national power and empower the states while supporting an agrarian society. One of the unique things about the elections of that time was that there were no running mates, the man who came in second got to be vice president, which means your vice president was actually the same person who would be fighting against you in the election.
Madison is known as the Father of the Constitution. He had many of the basic ideas in the Constitution. Madison argued for separate branches of government, a strong national government, and also for rights such as freedom of religion. Madison then rallied support for adoption for the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. When James Madison and the 56 other delegates to the Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia in May 1787, they intended to amend the Articles of Confederation.
Also the Federalist believe having a national constitution meaning that there is a better balance of laws. The federalist want a New Constitution because Federalist want a fresh start and want to avoid tyranny. In my opinion the Anti-Federalist is the weaker government between the Federalist and the Anti-Federalist. The Anti-Federalist do not want states to have their own government. Not having a government in charge of each individual state
Essay #1 The United States worked together to establish a strong government in Iraq along with its leaders. The issue that was being debated was, which type of government would work best for Iraq? Here in the United States, our government is based off of a federal system. A federal system is “a system government in which the national government and state government share power and derive authority from its people” (O’Connor, Sabato, and Yanus, 41). America was not always based off of the federal system.
Organized and founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1792, the Democratic-Republican political party; its members referred to as Jeffersonians, held a powerful presence in the United States government. However, the Democratic-Republican party was challenged by another powerful political party founded in 1789 by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams known as the Federalist Party; its followers referred to as Hamiltonians. The Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians had drastically different views pertaining to the structure of government, economics, and foreign policy. Firstly, the Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians had different views on how the government should be structured. The Jeffersonians felt that the federal government's power should