Westward expansion resulted in Native Americans losing their native homelands and changing their culture to accommodate teachings from white settlers. Like the south, the West is a region wrapped in myths and stereotypes. The vast land west of the Mississippi River contains remarkable geographic extremes: majestic mountains, roaring rivers, searing deserts, sprawling grasslands, and dense forests. Since the first English settlers arrived at Jamestown in 1607, the story of America has been one of movement westward as more and more Europeans came to our shores, colonists spread further and further into what was called the frontier, which is defined as an area of unsettled land. We know, however, that America was already inhabited by Natives whose ancestors had arrived thousands of years earlier.
In the 1860s, the production of war materials became a high level of importance to industries and companies in Atlanta. This increase of production led to the increase of the railroad system. Although present and in use before the Civil War, the railroad gained a new purpose and aided in transportation of materials throughout the region and increased the spreading of ideas and innovations. Before troops left for the March to the Sea, in 1864, “fire and Union soldiers demolished the city’s railroad depots, the roundhouse, the machine shops, and all other railroad support buildings.” (Ambrose)
There were several kinds of hardships and motivations for moving west in this time. Settlers had a lot to see and find in the westward expansion period including gold and land. They were mostly drawn by those very two aspects. The railroad systems also allowed for people to travel west easier, making for a perfect situation to travel westward. Although the end of the journey was most desirable, the in between presented a lot of hardships.
boundaries, but it also forced migration of the Native Americans and the people of the lands made the natives get kicked out without a say because of the new land people started coming in and pushing the people out. This was a big problem to the natives because they had nowhere to go. Fourth, Jefferson’s decision to buy the Louisiana Territory impacted trade by helping to secure the port of New Orleans and the use of the Mississippi river for us and helped/expanded westward trade. Fifth, Jefferson’s decision to buy the Louisiana Territory impacted economics by gaining western half of richest river valley, laid foundations for future major powers, supported Jefferson’s idea for a “great agrarian society” (democratic republican / anti-federalist party goal), by establishing precedents for future expansion: the acquisition of foreign territory and peoples by purchase and their incorporation into the union not as vassal states but on a basis of equal membership (democratic imperialism), getting complete control of Mississippi River and Delta, and getting natural
During the Western Expansion, white settlers moved west for numerous reasons. They were motivated to find new land, Gold, and Stuck upon the belief of Manifest Destiny. This attitude helps fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico. In doing so, Native Americans faced harsh conditions and were treated horribly. The Great Plain Indians endured the Wounded Knee massacre of 1890, killing of the Buffalo, and many acts such as the Dawes act and Homestead.
The reason why I am for the movement to the West in the 1850’s and 1860’s is because moving to the West changed a lot of people’s lives for the better. Samuel Thurston had a so what part in this movement. Samuel wanted to make a big change so he moved to Oregon and then later on he wanted Congress to give away land to that people would settle the West. Then the Donation Land Claim was passed which gave settlers up to six hundred forty acers of land for free. When the Donation Land Claim was passed he wrote an article outlining many exciting reasons to move West and he even provided directions for how to get there.
Manifest Destiny was the term used by John O’Sullivan to describe America’s desire to expand West due to reasons including both the vast amount of unclaimed land and the opportunities Americans wanted to explore. During this time, Americans believed that it was their God-given right to expand West, and therefore they were entitled to push away any groups that were in their way. Due to the mindset that the Americans could do as they pleased with the groups of people who got in their way, Manifest Destiny affected many groups of people, including the American Indians and Slaves, and continued to build up the preexisting tension between the North and South. One of the groups of people affected greatly by Manifest Destiny were the Native Americans. Manifest Destiny affected the American Indians by spreading foreign diseases to them as they moved Westward, through the Native American territory.
In 1814 the Manifest Destiny occurred, manifest destiny is when lots of United States citizens moved out west so they could be start their lives and gain lots of property. The main reason Americans wanted to move out west was so they can gave the mass quantities of land and be able to farm and make a great living off of it. But the Manifest Destiny affected lots of things three of them being the Native Americans, slavery, and the relationship between the North and South States. The Manifest Destiny affect the Native Americans greatly in multiple ways, their population their food and their culture.
For many years America has dreamed to manifest its own destiny. Dreams of a better life, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion kindled a hidden desire in Americans causing many settlers to immigrate. This created a movement that would later be known as the great American Dream. People traveled west in search of a better life and firmly believed that their lives would become better essentially embodying America as the land of opportunity. It was not until the late 1920s and early 1930s that this dream changed immensely after the stock market crashed.
The Native American population in California flourished in the years; however the European colonization upon Native Americans during these time periods forever changed the lives and cultures of the Native people. Hunting, fishing, and fertile land were very abundant for the Native Americans. Unfortunately the population soon became ravaged by disease, warfare, displacement, and the European’s attempt to demolish all aspects of Native American life. As the Native Americans encountered the European explorers and mission Padres, the first effects of colonization corroded the Native American life and left damage that would be difficult to undo.
During the 1840s and later through the Civil War Reconstruction Era, western expansion faced a wave of American interest. Many people thought the west was overflowing with wealth and opportunities. The land was advertised and sold by the government in an attempt to increase the nation’s farming productivity and territorial expansion. Land legislation promised to reward young farmers and families for their successful Midwest homesteads. This legislation included the Homestead Act of 1862 and the Timber Culture Act of 1873.
Because of the rapid settlement of the western land in the 1850s, Congress wanted to enforce a transcontinental railroad to replace America’s current weak transportation system—horse-drawn carriages were still used and soldiers often had to walk. But due to the constant competition between the Northern members and the Southern
In conclusion, the westward expansion was one of the most important times in American history but one of the hardest for those who made the journey. The settlers had to go through a lot of hardships to get a new life in the west. The Gold Rush helped bring people to the west and populate California so it became a state. People such as Sacagawea helped Lewis and Clark helped explore the new terrain and make maps so people could live there. Even though the pioneers got diseases, had conflicts with the Native Americans, and had to travel for long periods of time in a ship or covered wagon, they never gave up hope.
The establishment and growth of the railroad had many influences on the Westward Expansion of America in the later half of the 1800’s. The railroad fueled the conflict with the Native Americans of the Plains, induced growth in population and economy in previously established urban areas, and lastly expanded the lands that were used for agriculture. The railroad affected various aspects of America’s West and the Great Plains. The advancement of the railroad West added to the already tense relationship with the Native Americans of the Plains.
There were both positive and negative components of westward expansion from 1800 to 1875. By the late of 1800s, the land of the United States was mostly purchased. In seventy five years, the United States continuously expanded westward, which was encouraged by the idea of Manifest Destiny. New land in the United States led to more economic, social, and political opportunities. Gaining more land also led to disputes between the states and wars with other countries.