Different factors had a part to play in starting or even propelling ‘the Age of Enlightenment’, including the rule of the Church and State which experienced a power struggle among them, in addition to the Western discovery of latest societies with noticeably exclusive cultural traditions and norms. Many intellectuals felt unhappy with the fixed social styles amongst their very own collectives, and angry at their governments' refusal to provide non-public rights. The lasting political effect of the Enlightenment can't be overstated. At the least three fundamental political revolutions came about throughout this time period in Britain, America, and France. Those revolutions manifested thoughts centring on
The Council took care of routine administration which involved matters of religion, military, the queen’s security, economics, and the welfare of the citizens.... A group of representatives called Parliament was divided into two sections. The House of Lords or the Upper House consisted of bishops and aristocrats. The House of Commons or the Lower House consisted of common people. The main function of Parliament at this time in history was to deal with financial matters such as taxation and granting the queen money” (Elizabethan Era). Nobility in the Privy Council possessed more power than lords and the common people of Parliament; the Privy Council gave advice to the queen and dealt with a plethora of matters while Parliament dealt with financial affairs.
And then, he altered it into The Dancer (Fig. 1), since the painting that The Dancer was painted over had been rejected again. Scholars generally think that The Dancer could not be the one Klimt presented to her heartbroken parents, because of the uncontrollable eroticism. The figure of the second portrait is similar to Klimt’s most representations of Viennese femme fatale, who is mysterious and seductive. In addition, Klimt privately owned the amended and unfinished version of Ria at his studio.
The French Revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, was primarily a response to the poor leadership of King Louis XVI who had been ruling France at the time. A number of commoners took to the streets of Paris to protest against the monarchy after years of alienation and paying abundance of tax and fees. The bourgeoisie was also out of touch with the rigid social structure orchestrated by the regime as they were often excluded from law-making decisions and other political rights that were given exclusively to noblemen. Shortly after the monarchy had been abolished, the church became victimized at the hands of the revolutionaries who recognized the institution as a chunk of the Ancien Regime that needed to be destroyed. On that note, the French
In order to better understand the social inequality in the French revolution, it is required to understand the social construct of The French Empire before the revolution. A monarchy, the old empire are mainly classified into three estates, this being the clergy, the nobles, and the commoners. The clergy and the nobility both benefitted from various privileges, such as tax exemptions and exclusivity of political authority. The clergy are known to exploit the commoners such as asking for payment and they are infamous for living a scandalous life. Few historians would disagree that social problems are a cause of the French Revolution, it is widely known how the privileged were overthrown due to unhappiness among the citizens , however the fact that the social conditions had been similar for hundreds of
Janes nearest of kin were her grandmother and her aunt, both of them lived a humble life and hardly had a sufficient income. Her aunt Miss Bates was a very popular and always welcomed person, although she was “neither young, handsome, rich nor married” (cf. Emma p.22). She cares for her mother, Jane’s grandmother, the widow of a former vicar of Highbury and together they live in a small and simple home. Mr. Campbell provided her with a good education with the intention of her becoming a governess in the future, for the money she inherited from her father was not enough to secure her financial independence.
Class distinction is a theme that is present during all time periods; it was a fundamental part of the structure of English society during the eighteenth century; "The key feature of eighteenth-century English society was that it was arranged as a status hierarchy" (Lehmberg, Meigs and Heyck). During this time, it was not the level of income that was seen as the deciding factor of a person 's position in society, but rather their social ranking; the upper ranks, which were known as the gentry, were families whose status was secured by their land ownership, the second rank were the middle-class (tradesmen) and the bottom of the social structure were the working class. These divides in the societal structure of the eighteenth century are clearly evident in the works of John Gay and Samuel Richardson. According to Wallech, in eighteenth century England, a person 's social position was "associated [...] with a calculus of property, privilege, dress, education, honor, obligation, residence, occupation, friendship, beauty, strength, and wisdom. These features of status derived from an individual 's personal merit and estate".
Many American’s are aware that the American Revolution started, because the British Government was taxing the colonies without giving them proper representation in parliament. However, what many American’s do not understand is that the colonial protestors had many more complaints about the British Government in the mid 1770s. Thomas Paine described the colonists view of the British best when he said, “The British were thieves, literally “highwaymen” who stole American rights and wealth as well.” The years following the Seven Years War brought drastic changes for the colonists as Great Britain started taking more control over the them and with each new tax they continued to fill with rage. The most convincing evidence the colonial protestors
The Victorian Age which was started in 1837 with the succession of the crown of queen Victoria, was the age of duality and contradictions. Duality in literature, science, religion, society and life surrounded the period. In one hand, there were a strict perception of religion and moral on the other hand there were prostitutes and child laborers. The economical contradiction was also at the top of its age. While the industrial revolution was actualizing, the class structure of England capsized.
These social classes are usually expressions and representations of conditions established in the society. During the Elizabethan Period, the society was divided. The society once consisted of the Monarchs, Nobility, Gentry, Merchants, Yeomanry and Laborers. During this period, a Monarch is the main ruler of a nation. A Monarch may be a king or a queen, and has the highest rank among the social classes.
More towards the end of “Persons of Mean and Vile Condition”, Zinn explains why the Bacon’s Rebellion was so feared, and what new aspect it can give us on America. One of the biggest fear of the upper class and the rulers of Virginia was the possibility of a combination of poor whites and black, since they were a much bigger population. There is a saying that America was “born free”, but that was really not the case. America was born with both free, master, landlord, rich and slave, servant, tenant, and
Eastern Orthodox was the base of the divide between eastern and western Europe, it was divided socially, economically, and politically. Topic sentences 1. Eastern orthodox divided Europe socially during the Middle Ages. • Religion was a big part of the middle age society so having the religion start the split is a huge deal • Eastern orthodox was the main religion in eastern Europe but in west there was only the catholic church any other religion was stopped from excelling 2. Eastern orthodox was a reason Europe was split politically at the time of the middle ages • The Pope was seen as the highest authority figure besides the king decision in the political aspects of Western Europe.
The frontier in the late 1700’s was a place of disagreement, this political and social unrest helped mold America. The village of Paxton was a few miles east of Harrisburg in eastern Pennsylvania, it became a place of racial and political unrest during Pontiac 's Rebellion. It was considered part of the frontier in the 1760s, the area was populated by many hardened Scots-Irish immigrants who had grown weary of their vulnerability to attack. Requests for soldiers or guns, powder and lead at the very least were ignored by the legislators, many of them were Quakers. The regulator movement was a movement led by small business owners and farmers, against the governments of NC and SC.
His duty to regulate such acts like fornication was greater than others in the communities because he was in the post of churchwardens. Similar to England, the early colonies depended heavily on the inner workings of family life as well as maintaining social order at whatever cost. “Patriarchs had a particular obligation to deter fornication, a “very brutish” practice that caused “many foul and filthy, besides painful diseases” and amounted to “a kind of sacriledge, a