Arguably the most profound effect of World War I on African Americans was the acceleration of the multi-decade mass movement of black, southern rural farm laborers northward and westward in search of higher wages in industrial jobs and better social and political opportunities. This Great Migration led to the rapid growth of black urban communities in cities like New York, Chicago, St. Louis, and Los Angeles.117 While relatively small groups of southern African Americans migrated after Reconstruction to border states such as Kansas and into the Appalachians, it was not until the imposition of Jim Crow segregation and disfranchisement in the South that large numbers of blacks left their homes and families to search elsewhere for a better life. Still, in 1910, nearly 90 percent of American blacks lived in the South, four-fifths of them in rural
(supported statement 3) The Scottsboro trials opened a window on a time and place where the social norm weighed so heavily that the principles of law buckled and showed the injustice of America 's court system and America itself. (Conclusion) The Scottsboro trials in conclusion had the biggest effect on Americans Justice and Injustice history by having by the biggest crime case involving African Americans in U.S. history and showed the racial uncivilization during the time period of 1931 through 1950 and how the trial opened a window to the change of law in the justice system. During the
With a strong sense of social justice Kennedy began a movement of social change. With the generational and social mentality barriers beginning to be broken down there was a shift in perception amongst the American citizens. On April 4, 1968 in Memphis Tennessee, Martin Luther King was assassinated and killed. This led to race riots all over the States and a surge in violence. The death of such a substantial figure would prompt one of the greatest speeches Robert Kennedy produced in his career, furthering the race relations between white America and black America.
One of our most famous, or infamous, wars was centered around the enslavement of a whole race because white people in the South needed cheap labor and saw themselves as racially superior. However, after the war I have to admit that the Government at least tried with the Reconstruction Amendments. The 15th amendment gave the right to vote to African-American males which was a huge step in the right direction for change. This new amendment definitely benefited the black community considering there was a rise of African-American officeholders during the Reconstruction Era (Foner,
The Harlem Renaissance The 1920’s was a historic time period in which many things changed from beliefs to technology in the U.S..One of the most important events in this time period was The Harlem Renaissance.The Harlem Renaissance was an important period in the U.S.’s history in which African American culture was finally appreciated because of their achievements in the arts , literature, and music. Like every other story , they all have a beginning , someplace where everything started. It began with many African Americans moving from the south to the north of the U.S. to avoid racism. Harlem was meant to be a fancy neighborhood but “rapid overdevelopment led to empty buildings and desperate landlords seeking to fill them” causing African Americans to ocupate those Vacant homes(History.com Staff,). At first we know white people tried to keep African Americans distance far from their homes but as more and more African American people came the white people fled the harlem area.
The Great Migration and/in the Congregation The Great Migration was the migration occurred within the United States between 1910 and 1970 which saw the displacement of about seven million African Americans from the southern states to those in the North, Midwest and West. The reasons that led thousands of African Americans to leave the southern states and move to the northern industrial cities were both economic and social, related to racism, job opportunities in the industrial cities and the search of better lives, the attempts to escape racism and the Jim Crow Laws that took them away the right to vote. As every social phenomena, the Great Migration had both positive and negative effects; in my opinion the Great Migration can be considered a negative development in the short and medium term, but, if we analyze the benefits brought to the African-American communities in the long term, their fight for integration has shaped the history of the United States in its progress to democracy and civil rights. The movement towards the North gave many economic opportunities to migrants. From working in farms, they started working in factories.
Executive Order 8802 impacted The Civil Rights Movement as it gave African Americans a voice in the workforce and socially as well. In modern day history, Executive Order 8802 granted The United States’ a first black president, Barack Obama. As a country, The United States has experienced many hardships and accomplishments, but it is what makes America a strong country. FDR took a grand leap in issuing Executive Order 8802 ,as it changed the lives’ of many who had been stripped of their voice for years, and finally began to regain it with Executive Order
The Sixties was a time of revolutionary ideas and new modes of expression. As millions of South Africans endured a physical and social landscape of white supremacy, freedom movements promoting social reform all over the nation was prevalent. The hypocrisy of what was called a democracy was not only actively and openly being challenged but to an extent successfully being recognized by the white South African minority. The Apartheid mantra of racial separation was not new to South Africa, but its political legitimacy in 1948 was the beginning of an overwhelming amount of entrenched systemic racism. By the 1960s, millions of economically and socially segregated Africans in the region began expressing their disdain for the white minority rule through
Racism is part of human nature and it has existed throughout human history from antiquity. The first racism cases started between black and white people. Nowadays racism has been spread all over the world despite the globalization that our contemporary civilization has undergone. But, because of the increase of emigrational waves and the intense nationalism, racism has become a big problem not only for immigrant groups but for all the world’s humans. The onus is on us to eliminate the problem of racism before it becomes even worse.
The 1960s was one of the most controversial decades in American history. The 1960s was a decade of new democratic ideals. People from all races fought against discrimination and segregation. John F. Kennedy and MLK Jr. were assassinated and the culture in the 1960s reflected the social changes that were happening at the time. Although the African-American Civil Rights Movement started in the mid-1950s, it escalated in the 1960s.
1943 Race Riots-The Flame That Started the Fire Detroit City, the motor capital of the world, was roaring with jobs in 1943. Black’s from the South migrated North in search of jobs, new homes, and opportunities. In a prominent white area, the migration of blacks was not wanted. Segregation was still present throughout the U.S. Contrary to popular belief, the first largest race riot in Detroit on June 20th, 1943, was started by whites.
Fortunately for some period of time the success of the reconstruction outweigh the negative, these negatives quickly escalated during this important milestone for the country. The process of the reconstruction quickly went downhill, after the positives transformed into negatives, the negatives did not end there and the list continued to grow. The addition of “black codes” began to destroy the newly established freedom of the former slaves. White supremacist congressmen passed the laws known as black codes to forbid “blacks the right to make contracts, testify against whites, marry white women, be unemployed, and loiter in public places”. These laws continued to create seperation between races.
My next and final topic that I chose is The Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance was rooted in the struggle for black civil rights. During and about right after WWI, in a phase of the Great Migration, some half a million African Americans moved from the rural South to the cities of the North. Most people moved in hopes of escaping the poverty and the oppression of Jim Crow Laws. They encountered racist hostility nearly as bitter as they experienced in the South.
It lead to the Anti-War Movement, which still affects America on foreign relations today. On top of all of that, there was a serious economic divide in the country that caused certain classes to rise and fall. This decade was very trying for the United States, and has affected our society even to this day. The 1960’s was full of civil rights leaders that helped shape America into the country it is today. There will always be racial tensions in society, but without Martin Luther King Jr. and his fellow activists, the inequalities that blacks faced in America wouldn’t have been addressed until much later on in life.
GROWING RACIAL TENSIONS The “Red Summer” of 1919 marks peak of rising tensions surrounding the great migration of African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North that took place during World War I. After the war ended in 1918, servicemen who fought in Europe returned home to find that their jobs in factories, warehouses and mills had been filled by newly arrived Southern blacks or immigrants. Amid financial insecurity, racial and ethnic prejudices ran rampant. Meanwhile, African-American veterans who had risked their lives fighting for the freedom and democracy of the United States were found to have been denied basic rights such as adequate housing and equality under the law. Consequently, they have become progressively more