They had segregated schooling, transport and toilets under the Jim Crow laws. This is justified by, ‘the popularity of protest music in the 1960s was also fuelled by the massive social change that evolved from the Civil Rights Movement, the rise of feminism,’ (4) showing that many artists were also fighting for an ideological change in the way American citizens were treated by their country, namely African Americans and women, rather than only fighting against what they believed was an unjust war. Artists like James Brown (5) fought for black empowerment in American society. Brown’s song, ‘Say it Loud: I’m Black and I’m Proud’ (5) is described as being ‘an important document in the development of the Civil Rights Movement’ (5) due to its infectious rhythm and strong message about black pride and self-empowerment. Another example of a black artist is Aretha Franklin, who wrote songs about women rising up and demanding ‘respect’ (5) in the country in which she lived, both as an African American and a woman, as shown by her song title.
In this book, David Allyn describes the sexual revolution hippies created during the sixties. Allyn explains how the younger generation challenged social norms and double standards. She also explains how the term “make love, not war” was created because of the war in Vietnam. I will be utilizing this article to get a better comprehension of how hippies challenged America socially as well politically. The book “Where Have All the Flower Children Gone” gives an in-depth analysis as to why the countercultures of the sixties ended.
It was Aretha Franklin’s 1967 hit song “Respect” that defined not only that specific moment in time, but also an entire generation of individuals determined to fight social norms and bring about change. When people think of the song “Respect”, it is Aretha Franklin’s version that immediately pops into mind. However,
The Vietnam War took place during the cold war era, which lasted many years and could be described as the clashing of two conflicting ideologies between the communist eastern countries and the capitalist western countries. The Americans aimed at stopping the spread of communism in Vietnam, based on the their policy of containment, which was set up to stop the spread of communism to any other country in the world. Many American citizens opposed the sending of their own troops to fight in a war that was not even theirs to lose. Many of the soldiers being sent to Vietnam were members of the youth, which led to increasingly rapid protest action amongst students, as well as the parents of the young men being conscripted. These American troops were being placed to fight in unfamiliar and harsh terrain – as the majority of Vietnam was overgrown with forests and dangerous wildlife - which negatively affected the Americans morale and diminishing their possibility of success in the war.
The movie sensationalizes the violence by only showing acts of violence in distant memories of Cunxin and not depicting the widespread torture and harassment of educators and counter revolutionaries. The Cultural Revolution was largely characterized by terrible acts of violence that were carried out by the Red Guards mostly against teachers and intellectuals (Source B). This torture was so grusome that many people died. Despite this, the film failed to portray these acts of violence and instead portrayed the propaganda and fear of western imperialism of the Chinese Communist government. This was depicted when the Chinese government was reluctant to allow Cunxin to travel to America because of the fear that he would be indoctrinated by the anti-Communists and not return to China.
I chose the time period of Vietnam for two reasons, one it was another prime example of testing the countries morals and two it is one of the time periods I wish I could have been a part of because it was a time of the black panthers, the Beats, student radicalism, the rise of the hippie/yippie movement, and continuous social changes and revolutions around the world. This time period was truly the time that rocked the United States and the world to its core and the Vietnam War played a major role in this critical moment in history. There was so much going on during this time period. From the university protests, to the racial turmoil that had flooded the streets the country was going through drastic and permanent changes, and all of these dramatic changes began with the spark of the Vietnam War. There are still controversy about whether America should have been involved in Vietnam in the first place.
When I think about the 1960’s and the counterculture’s critique of American society and culture I think of how desperately wanted a change in the society and culture. The culture brought a plethora of alternatives such as feminism, anti – war, new left, anti – nuclear, civil rights, free speech, music, film, drugs, and the list goes on and on. Furthermore with these changes they were radical and revolutionary because it seemed like they wanted the ideas to happen immediately. The counterculture wanted new life and they were determined to bring these new ideas to life and with doing so it define them and the 1960’s simultaneously. If I were to boil down these many ideas into three categories it would be the hippies, the music, and the drugs – the fun stuff.
In the late 1950s, groups of several thousand people, “most of them young and children of the white middle class,” emerged who challenged values of the older generations. The youth, like the Beats, wanted to rebel against the mood of the 1950s--one of conformity with a “nuclear family” and traditional functions. Adolescents have a natural propensity to rebel, so they especially did not want a conservative society to deny them their freedom of expression, of speech, and of artistry. This stance coupled with a “radical comprehension” of the horrors of society pushed American youth to look at the Beat movement for
From the provocative hip-thrusts of Elvis Presley to the rise of the eclectic, anti-establishment hippie movement, the 1960’s invoked a spark of rebellion within the United States. As the era of conservative dress, social values, and morals dwindled into the past, the rebellious youths confronted figures like parents, teachers, and adults to terminate their authoritative grasp. In John Updike’s short story “A & P,” he displays the magnitude of tension between the two oppositions, contained within the isles of a local store. Exaggerated by the time period in which the story was written, Updike’s symbolism throughout “A & P” develops ever-present themes of conformity, authority, and freedom. Through Updike’s creative use of animalistic symbolism,
These riots were a turning point for the gay community leading to more deliberate sartorial codes including keys on a belt loop, single earrings, t-shirts and jewelry. One of the biggest sartorial codes of this time was the hanky code, which is a system of coding to communicate sexual availability through the wearing of bandanas. The color of the bandana worn represents a specific sexual fetish and the sexual role
From that point forward, I understood that it was the voice of the people that would change unjust governmental practices. I saw this idea of a system being changed from the outside, rather than the inside, not only in cases of brutal policing, but in cases ranging from impunity for rapists on college campuses to gay rights, which culminated in the landmark Supreme Court decision to legalize gay marriage in every state. The first protest I