The demolition of the housing in Lincoln Park was referred to as the “Major Urban Renewal Project” (Bennett, 2005). From the 1950s to present day Lincoln Park is constantly undergoing gentrification. Lincoln Park and Lake View both experienced a rapid increase in gentrification activates in the 1990s and the early 2000s. Lincoln Park was once seen as a neighborhood of immigrants where working class Americans raised their families. Now Lincoln Park is seen as a fancy neighborhood with new restaurants, trendy stores, and young professional. Gentrification has caused the demographics of Lincoln Park to shift from African American and Mexican American to white. This is because gentrification forced the African American and Mexican American families out of the neighborhood by increasing rent and tearing down affordable
The factors that contributed to the emergence of gentrification in America especially in United States can be divided into three aspects, Political, Economic and Social aspects. The political factors that feed the stem of gentrification is from the, policies, strategies and actions of the government authorities. It was said that it includes the decrease in the amount of the provided federal funds that were being given to the municipalities throughout the whole United
The music of the 1960s and 1970s definitely had an impact on culture and society in the United States. Protest music, specifically, brought ideas, as well as problems, to the attention of many Americans. Radio stations across the nation were a big part of the spread of protest music. Radio experienced a boom after World War II. Stations started appearing all over, which meant more people could be reached. The messages written in popularized protest songs were heard over the radio by people who otherwise may not have gotten the chance to hear the artists.
Rock music in the 1960s was egalitarian, eclectic, and real based on a number of reasons. To explain the 'real' piece of rock music in the 1960s, one would have to know that there was war going on overseas that didn't make sense to Americans as to why it was going on (the Vietnam war). There was also still severe inequality between blacks and whites causing protests to occur via the Civil Rights movement, led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. There was inequality between women and mens rights. These issues caused dissatisfaction to occur in the American people. What better way to vent dissatisfaction than through music! Also in addition to the frustrations described above, teen rebellion from the parental obligations was also in full swing. The result of this was 'free love' and experimenting with drugs. This led to creative, and mind you interesting, rock that Americans loved like "I Can't Get No Satisfaction" by The Rolling Stones and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" by The Beatles. Aside from the above,
Inspired by european city rebuilding projects, American cities started clearing away older neighborhoods and creating grand avenues with impressive buildings. The only problem with the growing population was finding housing for the new residents. In Document 6 Nash explains how urban geography changed with emerging central businesses, few people living downtown, middle class residential areas stretched out beyond working class neighborhoods, and the growth of the suburbs which led to better transportation. Many of the rich lived in palatial mansions in the heart of the city while the moderately well to do took advantage of less expensive land on the outer edges of the city thus leading to what was known as the growth of the suburbs. However the poor could not afford housing in the city or in the suburbs and this led to the growth of tenement housing. Tenements were supposed to be great improvements in housing for the poor however they soon became known as “miserable abodes” that were overcrowded and had little to no indoor plumbing or central heating. The growing population also led to transportation problems. The downtown streets were usually too narrow for the heavy traffic that moved through them and most were not paved producing either a lot of mud or a cloud of dust. These problems led to what would later become known as mass
The conflicts experienced by all people during this time period helped build the class archetypes of the “hapless worker stuck in the loop of poverty” and the “rich prude who wants nothing to do with those below them,” as they were so definitely-illustrated in Hansberry’s story. High-prestige economists and historians agree that white flight was partly responsible for the financial deterioration of commercial centers, draining cities like Chicago and Washington D.C. of their ethnic
Earth day was first celebrated in United States in 1970. Hippies were primarily the ones who got Earth day passed by the government. Disco was very popular as well; People would go to nightclubs and strobe lights and mirror balls would be everywhere, the latest 70’s hits would also be playing. The Vietnam War, The Battle of Civil Rights and music affected a lot of the fashion in 70’s.
The contemporary distinctive patterns of segregation and poverty in the United States often relate back to the issue of race. Scholars have looked at the institutional forces that shape differential life outcomes of American racial minorities, particularly African Americans, to explain such patterns. Massey and Denton explore racial residential segregation in the United States throughout the 20th century. They argue that the making and concentration of the (African American) underclass in inner cities resulted from institutional and interpersonal racism in the housing market that perpetuates already existing racial segregation. Amanda Lewis and colleagues adds more insight to Massey and Denton’s investigation with their comprehensive overview
As the closing of the frontier began, Americans celebrated the 400th anniversary of Columbus 's arrival to the new world. It was a chance for America to exhibit its power. The fair showcased the products of progress. According to Ben Wattenberg, “There was a 22,000-pound block of cheese from Canada, and the world 's largest cannon, from Germany” (pbs.org). Wattenberg also stated that by the turn of the century, social scientists created a system using numbers to define the standards of beauty and the status of the ideal man and woman.
Levittown in New York city was a great example of suburbanization where over ten thousand homes were built for over four thousand people. Living further from the city meant that more people needed cars. Most Americans became owners of at least one car which led to the construction of malls, shopping centers, and drive through restaurants. Rock n roll became famous with all its famous stars like Elvis Presley, but all of them were white. When speaking about that era, Americans believed in equal opportunity, which was sadly, only a belief, since it was not provided neither embodied in real
From riots to invasions, many urban problems arose during the late 19th and 20th centuries. Technology was improving and it was making jobs easier and more productive but American’s were tired and weren’t working. Wage cuts were becoming more popular and economically, the U.S was falling apart slowly. Despite the problems, Americans discovered a way to replace the exhausted Americans who no longer took part in labor. Immigrants from Europe were pulled to New York in hope to find what the Americans had said they’d offer. Freedom, new jobs, and cheap land were a few things that lured them into New York.
He talks about how cities were seen as ‘dirty’ and infested with homeless people, drug addicts, panhandlers, and porn shops everywhere, while the suburbs were seen as a ‘clean’ and orderly place to settle down and raise a family, particularly referring to the ‘white-flight’ that occurred in the 1970s and 80s. Hayes discusses how the migration of black people out of the South turned America’s cities into places of ‘concentrated blackness.’ “Federal policy facilitated both the construction of the ‘ghetto,’ large areas of black residents and disinvestment, and white flight to the suburbs, abetted by subsidized mortgages and racially discriminatory lending guidelines.” (Hayes, 2017, p. 40) Because of institutional racism and classism, the cities became concentrated areas for the Colony, and the suburbs became a place of escape and solace for the
Most people can pinpoint the changes that occurred in their urban areas; they noticed more non-native individuals move into their urban neighborhoods, following them came the increase of rent and the change of scenery. There was always a name for this issue, but it never surfaced until the late 1990’s. The term Gentrification comes from British sociologist Ruth Glass. “Once this process of gentrification starts in a district it goes on rapidly until all or most of the original working class occupiers are displaced and the social character of the district is changed”. (Kissam 2) This epidemic has taken many urban neighborhoods by storm, From Chicago, Philadelphia, Houston, and the most common Brooklyn. Between The year 2000 and 2010 the Percentage
Gentrification connotes the influx of wealthier people into an existing urban area and a related increase in the property value, rent, and changes in culture and character. More often, gentrification is negatively portrayed as the displacement of poor communities through the arrival of rich outsiders. Gentrification arises from an increased interest in a certain urban district leading to many wealthy people buying and renovating houses in the area. The real impacts of gentrification are often intricate, contradictory and vary depending on the type of urban center. In a way, gentrification has greatly altered American urban landscape over the years. Despite the negative connotations often attached to gentrification, it is recognized that the
In the 70’s dance fever caught everyone with discos danceable beat. Discos popularity took off because of the freedom it gave people. Famous disco songs had themes of homosexual pride allowing the gay community to have more freedom to be themselves. The group most famous for their work toward gay equality was The Village People. The dancing fever craze helped a lot of dance clubs pop up. The dance club you were allowed in to depend on your statues and your ability to dance. The book list one of the most exclusive clubs to be Studio 54. As disco started to fall the movie Saturday Night Fever helped disco