With diverse ethnicities, occupations, and ideologies, individuality is an innate part of humanity. Independent thought and reasoning is encouraged as means to a smarter and safer society. However, in the dystopian novel 1984 by George Orwell, the ruling government strives to alienate humanity’s individuality in an attempt to consolidate power. Orwell depicts an oppressive society ruled by the ruling class called the Party, where Winston, an individual, struggles against the totalitarian government. By the end of the novel, Winston is destroyed and the Party continues to dictate conformity among the masses.
Aurora Choi likens her a “Russian Magdalen”: “Dostoevsky takes a common image of his time period, that of the prostitute, and utilizes her in conjunction with the myth of Mary Magdalen, to convey the ultimate message of repentance for one’s sins and the perpetual chance of salvation” (Choi). Dostoevsky utilizes his dichotomic image more subtly: bestial physical suffering versus humanist compassion. While Liza fails to redeem the Underground Man due to his complete egoism, Gorianchikov of House of the Dead’s experience of being washed is a metaphorical ‘salvation’ from the ‘sin’ inherent to dehumanizing confinement. Petrov infuses spirituality to an otherwise physical situation. Too, Liza holds hope in her possession of a doctor’s letter, allowing a human spirituality in a situation of physical degradation.
The play Julius Caesar is about conspirators who plan to kill Caesar for the good of the people but instead cause a whole battle on the actions. The play focuses on mainly two of the conspirator Brutus and Cassius who believe in different things. Brutus is stoic and Cassius is epicurean. Stoicism is and Euperiunism are two different things but still brought the mean together. Stoicism is selflessness and epicureanism is selfishness.
Through 1984, George Orwell predicted what a state which has absolute power over its citizens would look like in 1984 through the terrors of a government with total power over its citizens. The novel touched upon the deeper meanings of human corruption and evil, guiding the reader through the pain and suffering, as well as the joy and what little freedom that the main character, Winston Smith has in the hands of Big Brother, the symbol of the “Party. It is obvious, that Orwell’s intent was to warn the future generations of the dangers of authoritarianism, however even in the modern world we can find traces of 1984’s themes. There are many similarities between our modern day society and Orwell’s 1984, the most significant ones surveillance,
Irony is the expression of one 's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite. In 1984, by George Orwell, Winston Smith unknowingly encounters many situations involving irony. He tries his best to make sense of what is happening, and why. The Party uses these examples of irony to help maintain, and control, their own society. In 1984 there were examples of irony shown by; the names of The Ministry of Love, The Ministry of Truth, and the arrest scene for Julia and Winston.
The choice between conforming to societal standards and remaining an individual is similar to choosing between freedom and oppression. Individuality is the distinction between qualities of oneself and others, requiring independent thoughts and opinions. Conformity grasps the idea of accepting ideal behavior and notions. In two powerful dystopian novels, 1984 by George Orwell and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, the main characters struggle to rise up against the standard behavior of society. However, only one succeeds, while the other accepts to conform.
A condemnation of unfettered industrialism and the abandonment of human morality, Mary Shelley 's Frankenstein illustrates the Victor is the real monster. Constructing a marginalised and cruel childhood for the invention, Shelley builds her predominant argument crystallising the monstrous qualities of humanity. The subsequent condemnation of the unaccountable nature of Victor builds on her authorial intent that victor’s actions and intentions are in inhumane. Additionally, Shelley is realistic in acknowledging that absolute good and evil do not exist, and in pointing to moments where her cast deviate from their previous moral values, Shelley suggests that the creature and Victor both exhibit monstrous and empathetic qualities. Ultimately Shelley
In 1984, a dystopian novel written by George Orwell, proles are represented as being generally incompetent in the ability to think and rebel against their stolen rights. However, as the story progresses, Winston comes to a realization that proles are the only ones with the character of human beings and the strength to gain consciousness to overthrow the party. Through this characterization of the proles, Orwell satirizes the detrimental effects of Stalin’s totalitarian government in employing total control and perpetual surveillance of the people in USSR to maintain an established hierarchy. The nature of how the system views the proles is clearly visible through the treatment and description of the proles in the eyes of Winston. As mentioned in the text, “the Party taught that the proles were natural inferiors who must be kept in subjection, like animals...”, Winston along with other members of the party were embedded with the idea that it’s conventional for the members of the party to treat the proles in a degrading manner similar to the ways in which they would treat animals.
Language as a form of mind control in 1984 and Brave New World Although one 's idea of Utopianism is unique to one’s beliefs, the genre of Utopian and Dystopian fiction is commonly tackled in novels, from which the authors convey the idea of a depraved society through detailing inhumane characteristics which would be seen unacceptable to any world citizen. In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, and 1984 by George Orwell authors create tyrannical governments responsible for a set of callous actions such as the eradication of freedom of speech and ideological control over their population’s mentality. These wrongdoings are achieved through the application of methods that obligate people to act as machines, such as the ad campaigns in Brave New World and the implementation of the Newspeak dictionary in 1984. As Orwell creates the ministry of truth as a means to demonstrate the lack of ideological freedom in oceania, Huxley discusses the concept of World Controllers and the use of SOMA as examples of the alienated society of Brave New World. Winston Smith is the protagonist of Orwell’s dystopian novel and represents a non-activist oppressed citizen of Oceania who is unable to conform with the government’s inequitable principles.
A common title that pops into one’s mind upon hearing the phrase ‘dystopian literature’ would be the classic work of fiction, 1984 by George Orwell. Through the employment of striking elements of conventional dystopias, accompanied by the deliberate characterization of an anti-hero named Winston Smith, Orwell effectively paints a picture of an oppressed society struggling to survive under the iron-fist rule of an oppressive, draconian, totalitarian government. However, the author also deviates from the regular standards of the genre, inserting aberrant components into the text, in order to give the novel distinctive qualities along with adding a unique voice to the battle of Winston Smith against the Party. The novel features a variety of common traits evident in dystopian societies which Orwell hyperbolizes to a high degree with the intention of highlighting the depths a civilization can sink under the wrong authority, particularly a totalitarian regime. For instance, returning to a rather primitive nature, the citizens of Oceania staunchly worship a physical manifestation of the Party known as Big Brother.