1984 And The Handmaid's Tale Essay

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In ‘1984’ and ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’, the destruction of the individual is due to a combination of the destruction of independence, language and totalitarian monopolistic control. Complete collectivism, despite separate political beliefs, is presented throughout dictatorial societal jurisdiction as being the predominant way to maintain eternal power. The regimes seek to control individuals and therefore engage in continuing reconnaissance or surveillance of the populace. The mind is the most individual source of power to any person and totalitarianism aims to create complete orthodoxy by controlling and manipulating the mind. Both Orwell in ‘Nineteen Eighty Four’ and Atwood in ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ are examples of how dystopian literature presents…show more content…
This demonstrates the extent to which propaganda exists in order to brainwash innocent citizens within democratic and totalitarian societies. For modern readers, the extent of restriction and invasion of privacy illustrated within ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ is less shocking than for traditional readers, as Edward Snowden’s exposure of the American National Security Agencies unauthorised surveillance of the masses, is similar to the conduct of the Party. Modern readers are used to being watched through CCTV. However, contemporary readers would have been aware of the power of dictators in Nazi Germany and Stalin’s Russia, and would have noticed the publication year of the novel, coincided with the establishment of the Communist Party rule in China, in 1949. These governments restricted their populations, suppressed their freedoms and strictly controlled their actions. If the government has an effective monopoly on the dissemination of facts, healthy public discourse cannot exist. The citizens become dependent on the government as the sole source of news. This prevents outsiders such as those with anti-establishment world views from gaining power and
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