Thesis: In George Orwell’s 1984, symbolism of Big Brother is used to illustrate the recurring motif of propaganda used to control reality through the rise of surveillance, ultimately instilling a sense of devotion through fear in the citizens of this totalitarian government. Throughout the novel, these effects result in complete government control, thus illustrating how surveillance ultimately leads to tyranny. Body Paragraph 1: Big Brother is the symbolic figurehead of Oceania, a totalitarian state wherein the Party has complete control over all citizens. The citizens are taught that Big Brother is the leader of the Party, and will administer the torture of anyone who rebels. Winston Smith, the main character of the novel, learns that Big Brother is not a real person, but an invention of the Party that functions as a focus for the citizen’s inherent feelings of fear and terror.
O’Brien makes an appearance and reveals that he concealed his legitimate identity, he is a Big Brother spy, in order to deceive Winston into committing an open act of rebellion against the government. O’Brien spends months torturing and brainwashing Winston, nevertheless, Winston resists temptation and reframes from abandoning his principles. Winston finally succumbed to the abuse after a particularly gruesome technique is employed and pleads that Julia be the one to suffer the torment. Lastly, O’Brien releases Winston back into society and he conforms to the expectations of Big
Winston standing up against society by any number of his actions makes him a hero. For example; he breaks the law with Julia in multiple ways like by getting high quality foods restricted from the Outer Party, engaging in intercourse for pleasure and not for simply doing their duty to the party, and he even goes as far to reach out to the Brotherhood. In addition to this when Winston writes in his diary he states his feelings towards Big Brother and the party he believes that it should not exist so when the novel states,”DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER...”(18). Winston states his defiance towards the party and their values by blatantly voicing his dislikes towards the party. Winston may not have upheld the expectations his society has on him and much like many other famous heroes of the past that stood up against society he was sent to prison.
In George Orwell’s novel 1984 it portrays the dangers of a totalitarian government which causes some of the citizens the want to rebel. Most people learn how to live with the rules and regulations the party bestows upon them and are happy with there day to day lives and others begin to crave for a sense to express their own individuality and freedom. Throughout the book both Winston and Julia are noncompliance to the party in different ways compiling that if there is any hope in overthrowing the party it lies within the proles. Winston is a man coming to consciousness and attempting the overthrow or reformation of the closed, totalitarian, futuristic world he valued at the start (Huntington). He keeps a journal containing what they refer to as “thoughtcrime” which is unorthodox and a controversial way of thinking in his society.
In the novel 1984, George Orwell depicts a totalitarian dystopian world in which there is no freedom and the citizens are brainwashed. The Party creates fear through propaganda and strict laws with the goal of controlling every aspect of the citizen’s life to the point where they don’t have a sense of individuality. Winston, the main character, wasn’t as brainwashed as the other citizens. He was aware of all the lies and the way in which the Party controlled the citizens The Party’s main slogan was: “WAR IS PEACE. FREEDOM IS SLAVERY.
To start, Winston cannot be contemplated as a hero because he does not show courage. For instance, Winston hides rather than openly revolts. He sneaks away with Julia and becomes part of the secret Brotherhood conspiracy. The Brotherhood’s intention is, as O’Brien tells Winston, to “betray your country for foreign powers” (Orwell 172) and other uncourageous acts such as murdering and sabotage, which he agrees to. Also, Winston shows that he is willing to ‘throw sulphuric acid in a child’s face” (Orwell 172) by agreeing with Julia to O’Brien without hesitation.
In the novel 1984 by George Orwell, the author suggests that a totalitarian government requires complete surrender of it's citizens' intellectual and social life. In 1984, the party’s control over thought is essential in maintaining a powerful monarchy and an oppressed society. Winston Smith, the protagonist, has a strong dislike against the party, and demonstrates this by writing in a diary, breaking their rules. “The diary would be reduced to ashes and himself to vapour. Only the Thought Police would read what he had written, before they wiped it out of existence and out of memory.
“Knowledge will forever govern ignorance, and a people who to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives” (James Madison). This is the situation presented in George Orwell’s 1984, where a totalitarian government, The Party, rules and oppresses the people of the fictional country of Oceania. The Party utilizes many methods of controlling the people including, taking away their privacy via constant monitoring, countless restrictions, and the most crucial device of all, the regulation of knowledge. This regulation is what keeps the people in ignorance and enables the party to easily control them due to their inadequate understanding of the situation. While the implications are so high it could be considered as barbaric, the concepts surrounding the premise are not.
Aldous Huxley once said, “One believes things because one has been conditioned to believe them.”(Brave) The protagonist of the novel, Winston sees conditioned belief happen in front of his eyes and even ends up becoming a victim of it throughout the story. In 1984, big brother keeps their population oppressed, brainwashed, and ignorant in many ways (Orwell 34). Newspeak is one of the main ways that big brother subjugates the citizens of Oceania. Most people fail to realize that newspeak is still in our society even in the 21st century. This modernized form of newspeak is what we call political correctness today.
Big Brother, being known as a large yet an infamous figure in the book, 1984 by George Orwell is a neglectful and controlling leader. Big Brother is a lying, manipulative figure who uses fear, war, and the simple minds of its society to brainwash them and force them to follow it and its ways. Using the party, the government is constantly watching people through screens, forcing them to hate the political enemies. Big Brother may be just a political image out of a book, but in the world, there have been, and still are leaders who will take advantage out of the idea that their people are scared. Their people are scared, and in need of guidance so these leaders use the fear and sense of hopelessness and control their people, using lies and faults of these opposing sides.
Winston’s neighbor, Parson was turned in for thoughtcrime by his own children. O’Brien tells Winston that he is an operative of the Ministry of Love. In chapter two, Winston’s crime was the refusal of letting the Party have control of his memory and past. O’Brien tortures him until, he agrees to accept that O’Brien is holding up five fingers, even though its four.