Winston’s fear of rats is in substance a psychological fear of what he takes to be the greatest evil – self-betrayal, betrayal of others , ratting or being a rat in general . When he sees the rats, he abandons the last piece of him left that holds onto independent thoughts. I believe that the rats broke Winstons spirit but what I also believe is that the rats play a symbolic role in this novel. Rats represent fear and corruption, they carry diseases and thrive on human garbage, they portray a realistic picture of torment, The rat is in company with death and betrayal. Winstons universe is filled with humans who act like and are treated like rats.
Norman Mailer, in his article “The Death of Benny Paret,” uses simile to show a comparison between the fight and a commonly known example. He says, “Griffith was in like a cat ready to rip the life out of a huge boxed rat.” This simile is meaningful because it shows the way Griffith was attacking Paret. It shows that Paret was helpless as he was stuck in the rope. The simile adds to the work by giving the reader a visual of what was taking place at that time. It also shows how helpless Paret was when he was punched to death in the ring.
Montresor ends up luring Fortunato down to the catacombs with him, and chains Fortunato and builds a wall around him, leaving him there to die. Throughout the story, Montresor shows who he really is by showing signs of anger, and yet cleverness. The story begins with Montresor stating he will seek and attain revenge for the thousand injuries Fortunato has caused him. Montresor has been left extremely angry with Fortunato for what he has told Montresor, and therefore, Montresor believes the ideal punishment, or revenge, is to kill and get rid of Fortunato. Montresor’s hatred for Fortunato is what leads him to his plan of chaining and burying Fortunato behind a wall.
Expressionist actors made no attempt at realistic performances, instead used exaggerated body movements to illustrate extreme emotional states. Shreck uses furtive, jerky gestures and this combined with his rodent like appearance (see Fig. 2), warns the audience that he is subhuman. Numerous accusations of antisemitism have been levelled against the film, for not only Nosferatu’s appearance but also his association with rats. These accusations are understandable in light of the fact that the film emerged at a time when anti semitism was rife in Germany.
Dickens first introduces the character Madame Defarge by giving a description of her features with the motif of dark, “ This, in combination with the lifting of her darkly defined eyebrows…” (31). In the quote, Dickens is using darkness to describe how Madame Defarge looks, which one can lead to describe Madame Defarge as an antagonist. Dickens again ties Madame Defarge and the motif of darkness by describing the rat holes that she creates in France when planning the revolution. The narrator describes, “... the rats were sleeping close together in their dark holes again…” (108). Dickens describes the poor people in France as rats, the reason being that the poor were looked upon as dirty.
“In the Penal Colony” by Kafka, demonstrates the power of bureaucracy and how it attacks a person’s quality of life and diminishes their level of humanity. The officer in the story, he who is in charge of executing prisoners with an apparatus, shows his sentiment towards it but is then met with the traveler who condemns it. The officer does not realize the lack of morality in his actions because he is a tyrant. Accordingly, the position of the officer results in tyranny as he fully internalizes the system that was instated by the old commandant which is what eventually kills him. This can be seen through the officer’s reasoning when he makes his decisions and the traveler’s disapproval of the apparatus.
Working Title In her novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee exemplifies the theme of racism and how it impaired and blemished the citizens of Maycomb County. One figure that Lee uses to represent racism is the “mad dog,” Tim Johnson. When Tim went out of control and became absurd and perilous to Maycomb County, every character in the novel knew that something had to be done about it. Like Tim, racism can and will eventually get out of control. When Atticus shot and killed Tim, this portrays as if Atticus is killing racism as a whole.
Simon is brutally murdered by the boys, having been confused for the beast. This expression of savagery depicts how fear will control the mind and express itself in an unimaginable manner. In chapter 9 of Lord of the Flies, William Golding employs repetition, symbolism, and natural imagery to convey the theme of fear controlling the human mind and inculcates one to act abnormally.
In my opinion, it may be the revealing of the sentiments towards the upper classes in France –sentiments that later led to the Reign of Terror during the Revolution. The resentment towards the bourgeois became so encompassing, that the violence shifted from animal abuse to literally killing the French nobility. It began because of the mistreatment of the apprentices by their journeymen and masters under the guild system. A man by the name of Nicolas Contat was so angry that his boss’s cat was better cared for, that he snuck onto roofs mimicking feline noises. This perturbed the man so much that he authorized Contat to rid them of the cats.
There, they were brutally treated and one was reported to be killed as they were sent to unsanitary, frigid, rat-infested cells regardless of age. Due to this inhumane manner in which they were treated, Paul started to rebel with the hunger strike method. This is said to be an Irish method where the protester was to starve themself for a cause on the doorstep of the offender. The reason being, if someone else were to see a dead body on the doorstep of anyone’s house, they would automatically assume the owner of the doorstep caused the death, bringing a bad reputation to themself. Eventually, the movement caused the workhouse to force feed the suffragists with a wide tube that gave some occupants Pleurisy-a severe lung inflammation.