Who Is George Orwell's A Totalitarian System?

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In George Orwell’s book 1984, readers get a closer look at a totalitarian system of Oceania through Winston Smith’s eyes. The system operates through four social groups: Big Brother, Inner Party, Outer Party and the most notable of all, the proletarian class. The proles are described as the working class but inferior compared to the other 3 social groups. While considered insignificant by the Inner party, they are quite significant in Winston’s mind as the proles could rebel against the Inner party if they realized the truth behind the party’s system. The totalitarian system of Oceania has a continuous cycle of deconstruction and reconstruction over their reality and utilizes it to exert their control over all their citizens. Also by using…show more content…
They are described as, “... a whole world-within-a-world of thieves, bandits, prostitutes, drug-peddlers, and racketeers of every description, it was of no importance” (72). The proles makes up eighty-five percent of Oceania’s total population and is considered to be the lowest social group among the four that are present. While being larger than the Inner Party, the proles continue to dutifully follow the rules set by their supposedly superior class and savior, Big Brother. Being a part of the proletarian class meant that lower-class citizens has to live with the bare minimum and all mattered was surviving with what they had. The quality of their living conditions are low as they are considered insignificant by the dominant social group, the Inner Party. “There were puddles of filthy water here and there among the cobbles. In and out of the dark doorways, and down narrow alleyways that branched off on either side...” (82). The quote hints that the living standards of the proles differ greatly when compared to the Outer Party’s Victory Mansions and the Inner Party’s larger living…show more content…
Even when appraised as the inferior social group, the proles are still watched for signs of rebellion as, “Every citizen, or at least every citizen important enough to be worth watching, could be kept for twenty-four hours a day under the eyes of the police and in the sound of official propaganda, with all other channels of communication closed” (206). Furthermore Oceania as a country, has adopted a totalitarian society order to restrict the population to surrender their mind, body and soul to the Big Brother to achieve the sense of equality among all social groups. “The possibility of enforcing not only complete obedience to the will of the State, but complete uniformity of opinion on all subjects, now existed for the first time” (206). By imposing their decisions upon the majority of the population, the Party establishes the point that only they can control or dispose of any object or person. Moreover, Orwell expresses that a totalitarian government will put an end to individuality and emphasize the importance of unity among all citizens through the use of indirect manipulation and propaganda. “Indeed, so long as they are not permitted to have standards of comparison, they never even become aware that they are oppressed” (207). The totalitarian system of Oceania brings forth the unity and peace that only exists within the nation during the time of wars.

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