In the article “We Are (Still) Living in an Orwellian World” by Thomas Ricks, the author states that this aspect of Oceania is especially menacing because the US has been regularly involved with war for many years (Ricks). However, this is due to America’s desire to gain resources, as opposed to Oceania’s desire to consume resources, which makes this comparison inaccurate. The article draws upon a single quote from 1984 in which Winston Smith
One of the earlier protest songs of the era, Tom Paxton’s “Lyndon Johnson Told the Nation” directly targeted both Lyndon B. Johnson as well as the action going on overseas. In one verse from the tune Paxton says “Lyndon Johnson told the nation, ‘Have no fear of escalation, I am trying everyone to please.’ Though it isn’t really war, we’re sending fifty thousand more to help save Vietnam from the Vietnamese.”. These lines hit home for many Americans at the time and was driving factor behind the initial anti-war movement. A song that emerged when the movement had become more prominent was “War” by Edwin Starr. It’s filled with a blatantly clear message and directly goes against the entire concept of war.
Source 1 - Vin Cosgrove Reasons for Australia’a Involvement in the Vietnam War: Australian troops went to train Vietnam to be able to fight their own wars We are currently reliving history because of current troops being sent to Iraq. The war was related to reasons of WWII, Australia was under serious attack and isolated (venerable to invasion) Germany, Italy and Japan were our enemies On 97 occasions Australia was bombed Australia was terrified of being invaded Because Australia was linked to USA because of the alliance, we had to contribute to the war and help out USA Australia was taught to support the country to fight communism The Domino Theory Most countries above us were falling to communism (coming closer and closer to Australia)
“What's wrong with the world, mama, People livin' like they ain't got no mamas” This verse illustrates how this generation of people that act off of impulse as if they have no home training or morals being reckless in the decisions that have lasting consequences that not only affect the individual but others as well. Overseas, yeah, we try to stop terrorism, But we still got terrorists here livin' In the USA, the big CIA The Bloods and The Crips and the KKK. This verse talks about all the violence that happens overseas like the feud with Iraq but more so the feuds that we have on the day to day basis: Gang violence, senseless killings over drugs and crimes the actual harm that we cause to each other. But if you only have love for your own race then you only leave space to discriminate and to discriminate only generates hate and when you hate then you're bound to get irate, yeah Madness is what you demonstrate. In this verse it talks about the tolerance and open- minded; we must have for everyone and not just our own race because to do so only leads to prejudice discrimination.
At one point, the Party announces that Oceania is actually at war with Eastasia, not Eurasia, and that they have always been at war with Eastasia. Winston recognizes this change, but everybody else just accepts the information and moves on. However, Oceania is in such a constant state of war that everyone blends all the wars together. No one seems to have any problem with the fact that they are constantly at war, and like Teeda Butt Mam, they probably just want peace for Oceania. Another part of the article talks about how the Khmer Rouge encouraged children to spy on their parents and find fault in them.
History Repeats Itself People say that we learn history because we don’t want to repeat it, but there are numberless instances of diffrent countries making the same mistakes and fighting for the same reasons. These wars weren’t just hundreds of years ago either, many current conflicts have resembled wars from hundreds of years ago, the war in Korea was devastating, and all the trauma was brought by the two leaders of the North and South who sought to control the whole country. Books have even been writen about the styles and similarites of wars, one such book is Animal Farm by George Orwell, where he explains a revolution through the use of an allegory. After doing reseach about the Korean Revolution, and examining the conditions of the two countries before, during, and after the war it is clear that the Korean Revolution and the revolution described in Animal Farm are very similar. Revolutions genreally spawn from poor conditions of living and polital unhappiness inside of a country.
The Vietnam War took place during the cold war era, which lasted many years and could be described as the clashing of two conflicting ideologies between the communist eastern countries and the capitalist western countries. The Americans aimed at stopping the spread of communism in Vietnam, based on the their policy of containment, which was set up to stop the spread of communism to any other country in the world. Many American citizens opposed the sending of their own troops to fight in a war that was not even theirs to lose. Many of the soldiers being sent to Vietnam were members of the youth, which led to increasingly rapid protest action amongst students, as well as the parents of the young men being conscripted. These American troops were being placed to fight in unfamiliar and harsh terrain – as the majority of Vietnam was overgrown with forests and dangerous wildlife - which negatively affected the Americans morale and diminishing their possibility of success in the war.
The upbeatness of the song made it more memorable to people. It got people to agree with their lyrics of protesting against the Americans for being part of the Vietnam War. This song was written against the War, it was made to be upbeat so people can sing along with it and protest together. However, since the War was, and currently still a serious topic and many people died in it, the song should be more sorrow and sombre to respect the soldiers that died during the Vietnam
The truth is whatever the Party wants it to be through the manipulation of language and propaganda. Oceania uses fear, surveillance, and torture to control their people. And, the Party is able to monitor its members almost all the time. In the real world, the abuse of government power in relation to the invasion of people’s privacy and going against civil rights has quickly come to citizens attention and has brought up some concerns. The privacy violations Americans experience today are similar to the privacy violations in 1984 because of surveillance, tracking, and the technology.
The two control methods are related as they contribute to one purpose the totalitarian control over the people of Oceania. The people are physiologically manipulated as discussed by the mental control measures, and physically forced into loving Big Brother. This is one of the methods the government uses to control people’s minds, by placing fear into them. The fear in 1984 limits the people into even thinking of challenging the government. The emotional trauma the people suffer is the fear they have when the government catches them not abiding to the laws.
Let’s look at what happen post 9/11. After it’s devastation, the Department of Homeland Security was created to assist in fighting the “war” against terrorism. The DHS implemented many “strategies” to help fight this war, including increasing airport security. American parents protested that TSA agents were groping their kids, and “(Janet) Napolitano (former DHS Secretary) defiantly retorted that if people did not want their children groped, they should yield and use the unpopular full-body machines – the machines being sold by her predecessor, (Michael) Chertoff” (Turley, 3). These full body scanners, which Chertoff had a hand in getting into the airports, were “heavily criticized (and little tested)”, and were sold by a company which was a client of Chertoff’s consulting agency (Turley, 3).
When the outsiders made the journey to Ellis Island, they were expecting the United States to be a safe haven compared to the turmoil that sliced Europe into the Allies and Central Powers; instead, they were thrust into the tumultuous culture of the States during the war. Immigrants had to figure out how to make the shift from supporting radical ideals to living in a democratic country. Even then, they also needed jobs. It was not uncommon for the only available jobs for these migrants were those that would require them to be berated for being “scabs.” The increase in working radical foreigners (Document C) paired with the radical ideals they brought from their home countries made it rather difficult for them to blend in with American lifestyles. The immigrants’ beliefs and inherent beliefs in communism and other extreme political views along with