There are two opposing ways to understand Manifest Destiny, humanistically or biblically. 'Manifest Destiny ' is the belief, during the 19th century, that the Anglo-Saxon Americans ' destiny was to cultivate and build institutions across The Northern American Continent. Humanisticaly, 'Manifest Destiny ' brought pride, the vice of superior race into public policy. This was used as an excuse to war against people of other races, something that isn 't in keeping a Godly position. The Christians saw America as a new promised land.
That book was Two Treatises on Government by John Locke. This work was written to justify the overthrow of James II by Parliament to invite his son in law William of Orange to become king. Locke was arguing that monarchs should respect the rights of citizens and allow the wealthy to make money and run the country. Locke was a liberal, and liberalism was an ideal that spread throughout the 19th century, and would influence concepts on power sharing and authority within societies. Liberalism was linked to the Enlightenment movement, though that movement was linked to socialism and the general will as well.
Since the early 19th century, many Americans believed that America had an obligation to expand westward and by the end of 19th century, America became an imperialist nation due to her belief in manifest destiny. Imperialism is simply defined as the policy by which a nation dominates another country or nation in order to gain their land and natural resources. America wanted to imperialist for various reason, but the three main factor was due to economical competition among industrial nations such as Europe, political and military power competition including the formation of a naval force which was proposed by Alfred Mahan and Social Darwinism which was to civilize the “inferior races” spreading technology and Christianity. In addition, the United
These countries would form a series of unions to finally emerge as more influential states. As nationalists were behind these movements, other countries in Europe feared what would happen next. If the nationalists in other parts of Europe could unite and now prove to be rivals, what would then happen to the general order of politics for the rest of Europe? The very fabric of peace that had followed the wars of the early 19th Century was
Wilhelm believed an alliance between England and Germany would be more powerful. Bismarck wanted to keep France politically isolated. But when Wilhelm didn’t renew Russia’s reinsurance policy, it turned to France for an ally. This ended France’s isolation. Second, Bismarck wanted to make Germany a European power.
Condorcet had an intention of applying universal suffrage which led to his drafting of a plan to establish a new constitution, which was clearly a more aggressive action comparing with Burke?s. In general, these two man were of great historical significance, especially their philosophies passed on to today. From their philosophies, people truly realize that on social and political issues, while being optimistic about the future, we also need to be realistic. Their works and ideas served as ancestors of two major political philosophies ? conservatism and liberalism.
Thomas Jefferson, the author of the declaration of independence, was heavily influenced by Locke’s beliefs. Jefferson believed that all men were created equal, which is a liberal view. The Constitution was also a liberal document that was important in this revolution. The first ten amendments of the Constitution, also known as the Bill of Rights, granted natural born rights, an idea that the liberal thinkers developed and believed in. Liberalism as it pertains to the 1700s means to believe in freedom and equal rights.
Ever since the United States became a nation, there has always been a two party system. The two original parties were the Federalist and Democratic-Republican. One was seeking to increase the power of the central government, the other was seeking to decrease it. The Federalist party was founded in 1792 and the Democratic Republican that was founded in 1791 (Insidegov.com, n.d.). The Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, believed in the importance of a strong central government to lead the country forward, while the Democratic Republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson, believed in increasing the average man’s role in government (study.com, 2003-2016).
The political ideology of conservatism revolves around the core political ideology of liberty. The term of conservatism emerged in 1818 during the period of Bourbon Restoration that sought to inhibit policies of the French revolution. Key factors, are to advocate for the preservation of personal wealth and private ownership (capitalism) as well as emphasizing self-reliance and individualism. Conservations aim to preserve institutions, including social hierarchy, parliamentary monarchy, property rights and religion and support Judeo –Christian values, economic liberalism, and anti-communism. Therefore a major difference of conservatisms is they believe in God and think the Constitution has been twisted by liberal judges and liberals tend to be hostile to Christianity.
In the late 19th century, the leaders of European thought that creating a balance of power would prevent this occurrence. The real causes of World War I had to do with the formation of alliances, the large amount of money spent and colonization. Before World War I, alliances were made, which had divided the world’s countries. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were all united and had been allies to reach each other’s benefits (European Alliances, 1914 Map). “Germany worried about one day having to fight a war on two fronts or two different bodies” (European Alliances, 1914).
In 1848, Berlin agitators constrained a sacred tradition to review a liberal constitution for the kingdom, making ready for unification. Bismarck was an expert of what came to be known as realpolitik. This German expression signifies "the legislative issues of reality. The term is utilized to portray intense power governmental issues with no space for optimism. With realpolitik as his style, Bismarck would get to be one of the summoning figures of German history.
The US was not always as big and powerful as it is today; there was a long journey to come this far. The US was a democratic republic and was built on a foundation consisting of a representative government that promotes individual freedom and liberty. As they strived to compete with the powerful nations of Europe on their way to becoming a world power, they had to abandon their isolationist ways and move toward a policy of imperialism. Their military and economic conquests showed a disregard for those very foundations with which their country was built upon. The way the Native Americans were treated dates back to Indian Removal Act of 1830.
This soon became a justification for colonization but George Bancroft, one of 19th century’s most distinguished historian started to believe in romantic nationalism after studying in Germany. The idea of romantic nationalism is that all races are to spread freedom across the globe. This ideology is what also made them enemies to the jacksonian democracy. Many women historians started to manifest romantic nationalist thinking, one example is Helen Hunt’s Century of Dishonor, where she wrote about the relationship between the whites and indians. (Couvares
In Smiths text we see the proposal that through liberalism the market, and society will proceed towards it best possible state, guided by a so called “invisible hand”. However, where Smiths text is in line with other enlightenment leaders of the time, in promoting the advancement of society via liberty, Fredrick’s work is found to be in stark contrast to this enlightenment principle. Instead of liberty to achieve success, Fredrick attempts to persuade the reader that only through a strong singular ruler can this vison be attained. Citing Newton’s individual findings as support for his claim, and the breakdown of society in the presence of religion, Fredrick completes his document, asserting that only with a strong and knowledgeable ruler such as himself in power, will the kingdom of Prussia become
The way in which Europeans saw themselves after the industrial revolution is the only thing that should be blamed for the occurrence of WWI. The extreme Self-confidence or the megalomania that Europeans had during 19th century contributed significantly to WWI. The historical events and patterns created that megalomania. Victorian culture, successful practice of imperialism, successful nationalism movements in Germany and Italy all made Europeans to believe that there has to be something in their blood; so that could completely shape a new world. According to the lecture, “WWI started because of the culmination of national rivalries”.