About 90% of the abortions occur in the first trimester. Since the legalization, the fatalities are still high compared to the 80s. By 2011, there were more than 1,023 facilities with permission to do so. Some of the contraceptives are not effective thus one ended up conceiving (Biggs, et al.
reported that all patients who were immobilized due to blunt trauma had higher correlation to mortality (23%), this was also associate with an increased amount of CPR on arrival to the emergency department. Of the sample, 94% of cases suffered gunshot wounds. Among these cases, those who underwent c-spine immobilization had a higher unadjusted risk of death. This study argued that the use of a cervical collar may have negative effects clinically, it may mask clinical signs, access to injury and may impair efforts to intubate the patient. However, it was noted in this study that patients with a suspected C-spine injury with penetrating trauma had no significant correlation with an increased risk of death.
Women get physically damaged from abortions and even at times killed by many complications such as cervical laceration or uterine perforation (Carbone, 1998, p. 165) If abortion is performed in a well developed country it is actually one of the safest operations in medicine. However, unsafe abortions, performed by people without proper training and outside a medical environment, result in about seventy thousand maternal deaths and five million disabilities per year globally, with twenty million of those performed unsafely (Samrah Faiz - Karachi, 2012, p.single page). Doctors have also made a link between abortion and breast cancer; more long term effects are yet to be discovered. Nonetheless, abortion results in many disease disabilities and some cases sterility; the inability to produce offspring. Eventually, the health problems related to abortion may go beyond what anyone expects so women have to be extremely
Statistically, African American women in the United States suffer from complications or death 243 percent more than white women during maternity. This is a common occurrence that many women and children face, but shouldn’t have too. Rebecca Skloots book, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, is an example of the inequality shown to African-American women in the medical world. Specifically, the unequal medical care Henrietta Lacks received, which many other black women experienced. In her book, Skloot suggests that African-American women suffer from psychological effects after receiving unequal medical care, do not receive equal medical treatment during maternity, and are more likely to die from maternal complications.
20). Patients who have irregular shape moles in their body are at high risk of developing melanoma (Silberman, par.2). The risks of having melanoma include, infection, and cause parts of your body to grow bigger than the other (par.8). There are four different types of melanoma. In 70 percent of most cases of melanoma, superficial spreading melanoma is found the most in young adults; a second form of melanoma starts of as a flat or slightly raised tan, and it is mostly found in older adults; a third form of melanoma begins under the nails and is the most common type
Pre-eclampsia is one of the most common cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. It affects around 5-8% of all pregnancies. When superimposed with convulsions it is termed as eclampsia. Other high-risk factors are multiple pregnancy, hydramnios, and molar pregnancy. It is estimated that around 1400 women dye from pregnancy-related causes
Despite improvements, racial minorities and people that suffer disabilities often face more health care disparities that lead to health inequalities including forced sterilization and an increase in cervical cancer. For instance, the American Indian/Alaska Native population is a prominent minority community that faces health disparities. In the United States, there is currently 567 federally recognized American Indian/Alaska Native tribes and 2.9 million individuals identify themselves as American Indian/Alaska Native natives alone (Dugi, 2017). These individuals continue to die faster than other Americans in many categories that can be attributed with the health disparities this population endures (Dugi, 2017). American Indians/ Alaska Natives
Surprisingly more than 2000 victims of FGM have received treatment at London Hospitals in last three years, reported by Martin Bentham in ‘London Evening Standard’, 2013. Women are victimized; genocide prevails because governments are unable to defend its people from the cultural and economical downfall. In order to provide one right to citizen, developing countries are forced to violate other human rights because the idealized standard set by western world difficult to
Communication is an important factor in determining patient outcomes, patient experiences, and healthcare costs, both positively and negatively. In fact, communication breakdown accounts for two thirds of sentinel events, the most serious of errors reported to the Joint Commission, making it the leading cause of medical errors (Starmer et al., 2014). The Institute of Medicine (1999) conservatively estimates that between 44,000 and 98,000 patients die each year from medical errors. More recent estimates predicted this number to be upwards of 400,000 deaths annually, making medical errors the third leading cause of death in the United States (Makary & Daniel, 2016). Miscommunication and handoff errors are the primary point these errors occur.
Incarceration and women’s physical health. Pre-incarceration health risks, including addiction, trauma, and mental illness, contribute to incarcerated women’s poor physical health. Data support that incarcerated women bear a disproportionate burden of illness, women having higher rates of physical health problems than non-incarcerated women as well as incarcerated men Findings from the Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2004, suggested that just over half (57%; n = 46,300) of women incarcerated in state prisons reported a current medical problem, such as arthritis (25%), asthma (19%), hypertension (17%), and hepatitis (10%).About 12% described having surgery since being incarcerated, and almost half (49%) described
Various studies have shown that heart diseases are number one killer in America. It has been observed that rate of re-hospitalization of patients, aged 55 years and up, suffering from suffering congestive heart failure is quite high than other ailments. Many researchers have pointed out that inadequate patient education at the time of discharge is one of the reasons of increased rate of readmissions in CHF patients. Many studies show that the lack of self-reliance and gist of self-care management are the root cause of re-hospitalization. Now the question arises that who will be accountable for this deficiency; the nurse educator, the patient itself, healthcare facilities and professionals, or other circumstances.
Environmental Conditions: In 2008, researchers estimated that potentially preventable adverse drug events kill 7,000 Americans annually and that medication errors that result in harm are the number-one cause of inpatient fatalities. While error rates vary widely among facilities, experts believe at least one medication error occurs per hospital patient every day (Anderson & Townsend, 2010, p. 24). Some of the most common medication errors that occur in the acute healthcare setting is due to the latent conditions. Nurses that reported working in
At least ninety percent of people living with this disease are women. Facts show that “Lupus is two to three times more common in African American women than in Caucasian women and is also more common in women of Hispanic, Asian, and Native American descent” as said by lupusresearch.org. People with this can also get flares; feel fatigue, get arthritis, fevers and rashes along their body. Since everyone is different, some people might need medication from anti-inflammation to even taking chemotherapy medication. Doctors are doing what is known as clinical trials to try and find better medicine and a cure.
Medication administration errors occurs 34 percent more often than any other preventable error. These errors directly impact patient safety. According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), there are approximately one million patients harmed in hospitals across the United States. Studies support barcode scanning medication during medication administration can prevent this type of medication error (Marx, K., Stoudenmire, L.L., & Manasco, K.B., 2013). It is report that barcode medication administration (BCMA) may reduce medication administration errors by 86 percent (Gooder, V., 2012).