2. Four Needle Stick Incidents (NSI)

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2.4 Needle-stick Incidents (NSIs)

Nurses are the most risk of needle-stick incident compared to other healthcare workers. In fact, nurses tend to be exposed 4.27 times more often than physicians. A study in Pakistan revealed that in addition to very high rates of NSIs, low safety practices including inadequate vaccination coverage, unavailability of infection control guidelines and other preventive facilities were reported. Other studies found that injuries from contaminated needles and other sharp devices used in healthcare settings have been associated with transmission of more than 20 different blood borne pathogens to nurses such as hepatitis B and HIV .In Gaza strip, a study conducted by Eljedi reported that 66% of health care workers
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