Introduction Prior to the outbreak of War, Europe experienced a strong economic environment allowing the transformation of some powerful states to empires. However, there were already clear empires during this period. The conflicts of both World War one (WWI) and World War two (WW II) can be seen as similar in the sense that as powerful states underwent continued growth and modernisation, then begun imperialising in order to access more resources by annexing land, much like the British Empire during the 19th century. However, established powers endeavoured to halt the expansionism expressed by these states. As a result of complex alliances, all of empires (both emerging and established) were at war during the 20th century. Established Empires of the 20th Century While the definition of an empire is open to discussion, Lieven (1995 p. 609) explains an empire has a governing individual or body that benefits the people and is recognised by the majority of the population. While this is definition can be applied to a number of countries not experiencing civil unrest, in addition Thompson (2013 p. 196) explains, in order for a country to be an empire there needs to be a large population, access to resources and a strong economy able to generate a surplus of wealth in order to generate a military. Moreover, Thompson (2013 p. 196) explains in recent years …show more content…
393). Britain has historically been a major power as the empire had control over the ocean with its navy (Nye 2015 p. 393). Moreover, Britain had a strong economy and abundant resources which derived from ample land and a large population (Nye 2015 p. 393). However, Britain started to become fearful of its power once other countries too started gaining access to resources, population, modernised and subsequently started building military power (Palmer et al. 2002,
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The superiority allowed them to advance as the opposition was far inferior. This superiority was what had gained them many of their new colonies however, as mentioned earlier not everywhere was so quick to back down such as the Ottoman empire and without the germs many of these empires may not have backed
Next, there is the extent of territory, for a long time, the extent of territory did not have a game-changing effect until after European nations left the feudal systems. Furthermore, an empire cannot gain benefits from additional territory unless they have the means of protecting it from enemies. Another element of sea power was population. During the time between 800-1805 there was a limited population per state; thus, there was a hinders effect on other European countries since economic roles were key to sea power. Not having a larger enough population to sustain economic roles is why other countries were not able to compete with Great Britain and ultimately lead to Britain gaining command of the sea.
At the end of World War II, Western European powers sought political stability after a period of turmoil and devastation. Germany was divided into two spheres of influence: East Germany, controlled by the Soviet Union, and West Germany, controlled by the Allies. Western Europe attempted to unify in the post-war economy, and various views arose regarding this potential unity. The unification of Western Europe was met with opinions that were largely motivated by a nation’s own economic and political interests.
New Imperialism: Economically Driven In the late nineteen century, a new imperialism emerged in Britain and the rest of the world. This New Imperialism was characterized by the rapid growth in the territories controlled by the British and other countries around the world. For Britain, they acquired the majority of their new territory by participating in the ‘scramble for Africa’.
The fifth example is what the imperialist empires, in regards to other races considered below them and inferior to them, believe their purpose in the world to be. For example, the British empire believed that its role was “educating and Christianizing the ideigenous population to the point where they could expect someday, even if that day were long off, to govern themselves. They believed they were bringing progress and improvement to people who had fallen under the sway of ‘oriental despots’ but who, because they were born rational men and with exposure to liberal reforms, eduation, free trade, and Christianity, could learn the ways of self- government” (Kent 216). Imperialist empires secondarily used race, after intervening with other
Nationalism in the 19th century truly set the boundaries for Europe’s newly reformed nations. With technological innovations like the steam engine and Maxim rifle European countries now held a power truly feared by others. With this power, they began to triumphantly expand all over the world. Africa was the country that bore the most sufferable pain. Europe imperialism over Africa resulted in situations where people like King Leopold completely abused and mistreated entire African tribes.
When empires start developing, it indicates a nation has reached the second phase in the social season of summer. This is the point in the evolutionary cycle where there is a sense of national confidence a tested military. It sets out to flex its presence on other nations. Britain built an empire by establishing trade then trading posts, slowly started the process of encroachment by enlisting indigenous groups as part of a militia force. They used enticements to draw in the local elites, with the intention to set up colonies and strengthen trade and political influence.
During the 1800s, the Ottoman Empire, the ruling government of much of the Islamic world since the 15c, grew weaker In relation to Europe. Since it grew weaker i dint think that it can be avoided. Slowly the Empire began to lose its lands In North Africa and the Balkans to European powers and nationalist movements. At the same time, Western cultural and economic influence grew in some parts of the Middle East. The "Age of European Imperialism" brought further losses of territory until, by 1914 at the beginning of World War I, the Ottoman Empire consisted only of Turkey, Palestine, Syria, and the Arabian Peninsula.
Imperialism In the 19th and 20th centuries, various powerful nations sent colonizers to dominate weaker nations and expand their influence. This domination is called imperialism, which is still practiced today in moderation. Among the many countries shaped by imperialism were India and China. These two large countries were both colonized by the British who were one of the greatest imperialistic powers at that time.
The period of 1914 to 1945 in Europe has been marked by major economic and political upheavals as economic growth and integrations of many ideological and cultural development were interrupted and set back by two world wars. An era that saw the demise of the old liberal through years of unprecedented bloodshed before finally reaching an uneasy peace. Beginning with the period of the New Imperialism, where industrial production and the search for markets brought life to expansion. An era heavily drenched in the aspect of ethnocentrism where The Europeans colonized countries such as Africa and India, which was not politically secure modernized, believing that they could bring civilization. Although It brought modernized technology and certain
An empire is defined as an extensive supreme authority across many countries; something that cannot be broken or unrivaled in its glory and throughout the ages there have been many rise and fall situations where an empire can last for decades but also can fall within the mere beginning of when it starts to spread. Ancient empires before the 600BC used several strategies to become successful. One of the methods that made empires successful and sustainable during this period was effective war skills. During this period, empire were usually acquired and created through wars. For instance, Nebuchadnezzar the then King of Babylon made his kingdom very powerful through capturing Jerusalem and bringing it to Babylon in 586 BC.
The early 20th century had a remarkable impact on human kind, creating ripples in the continuum of history that are still felt in modern times. The biggest and by far the most remarkable event was World War 1. It's main trigger being the assassination of Archduke Franz the war began tragic and tense. In an attempt to prevent Germany from becoming too powerful, other European joined powers for what was to be an exhausting and long battle of attrition. The war was essentially a huge chain of events, tracing back to the Franco-Prussian War and the actions of important people like Otto Von Bismarck.
Economic and political problems have led empires to collapse. Although the Roman empire and the Ottoman empire were powerful empires, they could not evade their problems with in their empire. The Romans dominated Europe, parts of Africa, and parts of the Middle East for centuries, but they economic and political problems that made them lose it all. Commerce had disappeared due to the lack of customers, piracy on the seas, and insecurity on roads. Trade in everyday use had also disappeared, but trade in luxuries prospered.
INTRODUCTION Politics is defined as the activities associated with the governance of a country or area, especially the debate between parties to having power. It shows that "who gets what, when, how and at whose expense”. Then, the state of a country or region in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services and the supply of money are called economy. Economy is also a careful management of available resources.
I seek to explain the onset of World War I, World War II Europe, and World War II Pacific by using a systemic level of analysis, particularly dynamic differentials theory. Dynamic Differentials Theory states that war is likely when a dominant power is facing deep and inevitable decline. These dominant powers are more likely to wage war against another power because they suspect their own power is fleeting and want to prevent their decline by any means necessary. This theory also states that war is only likely in a multipolar system when the declining state has substantially more military power than the others, and will only declare war when the declining power believes its military strength has reached its peak. WORLD WAR