Carbon dioxide and water in the solution were also clear. Once the solution was completely titrated, Mn7+ ions remained unreduced and changed the color of the solution to pink. The KMnO4 was added to each solution until the oxalate solution reached the end point and changed to an extremely light pink color. The change in volume in the burette of the potassium permanganate recorded in all three trials was used to calculate the moles of oxalate in the 0.100-gram compound, giving the percent composition of the compound. The three trials reacted 27.95 mL, 26.61 mL, and 25.74 mL of potassium permanganate to determine 55.7%, 53.0%, and 51.3% respectively of oxalate in the compound with a 53.3% average.
Abstract In this laboratory, methanol is reacted with a tertiary alkyl chloride to make ether. The triphenylmethyl is isolated from the triphenylmethyl chloride. Methanol is then added and the class does the recrystallization . The methanol acts as a solvent for the reaction as a nucleophile. Because it is a tertiary benzylic halide, the reaction is considered an SN1 type.
In this experiment we have 6% salt solution, 12% salt solution, 18% salt solution and 24% salt solution. We are going to weigh out the mass of the dry glassware, which will be a volumetric flask, and then the mass of the glassware with the water in it. After we measure the glassware with the water in it
Confirmation tests for mercuric chloride: 1- After adding stannous chloride, gray precipitate will be formed: 2HgCl2 + SnCl2 → Hg2Cl2↓ (white ppt) + SnCl4 Hg2Cl2↓ + SnCl2→ 2HgO ↓ (black ppt) + SnCl4 2- Add potassium iodide, scarlet red precipitate is obtained and it's soluble in excess Iodide: Hg2+ + 2I- → HgI2↓ HgI2↓ + 2I- → [HgI4] Special reactions of HgCl2: 1- Yellow precipitate of HgO is obtained when it reacts with NaOH: Hg2+(aq) + 2OH-(aq) --> HgO(s) + H2O(l) HgCl2(s) + 2OH-(aq) --> HgO(s) + H2O(l) +
In this lab, the oxidation of a secondary alcohol was performed and analyzed. An environmentally friendly reagent, sodium hypochlorite, was used to oxidize the alcohol, and an IR spectrum was obtained in order to identify the starting compound and final product. The starting compound could have been one of four alcohols, cyclopentanol, cyclohexanol, 3-heptanol, or 2-heptanol. Since these were the only four initial compounds, the ketone obtained at the end of the experiment could only be one of four products, cyclopentanone, cyclohexanone, 3-heptanone, or 2-heptanone. In order to retrieve one of these ketones, first 1.75g of unknown D was obtained.
Free chlorine is the chlorine available to sterilise the water and is usually represented by hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite ions. When a solution containing free chlorine is exposed to ultraviolet light both hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite ions are broken down as shown below: 2OC〖l^-〗_((aq.))+u.v.→2C〖l^-〗_((aq. ))+〖O_2〗_((g)) 2HOCl_((aq.))+u.v.→2HCl_((aq. ))+〖O_2〗_((g)) When chloramine is exposed to high-energy ultraviolet light, the Cl-N or Cl-H bonds will be broken. Then, shorter wavelength ultraviolet light (less than 230nm) will break down water molecules into hydroxyl radicals that will oxidize the chloramines rapidly.
After that, the flask was filled to the mark with distilled water. Both flasks were then swirled to combine the solution Copper Standard Solutions Preparation: To prepare the copper standard solutions the students added 15 M NH¬4OH (4mL) to a designated amount of stock solution (0.100 M) in a volumetric flask (50mL). Standards one through six contained the following mL of original stock solution: 1.00, 2.00, 4.00, 6.00, 8.00, and 10.00. Once each of these solutions were combined with the ammonium hydroxide (4 mL) they were filled to the mark on the volumetric flask (50mL) with distilled water and swirled. Recording Absorption
An easy synthesis of 5-trifluoromethylated oxazole compounds as a building block which would be able to transform into effectively useful pharmaceuticals or chemicals can be achieved to improve the practical use. In this study, we describe the new synthesis of methyl 5-trifluoromethyl-2-phenyloxazole-4-carboxylate which derived from 4-alkoxy oxazole in one-pot by utilizing Cornforth rearrangement. At this time, we took an interest in the experimental result that no precursors of rearrangement were detected in this reaction. The strategy of designing and synthesizing compounds that inhibited reclosure from nitrile ylide resulted in successful capture of unstable precursors. Introduction The methods which substitute fluorine for proton at an
The two primary hydroxyl functionalities provide excellent reactivity during both the esterification process and the subsequent crosslinking reaction. Although the cyclohexyl ring is completely saturated, the presence of labile beta hydrogens lowers the exterior durability of polyesters based on this diol. Generally, this diol is used for its excellent contribution to hardness and backbone rigidity. Ni et al  and Awasthi and Agrawal  can be considered in both works, 1,4 cyclohexanedimethanol was used for the synthesis of hydroxylated