After the passage of Title IX, the amount of women enrolled into schools has increased to the point where there are more women enrolled in college than men. For example, Cornell University admitted just two women a year, and now 70-80% of the students are women (The Real). This shows that women are starting to outnumber the amount of men enrolled in colleges. As Title IX got passed women have been booming with their education, fully taking advantage for the fortunate opportunity they were given. During 1973, 43% of women were enrolled in college, but by 1994 it grew to 63% (Title).
According to early studies, it reveal association between maternal cadmium exposure from smoking and adverse pregnancy outcomes, the effect is that cigarette smoke contains more then three thousand including metal element cadmium, lead, nickel and cobalt. The result of the study by Nishijo et al.(2002), suggested that there is association between maternal cadmium exposure and adverse reproductive outcomes and to the effect of smoking. Preterm and cesarean section deliveries were occur four times more frequently in women with the high cadmium burdens (cadmium > to micro per gram creatinine) then with lower cadmium burdens (urinary cadmium < to micro per gram creatinine). While uishijo et al.(2002). Found inverse relation between urinary cadmium excretion and gestational age after adjustment for maternal age.
A census was taken in 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006 & 2011 which stated the families whom had 1, 2, 3 or 4 & more children (ages 0-17) living dependently on the parents. (image and information sourced from AIFS) Families with one to two children constantly remained the most common across the five years each census was recorded; this combined accounted for the 77% of families in 1991, and increasing to 80% in 2006 and 2011. Around 40% of all families with children under 18 years had two children in this age group, while the proportion with only one child in this age group increased from 37% in 1991 to 40% in 2011.
It’s all individual. As per the study conducted by the Women’s Health Initiative, it was observed that women who took placebos were at a higher risk of developing endometrial cancer when compared to women treated with EPT. It was also seen that the risk of breast cancer increased only slightly, with eight cases of breast cancer in a year per 10,000 women who were studied, although the risk increased with the continuity of EPT. Talk to your doctor to decide the best approach for
The need for birth control has grown due to increased sexual activity in teens. Each year 850,000 adolescent girls become pregnant. 41.3% of pregnancy are teens 15-19 years old and 20% of abortions are teens. With the growing use of birth control in teens in the last decade teen pregnancy rates are steadily going down.
3). Furthermore, “in 2009 there were only marginally more female ‘computer programmers’ than in 1972 (20.3 percent now compared to 19.9 percent then),” however, “ after an initial increase in women’s share of the occupation to more than one-third of programmers in the late 1980s, their share has fallen consistently since 1989” (Hegewisch et al., 2010, p. 3). A sad conclusion of the report is that “occupational gender segregation for young women, aged 25 – 34 years, is now stronger than it was at the beginning of this millennium” (Hegewisch et al., 2010, p. 13). Blau, Brummund, and Yung-Hsu Liu (2013) confirmed these findings through their survey that showed trends in occupational segregation.
The number of IUD insertions increased from 6.17 million in 1971 to 13.95 million in 19736. Both abortion and sterilization operations grew in this time, reaching an all time high in 1975. So by 1980 the fertility rate had dropped to 2.38. Once the one child policy had launched, even harsher restrictions applied to certain families. Mandatory IUD 's, sterilizations, and abortions became increasingly reported.
Birth control allows many women to prevent pregnancy. Women who chose birth control, which is also known as contraception have a way less percentage of becoming pregnant(Planned,Parenthood). Birth control has been around for many years and it has been used by many women all over the world as well. The use of birth control helps women to determine how many children they want to have and also the timing of all their pregnancies(KidsHealth). Using birth control can significantly lower woman 's chances of becoming pregnant.
In the 1980s a greater number of women who had previously identified as right wing in the 50s flipped sides and became more left wing (Norris 2003, 149). This traditional gap closed in the 1960s and 1970s and the modern gender gap began to emerge. The size of the gender gap has also changed and shrunk to only a few percentage points in recent elections (Norris 2003, 150). There are believed to be four major causes and hypotheses of gender realignment: “issue-based” explanations, structural explanations, political mobilization, and generational accounts (Norris 2003, 155).
According to Kathryn Krost and Stanley Henshaw in their article U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions, 2008: State Trends by Age, Race and Ethnicity the United States alone has a teen pregnancy rate of 3 in every 10 teenage girls. Krost and Henshaw state how this means that 30% of teenage girls will get pregnant at least once before the age of twenty, which equates to about 750,000 teenage pregnancies every year. A study performed at the University of Texas at Austin shows that over the past twelve months about 3 in 5 pregnant teens have used one or more substances, which is a percentage that is nearly double that of nonpregnant teens. This sample included nearly 100,000 young girls from the ages of twelve to seventeen. While pregnant, if a woman who is pregnant and she consumes alcohol then she is putting her child more at risk than she is putting herself at risk.
More babies were born after the war than ever before just in 1946 alone 3.4 million babies were born, and begun the so called “baby boom.” Couples after the war had children to make up for the lost time, and the economic prosperity of America at the time. At the same time the suburban boom occurred with families moving out of the cities into surrounding areas. Year after year more and more babies were born with the numbers rising every year until over 4 million babies a year were born; until 1964 when the birth rate started to decline, and ending the baby boom generation. By the end of 1964 baby boomers made over 40% of America’s population.
Six decades after the country 's independence, and during the 21st century Female foeticide still continues in India. Women constitute half of the population in India, meaning half of the population has been deprived of its self-respect and subjugated into its grim existence. Infant mortality in India continues to remain higher than that of males. The percentage of girls enrolled in schools is 49% compared to 73% of boys, and the percentage of employed women has dropped from 71% to 41%. Crimes against women have also increased.
Racial and ethnic disparity in teen pregnancy rates abound. The National Campaign (2014), observed that African American female teens are twice in danger of getting pregnant than white teenagers; about four out of every ten of them would have gotten pregnant by their 20th birthday, and that as at 2010, the pregnancy rate for this racial group already stood at 99.5 out of every 1000 for female teens aged 15 to 19. Further studies suggest that the Hispanic/Latino minority group is not far behind, with rates greater than the national average (Shoff & Yang, 2012). The economic costs are enormous and multifaceted; educational, health, occupational, economic, and so on.