5.0 Conceptual Conceptual Framework

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5.0 Conceptual/ theoretical Framework The conceptual framework are two types of approaches being practiced by teachers which are Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) and Grammar Translation Method (GTM) depends on teachers. Both approaches have different effects for the competency in speaking. Students gain high competency in speaking with the practice of CLT approach, but low competency with GTM approach. The study asses into the activities conducted in class and lesson presentation from teachers by practicing CLT. Data gathered through the classroom observation and interview and being analyzed based on the conceptual framework. Meanwhile, data are extracted through students’ performance in classroom for their speaking…show more content…
8.2 What is the level of communicative competency of the secondary school students by using English language? 8.3 How does the teacher’s practice on the approach in the classroom can influence the speaking competency level of the secondary school students? 8.4 What are the appropriate methods can be used to improve the speaking competency level of the secondary school students? 9.0 Significance of the Study The purpose for this research is to find out the main problem of what makes the teachers’ practice on Communicative Language Teaching Approach (CLT) in helping the students’ communication skill constantly failed. The most beneficial person would be the teachers. They will be having awareness on enhancing the students’ communication skill and recognize their mistake in implementing the communication skill in their lessons to ensure students are able to practice their communication skill using English language. Besides, the results from the research can help the school authorities to identify their problems and to improve their strategy in using the Communicative Language Teaching Approach (CLT). Thus, they can find the best way to help their students improving their English language proficiency in…show more content…
But it cannot account for both drills on the one hand and genuinely communicative activities on the other. (ELT Journal, Volume 36, Issue 3, 1 April 1982, p164–168) In this research, communicative is an approach with the purpose of being effective in interaction for formal situation. 11.4 Competency Competency is a set of structured guidance that enabling the evaluation, identification and development of an individual’s behavior. The term “competence” as a concept for performance motivation first appeared in an article written by R.W.White in 1959. For the purpose of this research, competency refers to the combination of speaking task that able to use correct grammar to orally communicate with people in English language. 11.5 Practice Practice is the actual application or use of an idea, method or belief with the theories relating to it. In this study, practice is a way influenced by teacher’s exposure to certain knowledge or theory and being used in
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