⦁2.3. LAISSEZ-FAIRE LEADERSHIP STYLE Initially portrayed laissez-faire leadership style by recognizing three unique styles of basic leadership: autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. Laissez-faire leadership, otherwise called delegate leadership, is somewhat leadership style in which leaders hands-off and allow assemble people to settle on decisions. Consultants found this is for most part leadership style that prompts least efficiency among group individuals. The subordinates of laissez-fair leaders need search for various sources support them settling on indisputable decisions.
1. Transactional Leadership Transactional leaders have the sense of reaction instead of action; they only behave when they are essential and they do not have a sense of motivation, innovation, or inspiration. (Butler and Chinowsky, 2005, p. 121). 2. Transformational Leadership “Arouses awareness and interest in group or organization Increases confidence of individuals or groups Attempts to move concerns of subordinates to achievement and growth rather than existence.” (Butler and Chinowsky, 2005, p. 121).
Fred Fiedler, Paul Hersey, and Ken Blanchard, Robert House 1960's Contingency Theories This theory argues that there is no single way of leading and that every leadership style should be based on certain situations. Max Weber, Bernard Bass,. 1970's Transactional leadership Theories This theory is characterized by a transaction made between the leader and the followers. This means, it values a positive and mutually beneficial relationship. James MacGregor Burns, Bernard M. Bass 1970's Transformational Leadership Theories The theory states that this process is by which a person interacts with others and is able to create a solid relationship that results in a high percentage of trust.
According to the theory, the style of leadership I'm good at is suitable for followers with high readiness but lack confidence which long for encouragement and personal support (Daft,2015, p70). Dr. Petrock argues that most companies today focus on employees’ low productivity while the above all leadership problem is managers’ inadequate leadership skills (Hays, 1999, para4). This course shapes my theoretical knowledge and If I ever come across a similar situation, I will inspire members towards the broader vison instead of focusing on just the individuals. Leadership is a process of activities and relationships that people engage rather than a noun (Lambert, 1998, p18). I will explore leadership skills through textbook and leadership course to lay foundation firstly as a competent and hard-working person gets the approval and followers always follow those they respect (Parent, 2015.para8).
Active management by exception - where managers are proactive expecting issues to occur and monitor and correct progress where required. 4. Lassiez-faire - where the leader creates an environment that allows employees numerous opportunities to make decisions. The leader takes a background position and provides no direction to the employees and abstains from giving guidance which often leads to chaos. Transactional leadership differs from transformational leadership in structure and method where transactional leadership uses approaches that include positive and negative reinforcement while transformational leadership is based on motivation and inspiration.
It is employers who decide whether and how to empower employees so as to generate commitment and enhance their contribution to the organization (Willkinson, 1997). According to Paul Adler (1995) in employees’ empowerment “the loss of management’s power over employees seems to be more than compensated by the competitive benefits of the associated increases in the organization’s power to accomplish its
However in some situations, where the employee has gained complete understanding in his field of work and has proved time and again decision making capabilities, he may be better off with a laissez-faire leader (Goodnight, 2011). Laissez-faire leadership style is essentially the absence of any leadership. Here the leader avoids all responsibility by keeping himself preoccupied thereby being absent when employees seek support and direction. This style should be differentiated from empowering leadership as here, the leader gives no advice is given as to how to achieve objectives even when the performance
Every organization searches the Effective and dynamic quality of leadership. It specifies that its very difficult to delineate the successful leader. The factor which distinguishes the successful organization from one and as well as the unsuccessful is the presence of effective leadership (Hersey et al., 1996). Webster defined a leader as , The person one who guides by going in advance or one who directs as in a direction. According to Gardner the capacity of individuals which may influence others either directly or indirectly.
He believes that the difference between leaders and followers is that leaders lead followers and followers follow leaders. He has always been of the view that smalrt leaders are those who have the ability to develop smart followers. A leader working with an incompetent or incapable team will never be a great leader. In every diversification process that Reliance has undertaken, he did not rely on existing leaders in his business. He instead opted for talented manpower and smart leaders who have expertise in the specific domain where Reliance was venturing into.
Autocratic style of leadership which is also known to many as authoritarian leadership places focus on one individual in charge of a group is run, this individual makes all the necessary decision with little or no input from the other member of the group. An authoritarian leader is very useful especially if this individual in charge of a group that is not enthusiastic or interested in getting the work done, this allows this leader to take control of this group and make the appropriate decisions in getting the work done, this leader work based on his or her judgement and do not give what he or she considers to be important duties to the other member of the group. There are a lot of downsides to an autocratic leadership style due to the fact the autocratic leaders makes al the decisions in the group it can cause the other group members to resent them or to feel inferior to them.