This led to conflicts in theological teachings between Protestants and Catholics. The theological teachings of Catholics were centered around scripture and tradition, whereas Lutheranism focused solely on scripture. Luther believed the scripture revealed that a soul was justified through faith alone, because the sacrifice of Jesus atoned for all sins; one had to only believe to be saved. Yet, he also believed that the elect to be saved were chosen
In the Protestant system it is a single act of God, followed by sanctification. It is based upon the merits of Christ, conditioned by faith, and manifested by good works. Luther’s doctrine of justification by faith was the key insight that sparked the Reformation. He began to teach and preach in accordance with his new understanding of the Book of Romans. He gradually began to realize that something was seriously wrong with the Catholic system, which emphasized meritorious works, penance, prayer to the saints, relics, indulgences, and so on, rather than simple faith in Jesus
Others define grace as that which saves the worst of us. Chapter 2:8-9 of Ephesians in the New International Version Bible states that “it is by grace you have been saved, through faith- and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God- not by works, so that no one can boast,” (New International Version Bible, Ephesians 2.8.9). O’Connor has a specific way of defining and showing grace. She created tales of hypocrisy, sin, and forgiveness that are violent but honest. Often depicting grace as a decision just before death, she shows the harsh reality that one must
In Source 1, it talks about how Martin Luther was thinking about the difference between “justice of God” and “the just shall live by faith”. The author of this source uses such words as “grace” and “mercy” to indicate that people are placing God as priority rather than placing God on the same level as them. Also in Source 1, the author makes clear that if you have the truth faith for God, then you are looking up upon God. You also have the love towards this important figure that will never die. This Source 1 is reliable because the author is Martin Luther himself and he is putting down his own mind toward how ‘he’ sees God and how the ‘other people’ see God and how they are
It is Jesus Christ alone who mediates the sacraments to allow grace to flow to mankind. The sacraments were instituted by Christ and were part of the Liturgical Tradition of the early Christian Church. The Church celebrates in her liturgy the Paschal mystery of Christ, his Sacrifice on the Cross, Death and Resurrection. Baptism: Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life, as we are born of the water and the Spirit. Baptism is necessary for salvation (John 3:5), and conveys a permanent sign that the new Christian is a child of God.
He argues from his Pentecostal background that Spirit-baptism is distinct from and subsequent to conversion. He argues that “Luke does not present the reception of the Spirit as necessary for one to enter into and remain within the community of salvation.” This perspective is based on the gift’s function which is to provide “power for witness and not justification before God or personal cleansing.” He continues that it is “prophetic enabling that empowers one for participation in the mission of God.” When Jesus received the Spirit at the Jordan, it was to empower Him to fulfill His messianic assignment. Menzies buttresses his point by adding that Luke understands the Pentecostal gift to the disciples as being parallel to Jesus’ Jordan experience and it is for empowering for mission and this Pentecostal experience is paradigmatic to all believers. He strengthens his case by adding that “the Spirit came upon the disciples at Pentecost (Acts 2), not as the source of new covenant but as the source of power for effective witness.” Since it is a separate event from conversion, the gift of the Spirit is bestowed upon those who are already converted. Therefore for Jesus the Spirit was to empower Him for His preaching and miracles and later for the disciples it was to empower them to be witnesses.
The second word in the statement ‘us’, proves 2 separate beings… not one. The statement itself; to make man in God’s image, if there were three entities that made this omnipotent creator who he was, wouldn’t man be made up the same? No humans of any religious domination claim themselves to be a trinity! The strongest argument against the dogmatic doctrine of the trinity comes from the Gospel according to Matthew, 3rd chapter verses 15 through 17, when Jesus was baptized. The Gospel clearly states when Jesus was baptized, the heavens were opened, the Holy Spirit descended in the form of a dove upon Jesus, and the voice of God came from the sky claiming “This is my ‘son’, the beloved, with whom I am well pleased”.
1.11-12) Therefore, I agree with Aquinas on this argument. Things do not happen by chance. I believe that humans, nature, and animals were all created form God. We are wonderfully and intricately made and to believe that we were not created by God is unimaginable to me. Now let’s explore the fifth way that Aquinas argues.
In the New Testament, the same statements about faith are there in Romans 1:17, Galatians 3:11, Hebrews 10:38. You got saved by your faith in Jesus, not by any good deeds or any written laws. As Christians we should live by the faith in Jesus. Martin Luther, the famous monk started his reformation through this verse. Luther was always guilty and very much aware of his sins, which made him fall short from Gods laws.
By questioning the sale of indulgences and arguing that the pope does not have complete authority over forgiveness of sins and, to a larger extent, salvation, Luther established a precedent for the word of the Church to be called into question rather than it having absolute authority. Given that Luther opens his 95 Theses with “out of love and concern for the truth,” it is clear that his intentions are not necessarily to completely undermine the authority of the Catholic Church, but rather to open a dialogue between the Catholic Church and its faithful on what is actually true in regards to God. The collective judgment of the Catholic community, particularly those who did not have positions of power in the Church, would then have a much greater effect on the direction in which the Catholic Church took than it would have before Luther’s 95 Theses.
In Severus’ Life of St. Martin he describes Saint Martin as a very Christ like humble, devout character. He is beyond worldly possession and more about creating a connection with God. In the biography Severus portrays Severus as completely opposed to violence. St. Martin never used violence by any means even in the face of imminent death. An example of this is when Martin converts a robber to the Christian faith.
No doubt the preceding notion was unwelcome to both Catholics and Protestants. For Catholics the source of knowledge is the divine revelation rather than human endeavor. Although the "five ways" of proving the existence of God proposed by St. Thomas Aquinas are rational approaches, all five arguments are based on divine manifestation. Under Anselm 's premise that faith precedes reason, knowledge is a supernatural gift of grace and truth is all that God has revealed because he has revealed it. The role of our rational human mind is simply to accept the revelation rather than to explore the uncharted water.