The fact that these Reformers stuck to their beliefs even when people were being banished for their Protestant views was further evidence that these people of the Reformation had strong beliefs in it. “Between 1525 and 1535 a number of English reformers were living in exile in Europe, unwelcome in Henrician England.” Youth who did not truly believe in the Reformation would not have had this type of commitment. This type of commitment would only lie in the hearts of people who truly believed in what they were reforming. Reflecting back to what was pointed out earlier, the reformers had goals for the future of the church and society.
A). This action was towards the common good in order to teach the youths of society to not follow what they were tempted to do, but to know the habits that can make them progress through life, avoid immorality and to make them be a part of a better society. When reform movements became common in the 1830s, one movement targeted religion according to Document B where their belief was, “When the churches are . . . awakened and reformed, the reformation and salvation of sinners will follow, going through the same stages of conviction, repentance, and reformation” (Doc. B).
He believed that God offered himself to everyone and we can only be saved through him (Charles Grandison Finney Article).
This awakening promised access to salvation through a person’s actions and declared the truth of personal salvation. The reformers of the era called for a recreation of the protestant faith something that had been set in place for over hundreds of years. Through this awakening church leaders wanted to reinvent the Christian faith and broke into groups such as the Mormons, Millerites, and the Shakers. This era proved the American characteristic of reinvention through the recreation of the Christian faith to the denominations likings, much similar to the
March 1638, a most grievous trial has ended. In the Bay Colony a woman of God, Mrs. Anne Hutchinson, has been banished from our commonwealth for her faith in the Lord our God. Mrs. Hutchinson has caused quite a stir since her arrival in Massachusetts. The controversy, centered around house meetings based on the teachings of John Cotton (WGBH Educational Foundation 2010) held by Mrs. Hutchinson, has landed her in this unusual predicament. Mrs. Hutchinson’s proclamation is that salvation comes through grace, not works (WGBH Educational Foundation 2010).
Since the Protestants advocated for secularism, countries either supported the Catholic church or were against it. One Protestant doctrine was Sola Scriptura and Sola Fide, which was Latin for scripture alone and faith alone. This idea can be seen when Martin Luther stated “A Christian is free & independent in every respect, a bondservant to none”. Luther did not see the Catholic church as Christian and wished to return Christianity to its original form. As a result of this, he was denounced by the church as he threatened their economic and political power.
During the 1730s and 1740s the Great Awakening was a religious revival that lead by the Protestants. The main idea of the revivals was to preach a new idea of being reborn which meant that one must except Jesus Christ as their lord and savior. Once that occurred the people in return they will be forever saved and be forgiven for the sins they have committed in the past and the ones they will commit in the future. The text the Itinerants Chapter 2 from the Great Awakening PDF is a great text to read for information on the Great Awakening. The text shows how people like George Whitefield and others like him reshaped the landscape of the religious world.
The decline of Calvinism during the First Great Awakening yielded a more individualistic view of salvation and religion as a whole, inevitably resulting in new interpretations of Puritanism. Before the First Great Awakening began, the Massachusetts Bay Colony experienced a decline in religion between 1700 and 1725. The colonists viewed the ministers as too formal and lacking religion of the heart. However, beginning around the 1730s, the revival brought a new style of emotional, oratory preaching, which argued that everyone was damned unless he/she repented. This introduced the question “what can I do to be saved?”
During the 16th century in Europe, the beginning of a reformation occurred that still affects us to this day. This shift in ideas and action caused wars, persecutions, and brought about a counter reformation. This event is known as the Protestant Reformation. Although many people attribute the reformation beginning with Martin Luther nailing his 95 theses to the church door in 1517, there were signs of reform stirring in the church before that.
His teachings at the University of Wittenberg showed the sinful ways of Christens. In a time when salvation was for sale to build extravagance, Luther preached that salvation only came by faith. While at the University
On All Saints Day, October 10th, 1517, Martin Luther wrote a lengthy letter named as “The Ninety-Five Theses” to the Bishop Albert of Mainz (“Martin Luther”). This letter stated that the Bible is the central authority of the Protestant religion and one can attain salvation by their loyal faith to God. “The Ninety-Five Theses” letter became a huge impact for the Protestant Reformation, and it was one of the major reasons why this religion was spread around Europe; however, it also focused on practices from Catholic churches about baptism and absolution (“Martin Luther”). The Protestants used the letter to form their ideas about God and to start their own church denominations. In addition, Protestantism helped a lot during this movement because its belief is that God saved everyone by His faith to Jesus Christ, himself.
John Calvin was a French Theologian who and was the leader of the Protestant Reformation (John Calvin, World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras). He first had studied to become a priest then became fascinated with theology and started to study it (John Calvin, World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras). The church taught that if you are not a part of God than you will not go into heaven. John Calvin believed that all people are flawed and corrupt so because of this they can not understand or take part in his salvation (John Calvin, World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras). John Calvin’s moral was everyone should live a moral life and hope that God will save them (John Calvin, World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras).
Main Causes of the Reformation There are many reasons why the Reformation occurred and what the main causes were. Many priests were illiterate and did not teach the same values to people that were contained in the Bible. Indulgences were widely disputed because some religious figures deemed them arbitrary and to others it seemed ridiculous that you could pay money and be absolved of sin. Additionally, many people became more skeptical of the church after several popes turned out to be incorrect on matters of faith.