He was a co-founder of Afro-Cuban jazz. As a young boy, youngest of nine he started playing trumpet at the age of the 12. He was accepted into the Laurinburg Institute in North Carolina, but later dropped out of school to pursue his dreams of being a musician. One of Gillespie’s inspirations was Roy Eldridge who he was greatly influenced he soon gained the fresh nickname of ‘’Dizzy’’. Dizzy Gillespie died January 6, 1933 of Pancreatic Cancer in Englewood, New
Dizzy Gillespie got the nickname Dizzy from his zany on-stage antics his real name is John Birk Gillespie, he set a new standard for trumpet players with his innovative “jolting rhythmic shifts and ceaseless harmonic explorations” on the instrument during the 1940s, Which ushered in a new definitive change in American jazz music from swing to bebop during the 20th century and one of the prime architects of the bebop movement in jazz. Dizzy was the last of nine kids, was born in Cheraw, South Carolina, in 1917 to his father and mother James and Lottie Gillespie. His father was a bricklayer, pianist and band leader, his father kept all of his band instrument at his house, the great trumpet play was surrounded by musical instrument during his
He spent one night in jail, and was then transferred to live at a reform school, the Colored Waif’s Home for Boys. Little did Louis know, that this would be a blessing in disguise. There he learned to play the cornet. Soon after, he was “appointed leader of the school band, which often paraded and performed in and around the city.” (Anderson, Paragraph 4) At age sixteen, Armstrong was released from Waif’s Home and “was sent to live with his father.” (Brown, Page 22) However, he quickly went back to living with his mother and sister. During this time, he “obtained his first job as a professional musician.” (Anderson, Paragraph 5) “Armstrong’s reputation as a musician continued to grow,” (Biography.com, Paragraph 7) and he soon was mentored by another local cornet player, King Oliver.
Duke Ellington was a musician active during the Harlem Renaissance. In the 1920s, Ellington moved to Harlem and started to play shows at The Cotton Club. Though he mainly focused on jazz, Ellington 's music spanned many genres, including blues, gospel, and classical. During his 50-year career Ellington composed over a thousand pieces and was a widespread influence on jazz music. Duke Ellington represents the Harlem Renaissance theme of pride.
Joplin had 5 siblings, Monroe, Robert, Rose, William, and Johnny. He was the second oldest out of six. Joplin wasn’t able to go to school until he was ten years old. Joplin traveled to many places and went to Lincoln High School in Sedalia, Missouri. Things changed for Joplin when his father left the family leaving his mother to raise six kids on her own.
American pianist and song writer, Dave Brubeck is best known for his unconventional meters that contributed to his appeal as a Jazz musician. Brubeck 's style ranged from refined to bombastic, reflecting his mother 's attempts at classical training and his improvisational skills. His music has been known for unusual time signatures, and superimposing contrasting rhythms, meters, and tonalities. Born in December of 1920, David Warren Brubeck was the youngest of three boys (Henry and Howard) born to cattle rancher, Peter Brubeck and piano teacher, Elizabeth Brubeck. Originally Brubeck did not intent to be come a musician like his older brothers, that had already begun down that road.
Born to be a rockstar, Jimi Hendrix was born on November 27, 1942 to African American parents James “Al” and Lucille Hendrix. At a young age, Jimi was sent to live with his relatives when his mother was struggling from alcoholism, and his dad was serving in WWII. His father returned from war in 1945, took Jimi back, and divorced from his wife. At age 13, Al taught Jimi how to play the acoustic guitar. After dropping out of high school, he enlisted in the U.S. Army, but was soon discharged after he broke his ankle during base training.
Most influential Jazz Player Taylor Graff Duke Ellington - He was born on April 29, 1899 in Washington DC. He was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader, and he composed thousands of songs for the stage, screen, and contemporary songbook during his 50-year career. He created one of the most distinctive ensemble sounds in Western music. He continued to play until shortly before his death in 1974. Sports from the 1920’s Taylor Graff
At the age of 7, he began studying piano. He played the trombone and he married Edna Thompson. Soon after their marriage they had their only child, Mercer Kennedy Ellington. Duke Ellington is from the modern time period. He composed Jazz music and Ellington 's fame rose in the 1940s when he composed several masterworks,“Concerto for Cootie” and “Cotton Tail.” Some of his most popular songs included "It Don 't Mean a Thing if It Ain 't Got That Swing," "Sophisticated Lady,"
After the Civil War, Gilmore was responsible for initiating the evolution of the American band tradition. With the addition of woodwind instruments to his new post-war ensembles, the professional wind band had supplanted the previously popular brass band (Hebert, 2000). Additionally, Gilmore started to gain notoriety for organizing large-scale concerts. The 1869 National Peace Jubilee and the 1872 World Peace Jubilee, which Gilmore organized, featured over eleven thousand musicians (Crawford & Hamberlin, 2013). These behemoth performances made Gilmore the most prominent band director of his day.
Charles Christopher Parker Jr. was born on August 29, 1920, in Kansas City, Kansas. He moved with his parent to Missouri in 1927. As a teenager Charles discovered his musical talent through public school. He began playing the saxophone when he was thirteen, quitting school when he was fifteen to become a full time musician with the alto saxophone. During the years 1935-1939, Charles played in many nightclubs with other local jazz and blue bands touring Chicago and New York (Charlie Parker Biography).
Louis Jordan also known as the father of R&B or the “king of jukebox” and some people call him the son of Arkansas. He was born on July 8th,1908 and raised in Brinkley, Arkansas. His father was Jim Jordan, a bandleader and music teacher.His mother Adell died when he was very young. He learned the clarinet under the authority of his father at the age of seven. When they were walking past a music store he spotted a saxophone and he saved up money to buy it.
In Missouri he joined up with the Fate Marable’s band. After three years, Louis’s dreams came true. Joe Oliver asked him to travel to Chicago to join his Creole Jazz Band. It took little time for the city of Chicago to fall in love with Louis’s New Orleanian style of jazz. Louis was becoming a star.
The jazz age began in New Orleans where a certain King was born. Joe King Oliver was born in New Orleans, 1885. He spent his youth as a trombonist playing in brass bands. During this time, Jelly Roll Morton, Sidney Bechet, and Louis Armstrong, were all born in New Orleans. All of them learned and played different instruments and had inspiration from the bands that had started playing this new genre of music.
11) “American Bandstand” was the place to reach a young audience and Dick Clark was also the first non-music performer to influence African American music by featuring its artists on television. In the book Dick Clark’s American Bandstand, Clark mentions that his show was the first to showcase African American music stars performing their songs, and it showed African American and White teens dancing together and sitting together during the Civil Rights Era of the 1950s and 1960s. (Clark, pp. 106-107) “American Bandstand” was on local television in Philadelphia beginning in 1952, then on national television from 1957 until 1987. It was shown on cable television from late 1987 until its last show in 1989.