Government has the authority to lead the people, but there is an extent of their control. The novel Clockwork Orange, by Anthony Burgess, depicts a dystopian world of extreme crime and violence. However, while the depicted society does condemn violence, it also facilitates the destruction of humanity and the autonomy of individuals. When a human is depersonalized and stripped of their free will, they are simply the “clockworks” under the control of their oppressors. They are no longer a person; rather, they are the robot that is programmed to give more power to the government.
1984 Becomes Reality George Orwell writes about many important issues in his book, 1984. He writes about a future government where many different problems are portrayed dramatically and obviously. The book is about a totalitarian government that has complete control over its citizens, and intrudes on people’s privacy, to the point where even thoughts aren’t safe. Not only do they invade their thoughts, but they also control them. The government brainwashes their citizens to get them to be unquestioningly loyal to the party.
Control and stability can best be achieved when everyone is happy. As the website states, “The government does its best to eliminate any painful emotion, which means every deep feeling, every passion, is gone.” Huxley shows that the government recognizes the dangers of negative emotions when the controller states, "Actual happiness always looks pretty squalid in comparison with the over-compensations for misery" (150). The government in Brave New World understands that fact that the key ingredient to stability that the novel implies is that individuality must be absent and in the words of one of the ten controllers of the World State, says, "[there is] no civilization without social stability. No social stability without individual stability" (Huxley 28). Ten controllers of the world states determine all aspects of society.
In democratic countries, people often believe that they are free to choose their destinies, while in fact, everyone’s life is controlled in one way or another. The idea of manipulated life and freedom is a popular subject in dystopian fiction and film. The novel Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, the film Never Let Me Go by Mark Romanek, and the TV episode “Number 12 Looks Just Like You”, Twilight Zone are all examples of exploring how social control of life and freedom does not benefit the individuals. Life has been controlled by society. In Brave New World, the World Controllers control people’s intelligence by manipulating the oxygen amount supplied to their embryos.
Winston views the revolution as fantastical due to the Proles oblivious nature, which is an assumption that is made by Winson as a result of party propaganda, which states that all “proles and animals are free”. Demonstrating how the party’s ideals have caused Winston to automatically make the assumption that all proles are subhuman. In the text, Winston never actively challenges this presumption; consequently, displaying his unconscious superiority complex caused by the government's orthodoxical ideals. Correspondingly, the use of the third-person in the second quotation serves to distance Winston from the proles; further empathizing the class division between Winston and the proles, which distinguishes the likelihood of insurgency to
In the Omelas, there is a perfect and beautiful surface where all the citizens live in luxury and happiness, but the city holds a dark secret beneath it. The narrator uses two very different tones to create the story, one that is very light and positive and one that is dark and brooding. The story unfolds to show the paradox of selfishness that the citizens of the Omelas live out every day. It is a dystopian society that shows that there is no such thing as a perfect world because it could never be achieved here on Earth without the suffering of at least one person. In Ursula Le Guin’s story “The Ones Who Walk Away From the Omelas,” Le Guin uses the ones who walk away from the Omelas as an example of the true and righteous action that we should all have the courage to do when we are faced with an unjust situation.
As seen in dystopian literature, failed government made decisions involving restriction of information, independent thought, and freedom in its entirety can be the cause of corruption of a utopia. The goal of the governments of many dystopian societies is to achieve “sameness” among all citizens. It is believed that all conflict will be eliminated by attaining complete equality in all categories. Through the use of government in dystopian worlds, dystopian literature suggests that “sameness” is a key aspect to a successful society. There are multiple methods that the government in The Giver uses to enforce sameness among the community.
This of course is predicated on the belief that the public’s opinion will influence the actions of their representatives in Congress since representatives want to be reelected. In modern use, particularly with television and looser campaign finance regulations, Presidents now are more sending a message to party leadership or interest groups, letting them either take up the issue in Congress or mobilize the people. Of the powers a President has, the power of influence; especially in modern, media-driven society, is paramount. Although another aspect of Presidential power is the idea of executive privilege, or being able to keep all conversations the President has private. This is perhaps one of the more controversial powers given to the President because it begs the question of how a President can be held responsible if the people don’t know what they are doing?
Walden Pond is where Thoreau truly experiences transcendentalism at its purist. Thoreau experiences the simplicity of nature which opens him to a whole new world. In "Resistance to Civil Government" Thoreau improves on Emerson's ideas, but in a more practical sense. According to Thoreau, "That government is best which governs not at all" (Thoreau 160), which shows that he thinks government is important, but he wants government to have minimal control. This is similar to Emerson's abstract idea of rejecting all government and determining actions based on only his ideas.