From the provocative hip-thrusts of Elvis Presley to the rise of the eclectic, anti-establishment hippie movement, the 1960’s invoked a spark of rebellion within the United States. As the era of conservative dress, social values, and morals dwindled into the past, the rebellious youths confronted figures like parents, teachers, and adults to terminate their authoritative grasp. In John Updike’s short story “A & P,” he displays the magnitude of tension between the two oppositions, contained within the isles of a local store. Exaggerated by the time period in which the story was written, Updike’s symbolism throughout “A & P” develops ever-present themes of conformity, authority, and freedom. Through Updike’s creative use of animalistic symbolism, he develops characters who represent the ordinary person’s submission to society.
A Clockwork Orange Literary Analysis What’s going to be then, eh? A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess, starts with this question as it reinforces the theme of the book, the inviolability of individual moral choice and the necessity of commitment in life. Fifteen years old Alex and his friends set out on a diabolical orgy of robbery, rape, torture and murder. Alex is jailed for his teenage delinquency and the state tries to reform him- but at what cost? A Clockwork orange is a dystopian novel and black comedy about the study of free will and the social prophecy in the not-too-distant-future or as Burgess calls it “nadsat”.
The deviant behaviour starts when to a youngster, it appears as a sign of maturity, a new symbol of authoritarianism, a proof that he is an individual identity with an ability to exercise actions which he has never done before. The natural and functional cross between childhood and adolescence makes him vulnerable to the negativities of the environment, drugs being at the top of the list. Drug consumption can have various negative behavioural influences on young people. It can rightly be said that drug addiction at a very young age and juvenile delinquency are directly proportional to each other. A young drug addict would do anything even if illegal to satisfy their need for the drug (ATI, 2011).
The American dream states that any individual can achieve success regardless of family history, race, and/or religion simply by working hard. The 1920’s were a time of corruption and demise of moral values in society. The first World War had passed, and people were reveling in the materialism that came at the end of it, such as advanced technology and innovative inventions. The novel The Great Gatsby exploits the theme of the American Dream as it takes place in a corrupt period in history. Although the American Dream seemed more attainable than ever in the 1920’s, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s, The Great Gatsby demonstrates how materialism and the demise of moral values in society leads to the corruption and impossibility of the American Dream.
This emotional satisfaction stems from the “remembered hurts which then get recast into symbols” (Denby 11) and are eventually eliminated or fixed when “the outsider who joins the system also modifies it” (Denby 13). The system he mentions is the social constructs American teens create for themselves as they view the world is constantly judging them and they constantly judge the world. The high school teen movie genre in a whole is an inaccurate representation of reality, according to Denby. They are “merely a set of conventions that refer to other films” (Denby 4) and simply reaffirm for the yearning viewers that “the outsiders can be validated only by the people who ostracized them” (Denby 13) creating yet another unrealistic
This neurological disorder completely transforms the way Jack experiences life; he has to come up with strategies that allow him to recognize people, even his own parents, while simultaneously keeping it a secret. This veneer of confidence and indifference stems from Jack’s fear of being exposed. Accordingly, he lives his life by “[doing] whatever it takes” to give people what they want; “anything to keep from being the prey” (Niven 2). Jacks prosopagnosia coupled with societal pressures and expectations lead to an invented pompous personality that clouds his true empathetic and moral character. Prosopagnosia is Jack’s greatest insecurity; he goes through measures of misfortune and embarrassment just to keep this matter a secret.
He is both critical of certain things and naively acceptant of the others. As Leonard Wilcox remarks, “In White Noise DeLillo’s protagonist Jack Gladney confronts a new order in which life is increasingly lived in a world of simulacra, where images and electronic representations replace direct experience” (196). The key term in this quote is confrontation, hinting at the unfiltered battle of conscience that Gladney experiences throughout the literary work. One the one hand he is aware of the emission of information through television and other media and its subconscious effects, for example on his children (as I will elaborate on later), while at the same time almost fanatically intrigued with technologies power and subjugating himself to it. An example of this is Babette’s (his wife’s) presence on a local cable channel in which he tells of her as a goddess, rather than a human figure.
Most often society reduces teenage anger to mere moodiness, ignoring the complexity of its underlying reasons. However, by examining the place of adolescents in the context of society, the concept of teenage anger gains depth. Adolescents are trapped between two worlds: childhood innocence and the real world represented by adults. Meltzer refines this concept arguing that adolescent views the world as a "class system": The adolescent places [himself] between these two classes: the “aristocratic” adults who hold power, the “slaves” [children] who believe in them as though they were gods or live with the illusion that adults know everything. The adolescent thus places himself in a position where he despises adults and children as well as the
Electronics have grown into by far the most defying artifacts of this day and age. They have developed into the most addictive devices in this generation; the generation that has come to be known as “The Digital Age”. Different sides of technology negatively affect multiple aspects of the youth 's lives in this generation, and adolescents should spend minimal or even eliminate the time spent on it. Technology, indeed, became a great way to stay in contact with old friends, play angry birds for a little bit, or even to find out where your favorite band is planning on going on tour, but teens choose to take advantage of it. Kids become greedy, lazy, and totally change the image of the every-day teenager (Agarwal).
Freud’s image of man was somewhat distorted, believing man is an intellectual beast doomed for destruction; a man who is chained to his sexual impulses is deprived of his freedom of choice. As a result, a person’s behaviour is determined by the struggle of the human psyche - the id, ego and super-ego. Freud viewed man as a psychological prisoner of instinctual inheritance and childhood upbringing, and that thoughts and actions are determined by forces, shackled by primitive impulses operating in the unconscious that clash with internalised parental moral standards. Freud considered the conflict between the reality of the ego and the unconscious primitive id resulted always in the unconscious winning every time, and therefore a person is governed by their unconscious with no freedom of choice. He had a pessimistic outlook of man itself, focusing on stress, conflict, chaos and a diverse range of psychopathological illnesses due to the turmoil caused by the hidden forces of the psyche, mainly the unconscious.