In Wizard of the Crow, Ngugi blends satire and polemic in his depiction of an African nation at crossroads in the aftermath of the white rule. Essentially a realist work, the author uses his peculiar style and language to sniff out the foul stenches of complacency towards despotism, repression of women and ethnic minorities, widespread corruption and – under girding of all these – a neocolonial system in which today’s lending banks and multinationals have supplanted yesterday’s European overlords. References are made to Ngugi’s skilful use of literary and linguistic approaches to x-ray the ideational, interpersonal and textual functions which the text fulfils as a realist literature. At the end, this paper’s main contribution is to firmly
Among its prominent aspects, African postcolonial literature discussed the traditional rituals and cultures, community life, religious beliefs of the people and the destruction of all of this with the coming of the colonizers. What is rather striking in the literature from across Africa is the status and treatment of women. As literature is often highly representative of the society, women representations in African works raise a lot of questions. This paper then aims to highlight the lives of women in such fictitious works, as well as in the African reality. The treatment and representation of women in African narratives has always posed a large number of debatable questions.
This inevitably entails culture conflict. According to Wikipedia, cultural conflicts are disagreements between cultural beliefs and values by two or more sides. Cultural conflict occurs when people's expectations of a certain behavior coming from their cultural backgrounds are not met, as others have different cultural backgrounds and different expectations. Culture conflict is a theory based
In the short story, “Mericans”, written by Sandra Cisneros, there are many underlying conflicts that surface throughout the story. The conflicts, in short, evolve around two very distinguished cultures. Furthermore, the clashing views regarding the two cultures cause a great amount of problems for many individuals in a society. The cultural differences can tremendously affect a society, as the clashing views can lead to a wide array of issues such as ethnocentrism, gender discrimination, stereotypes, as well as the health of many personal relationships. Cisneros begins to develop this conflict when the story’s narrator, Michele, describes the altar to La Divina Providencia in which the “awful grandmother” worships.
‘Heart of Darkness’ was written in 1899 by a Polish novelist Joseph Conrad, about the expedition up the Congo River in the Heart of Africa. This essay will mainly deal with the reference of the ‘darkness’ in the novel and it even deals with the theme which will further support the statement. The idea of ‘darkness’ in ‘Heart of Darkness’ represents evil or dark side of Humanity. It is also related to the idea of colonization, especially when it comes to the idea of mistreatments of people and misuse of natural resources. Throughout the novel, we see Conrad gives us idea about how deceiving one could be.
Achebe’s No Longer at Ease: A Post-Colonial Reading Abstract: This article is an effort to bring in light the theme of corruption, alienation and rootlessness generated by colonial conflicts in Achebe’s No Longer at Ease. The novel directly deals with distress and difficulty of Nigerian youth amidst contemporary social, economic and political problems of Africa. The purpose of this paper is to show how colonial conflicts and resurgent changes in post-colonial life bring changes in the life of natives and how they accustom to corrupt practices and began to alienate from their own roots. Key Words; Post-Colonialism, Corruption, Alienation, African Culture Introduction Chinua Achebe, “the cultural ambassador of Africa” (Panigrahi 162), is a prolific
Although some argued that inter-group conflict occurs naturally, there are also other causes that might spark the conflicts between groups. These causes can be taken from different aspects which is economically, institutionally and culturally. All these causes may also lead to prejudice and often would cause discrimination. The Realistic Group Conflict Theory further explains that the goals between different groups and its individuals causes conflicts because every group feels that they have the urge to compete with the other group to obtain the goal. Muzafer Sherif conducted an experiment on this which is remarkably
Nostalgia: An effect of Tribal Feuds with reference to V. S. Naipaul’s “A Bend in the River” Mrs. Shenbaga Priya Assistant Professor, Department of English, NS College, Theni. N. Akila Post Graduate Student, Department of English, NS College, Theni. Abstract In the novel “A Bend in the River” V.S Naipaul portrayed Africa as a country of several tribes and their struggling with changing Africa. "Tribal Feuds" defined as the recurrent quarrel and fighting between the ethnic groups, it could mostly happen when these people get offended by the others. In the novel “A Bend in the River”, tribal feuds were the effect of the growing European culturalism in Africa.
Shaka chooses instead the framework of Francophone cinematographic discourse that has dominated African cinema. In my opinion, his work is a mixture of progress and retrogression in African film scholarship. Modernity and the African cinema (2004), as a publication, makes no secret of the bones it has to pick with scars inflicted by colonialism and their lingering effects on Africans who still remain vulnerable in their dealings with foreigners (Shaka 2004, 9). What Shaka proposes strongly is a conscious effort to assess traditional African institutions in a bid to understand what has continually weakened them. He carries out his research on cinema as a medium, to assess what has changed of the African reality and what still remains as the unchanging substratum.
According to Vazquez (2007), it is helpful to understand the source of potential conflict. Below are some common sources of conflict cited by Vasquez: Conflict type Description Values conflict Involves incompatibility of preferences, principles and practices that people believe in such as religion, ethics or politics. Power conflict Occurs when each party wishes to maintain or maximize the amount of influence that it exerts in the relationship and the social setting such as in a decision making process. Economic conflict Involves competing to attain scarce resources such as monetary or human resources. Interpersonal conflict Occurs when two people or more have incompatible needs, goals, or approaches in their relationship such as different communication or work styles.