The first chapter of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness depicts the journey that Charles Marlow, the protagonist of the story, makes into the heart of Africa in order to become a captain of a steamboat. The novel begins with an introduction of various characters, including Marlow by an unnamed narrator. Marlow and the unnamed narrator are aboard the Nellie and the boat has been temporarily docked in order to wait for a change in tide. During that short break Marlow begins to talk about one of his previous journeys. Marlow, who describes himself as someone who has wanted to travel around the world even as a child, sees a map of Africa and the Congo River and remembers about a trading company operating there.
The first chapter of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness mainly depicts the journey that Charles Marlow, the protagonist of the story, makes into the heart of Africa in order to become an ivory transporter. The novel begins by with introduction of various characters including Marlow by an unnamed narrator. The Marlow and the unnamed narrator are aboard the Nellie. The boat had been temporarily docked in order to wait for change in tide. During that short break Marlow begins to talk about his previous adventure to the heart of Africa.
He believed imperialism make the Europeans uncivilized and the hostile environment around force them to indulge in violent acts. This belief was aggravated later in this section when Marlowe was seen accusing Africa of doing “something” to a man. May be by saying this he is pacifying himself that he is not responsible for the atrocities committed by the Company to the natives. Or he is justifying that such an uncivilized nation deserve this harsh treatment from the civilized ones. At various points in the novel we see a contrast in Marlow’s personality.
The part of the course to which the task refers is Part 4: Literature in critical study. Heart of Darkness is a novella written by westerner novelist Joseph Conrad, published in 1899 and in 1902 to book, about a voyage up the Congo River into Congo Free State, in the heart of Africa, expressed by the story's writer Marlow. Marlow tells his story to friends aboard on a boat tied up on the River Thames in England. This context grant Conrad to create a relationship between London and Africa as places of darkness. On the following essay I’ll be discussing “How could the text be read and interpreted differently by two different readers?”, based on the novella Heart of Darkness.
In this essay he notoriously says, “ … Joseph Conrad was a thoroughgoing racist. That this simple truth is glossed over in criticisms of his work is due to the fact that white racism against Africa is such a normal way of thinking that its manifestations go completely unremarked.” (Achebe 343). Achebe’s prominent essay that blatantly describes Conrad’s depictions of the African people in the novella as racist. From this essay forward it seems that the academic discussion has continued and academics still argue to this day whether Conrad’s descriptions are overtly racist or is that these descriptions are merely representative of the time that it was written. In another important essay response to Heart of Darkness Edward Said not only discusses the novella but responds to Achebe’s essay challenging whether or not Conrad’s words represent overt racism as Achebe states.
• It is written in England, 1898–1899; inspired by Conrad’s journey to the Congo in 1890. • There are two narrators: an anonymous passenger on a pleasure ship, who listens to Marlow’s story. • The first narrator speaks in the first-person plural, on behalf of four other passengers who listen to Marlow’s tale, and Marlow is a first person narrator. • Opens on the Thames River outside London, where Marlow is telling the story, events of the story take place in Brussels, at the Company’s offices, and in the Congo, then a Belgian territory. • The protagonist of this story isCharlie Marlow.
Heart of Darkness is a novella about colonialism, about darkness and light, and about the modifications that arise inside one person while being away from its traditional society. The colonizers were expected to treat the Africans as slaves, to live among them, to make from the massive, dark forest their home. It altered one’s way of being by treating the other with such contempt and even the darkness of forest strikes against the colonizer’s honorable intentions and personality traits by turning the white men into savages. This novella unlike the others of its time stresses about the altered ego instead of the changes happened in the colonized territory. As the novella is based on contrasts, the two characters are also desplayed on the one hand, having distinctions and on the other hand, being similar.
Heart of Darkness displays out of the norm actions, such as colonists dehumanizing the Africans, imperializing in complicated ways, and a character struggling with madness. Throughout the novella, the native Africans were dehumanized and referred to as something less than an object. It is understood that when exploring a different area of the world, things may be different from what an individual is accustomed to; however, it is ignorant to take out personal prejudices on innocent human beings. Sadly, dehumanization occurs a lot throughout the story when the white man, Marlow portrays the Africans in degrading ways. Marlow describes the Africans as “Black figures strolled about listlessly...the beaten nigger groaned somewhere” (Conrad 1969).
Hemingway actually went to safari in Africa which could also be the motive of symbols mentioned in the book. Hemingway 's life could be connected to the major characters in the book Old Man and the Sea and from his biography he mostly writes about the experiences that he had in his lifetime. Old Man and the Sea can be used as a key to unlock Hemingway 's feelings and get to know why he committed a suicide. There are many symbols in the book but one of the most important is Santiago the old man. The only reason Santiago had desire for his life was because of fishing.
The poems Africa and Flying Man by Rabindranath Tagore show the negative effects of man-made destruction. The destruction is the way they have mistreated the people of Africa, as well as changing the way nature used to be, from the peaceful harmonious nature to inventing more modernised technologies, making man seem more arrogant. The focus of the two poems is how man has destroyed the earth with their actions, and the poet does this by using imagery and figurative language. In Africa, Tagore uses adjectives to emphasise the effect of man destroying Africa and its people. The word ‘shadowy’ creates a negative beginning to the stanza that introduces what is happening with the slavery, and it symbolises Africa turning into something dark, as the country used to be peaceful before the slavers came.