A Critical Analysis Of Ecocriticism

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Ages ago when man and his physical environment existed in a cordial state, they shared a symbiotic relationship but with the passage of time and in an era of burgeoning technology, man is perpetually drifting apart from his real and natural environment. Nature, as a theme of all popular forms of culture is somewhere down the line, inescapable. Sometime nature has been glorified and cherished and also at times it has been neglected. Ecocriticism originated as a theory in 1980s with a predominant purpose of a microscopic view of a cultural text in context to its dealing with nature. The word ‘Ecocriticism’ first appeared in William Rueckert’s essay titled ‘Literature and Ecology: An Experiment in Ecocriticism’ in 1978.
Key Words: Ecocriticism,
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It aligns itself with the ecological activism and social theory with the assumption that the rhetoric of cultural texts reflects and informs material practices towards the environment, while seeking to increase awareness about it and linking itself (and literary texts) with other ecological sciences and approaches.” (241)
Ecocriticism designates the critical writings which explore the relations between literature and the biological and physical environment, conducted with an acute awareness of the devastation being brought on that environment by human activities. Ecocriticism seeks to explore whether in a cultural text, environment is treated with debilitating attitude or it has been glorified. Indian writing in English is an area on which ecocriticism has been applied only sporadically.
Ecocriticism has emerged as a profound literary theory emphasizing particularly on ecology and literature connection. Currently ecocriticism is in full swing and reading literature in context to ecology, renders an ecological bend of mind in students of literature thus inculcating a sense of environmental concern and also shapes their outlook towards their surrounding physical
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