The Crucible by Arthur Miller is an incredibly complex play depicting the fictional events of the Salem Witch Trials. If one is to begin to dissect the contents of said play, you must look at it from a psychological point of view. Particularly, a view of Freudian psychology might provide insight as to why some characters made certain decisions and carried out the actions they did. Using a Freudian psychological lens to examine The Crucible, readers can take a closer look at the actions of John Proctor and Abigail Williams and form hypotheses as to their deeper motives. Before diving into a psychological analysis, Freudian methods must be explained.
In fact, by using an inner and limited point of view, the writer analyses in depth the psychology of the perverse and contradictory protagonists of his stories and exposes a kind of madness that induces readers to think of them as unreliable narrators. For instance, in works such as “The Tell-Tale Heart” and “The Black Cat” , the narrators attempt to prove their sanity providing a rational explanation of their actions and portraying their crimes as excusable. However, their inability to question their own abnormal behaviour, as well as their irrational fixations, are signs of their lack of sanity. This aspect is evident in “The Tell-Tale Heart”, the story of a man who murders an old man he lives with and hides the dismembered pieces of his corpse under his bedroom’s floor. However, when the police question him about the scream heard by a neighbour, he is pervaded by such a sense
The Role of Art in “The Fall of the House of Usher Art can be expressed within writing pieces, poems and short stories in various types of forms. Edgar Allen Poe uses music as a form of art to help the main character Roderick try to cope with his unstable state of mind. Roderick experiences moral dilemmas and music serves to distort his feelings unintentionally. Simiraily, the ancient greek philosopher Aristotle believed that for a balance of life one needs to encounter the bad experiences in order to feel better and move on to better times. Furthermore, his belief was focused that one needs to participate in negative emotions to relieve the pain that he or she feels.
The article explains the sociological perspective on mental hospitals is congruent with the caricature presented in the movie, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. Mental illness is viewed as residual deviance, and mental hospitals as total institutions in which patients who are not really sick are oppressed by authoritarian mental health professionals. Propositions explain why this negative stereotype has been widely accepted. What originally were advanced as ideal types have been treated as empirical types by some researchers who have found what they expected to see Crude labelling theory has displaced a disease perspective. The reformist bias of sociologists, an anti-establishment, pro-underdog sentimentality, and naive reliance on pseudopatient
Ivan 's lapses from the unconscious to the conscious rises questions to whether the Devil is real or imaginary. If the Devil operates in the subconscious, he is a threat on the psychological level rather than on the spiritual level. There is a psychological confusion, which poses as an initiator of the Devil 's string of mental torments. Although I believe the Devil is doubt personified, I do admit that the Devil is simultaneously a symbol for wickedness and torture. Infiltrating the unconscious plants seeds of doubt that will grow and germinate to the point of mental deterioration, exemplified by Ivan 's "brain fever."
Further, in To Have and Have Not the ‘shadow’ archetype of the protagonist is in repressed state despite the problems he was facing in the Depression period. But when he is cheated, the insecure ‘shadow’ archetype gives way to violence that normally happens in the case of any normal human being. Marx and Hillix(1963), the two psychologists, working on Jungian theory, explain the reasons for violence as they say, “With regard to violence and the observation there of, the ‘shadow’ archetype is pivotal. This archetype is thought to integrate our prehuman, and hence, premoral impulsions. In other words it is related to our animal instincts”
Zenisha Shah 3 Psychology Honors 1313498 Culture bound syndrome: Zār Wind blowing a cause of dizziness, believing that you are possessed by a spirit, illness sent by others due to hatred or envy, exaggerated response to a frightening stimuli, delusion of transforming into an animal, insatiable craving for human flesh. All these are not the plots of any fiction novel but the symptoms of various culture bound syndrome Culture bound syndrome as the phrase suggests is a syndrome found in a specific culture or area. It is a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms recognized in a particular culture, area or society. Zar is one such syndrome seen in Ethiopia and other parts of east and north Africa. It is also seen in parts of Middle East.
Though Daisy Miller is written by a man and preoccupied with male protagonists but the writer has used a subtle technique of psychological realism in order to portray the complex moral as well as sexual challenges faced by American woman abroad in Europe. Daisy Miller short novel is based on conflict that arises from interaction between artless American tourists and sophisticated Europeans. It is a story of a young American girl, Daisy who refuses to follow the status quo in Europe. In order to understand the role of psychological realism in the very novella it is important to understand what psychological realism really is? Well, the novels which grow out of psychological realism are thought to be character driven and they put special focus on the interior lives of protagonists and the views of other characters (Potter).
Poe creates an unreliable narrator because the narrator presents his sensitivity and obsession with details as proof of clarity of his sanity, and the narrators obsession shows his madness. the narrator presents his sensitivity and obsession with details as proof of his sanity. An example for this point would be "Why will you say that I am mad? This disease has sharpened
This essay will serve as a summary of The Uncanny by Sigmund Freud, published in 1919. According to Freud (1919) “that what is ‘uncanny’ is frightening precisely because it is not known and familiar” (418) – suggesting instances like that of going back to a place you have never been before, or experiencing a situation that you can not remember. The effect of being helpless, or the feeling that something or someone external is in control of your mind or behaviours is what the uncanny embodies. Freud begins by looking at the different definitions of the german word unheimlich which is the opposite of heimlich. He mentions that the word Heimlich means “familiar” and expresses the need to find a meaning for unheimlich beyond “unfamiliar”.