A Critical Analysis Of John Rawls's Theory Of Justice

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Theory of Justice Analysis Paper A person’s actions and consequences of those actions may affect not only the person but also have effects on the lives of others around the person. It requires a certain range of individual to maximize benefits and minimize harm to self and others. Depending on the goal of a person’s activities, the ethics of such actions may either be geared towards addressing the actions or towards addressing the outcomes of these actions. Based on the intentions and outcomes of the ethical guidelines they provide, there are four primary classes of ethics including relativism, virtue ethics, deontology, and consequentialism (Tilley, 2005). Rawls’s Theory of Justice aims at overcoming the shortcomings of virtue, consequence,…show more content…
Published originally in 1971 and revised in 1977 and 1999; using a variation of the social contract, he attempted to come up with a solution to the distributive justice problem (Pogge & Kosch, 2007). For decisions on distribution of resources to be made, Rawls first assumed decision-makers to be in an original position in which they had self-ignorance of their position in society that results from their decision. This way, people could never tailor their decisions and actions to favor themselves since they did have prior knowledge of where they would end up in the socioeconomic hierarchy. Lack of awareness of one’s position. Would result in making decisions fair to everyone since economic and social advantages would be distributed without the intention of putting anyone at a disadvantage (Cehan, OPREA, Gavrilovici, & Manea,…show more content…
The theory of justice can act as a guide in a society that pursues equality, whereby, inequality is only acceptable if it is to the benefit of the disadvantaged.
Principles of the Theory of Justice Rawls’s Theory of Justice is guided by two primary guiding principles that are derived from the works of the theory included (Sen, 2006).
The First Principle of Justice According to Rawls (2009), “Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others”. This principle protects some fundamental rights like the right to run for office and vote, liberty of conscience, freedom of speech, freedom from arbitrary arrest, and freedom of personal property. However, there is still some debate if freedom of contract makes this list. Based on the laissez-faire doctrine, freedom of contract and liberty to own a means of production and similar properties are not considered primary and are, therefore, not protected by the first
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