“The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line…” These words were first uttered by W.E.B. DuBois in 1900 while in London as he addressed the first Pan African convention. These words have since gone on to be immortalized in plays, fiction , books and even popular political rhetoric but few realize these words were first merely spoken words. The power of the spoken word cannot underestimated nor its literary merit ignored. It is part of African American history and literary tradition.
Additionally, the origin of the source is valuable, regarding how it was published decades after the War. This signifies that the book benefits from hindsight, having extensive access to documentations during the relevant time period and also those that were reveal or declassified later. However, despite being an insightful book for investigating African American employment in the military, the content
The Harlem Intelligentsia is about McKay time in America as the Assistant editor of The Liberator and meeting NAACP’s members. How this came about is when his boss, Hubert Harrison, wanted more black activities in the Negro radical movement. Eager for such an opportunity, McKay gather many well know Negro activists of artists and non-artists to expand Garvey’s United Negro Improvement Association. McKay obtains many stories, such as, learning about W.E.B DuBois’ “cold, acid hauteur of spirit in person. (158)” However, there remain one that gave him an odd feeling.
Troy Jackson effectively convinced the reader that the people of Montgomery did in fact influence King to be a national leader for civil rights. The way Jackson “[humanized] Martin Luther King Jr., without diminishing his greatness”, along with the surplus of quotes and evidence, added to the credibility of his argument that ultimately convinced us (Walton 3). Becoming King: Martin Luther King Jr. and The Making of a National Leader, by Troy Jackson, focuses on the development of Martin luther King Jr. when he first arrives in Montgomery all the way until he leaves for Atlanta. Jackson provides new insight that makes this book a refreshing change of
This combination of events that all unfold in the same general timeframe must have had a tremendous impact each and every aspect of Black Elk. While the inner struggle of Black Elk was one of the biggest points I gained in chapter 21, this treatment and expansion westward of the Wasichus’ is something that most of us have learned about at some point in our academic careers, but might not have focused on in depth. For me personally, growing up we learned a little bit of this “white expansion westward” but it was nothing of such great importance that I found myself digging more deeply into. But as we read Black Elk Speaks and discuss the movements of the Ghost Dance movements. I cannot only begin to make many similarities to the previous wrongdoings we have discussed in the course towards the Native American people and traditions.
They were well known cases, like the Plessy vs. Ferguson, Brown vs. Board of Education, and the Regents of the University vs. Bakke, all very influential cases in the fight for rights. Plessy vs. Ferguson, one of the bigger cases in the turning point for rights, gave the black community a big boost forward. There was a man named Homer Adoph Plessy that had a problem with the way things were going at the time and he wanted equal rights. But there was another man named John Ferguson who thought that everything was just skippy. They went to court to settle their quarrel.
Baldwin was at the center of the civil rights movement. In 1963 Baldwin assembled a group of Black leaders to meet with Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy to discuss race relations. Baldwin came to write this book because he wanted to and was able to give a firsthand account of what it was like to be a “Negro” growing up and then living in a “white” America of the 1960s. This book was James Baldwin’s plea to "end the racial nightmare" (p. 156). It is shocking to read this and to realize how little has changed between 1963 and now.
Every candidate puts an enormous amount of effort into influencing voters but most people might think it is not simple and rather impossible to persuade voters with a positive message. But Barack Obama may have actually succeeded with his persuasion, mostly by speaking with sincerity and hope. He has pursued the political strategy of hopefulness for over eight years that it feels almost authentic. What likely impressed the audience was his advanced use of metaphor. It is natural to talk about politics by means of dozens of common metaphors but usually we do not even realise how many metaphors appear in speeches.
"This book must be regarded as a greatly important contribution to race relations literature. It is invaluable for the manner in which authors combine the lessons of history with insightful analyses of empirical data to demonstrate patterns of change over the past fifty years in the status of African Americans... Provocative and stimulating reading." —James E. Blackwell, University of Massachusetts, Boston "Presents a wide-ranging reanalysis of the seminal work done by Gunnar Myrdal in 1944, examining virtually every issue that Myrdal noted as relevant to the American race question. In so doing, Clayton and his contributors have brought the matter up to date and shown how the American dilemma continues into the twenty-first century."
Brucker justifies Hughes as not only a successful writer, but he also “used grant money to establish African American theatrical groups in Harlem and Chicago that produced several of his plays.” (5) After overcoming much criticism by blacks and whites, Langston Hughes influenced several generations of African American authors, and that is widely acknowledged. “Langston Hughes” points out important characteristics of Langston Hughes that I find inspiring. Because Hughes kept climbing and never gave up like his mother advised him, he accomplished very big things that a lot of people do not get to experience. Some of the great things he accomplished were winning an Opportunity poetry prize, using grant money to establish African American theatrical groups, and making
In support of this argument, the author presents E.D. Nixon, one of the few leaders initially involved in the Montgomery bus boycott. Nixon admonished that Black men must decide if they were “going to be fearless men” (Estes, 2005, p. 7). This challenge to the masculinity of African American men may have proved effective in enlisting male participation; permitting Black men to envision themselves in the role of protector (Estes, 2005). Early scholarship of the civil rights movement would portray male participants as orchestrators of collective action.
leadership. The Civil Rights Acts and Voting Rights Act formed a legal basis to end the segregation and discrimination that has been happening in the United States. Malcolm X influenced disparate wings of the black movement. King influenced the non-violence act to the younger African-American generation to show them that violence just causes more of a problem. The radical faction of the "Black Power" movement accepted his positions on African identification, neocolonialism, black control of the political economy of black communities, and Afro-American self-defense.