Lewis and Sigmund Freud both brought significantly different views to the table on the topic of happiness. Freud’s main point is that happiness comes from pleasure, which primarily involves sexual encounters. However, that is not always attainable, therefore pleasure comes and goes and happiness is short-lived. In contrast, Lewis’ main point is that happiness comes from a relationship with the Creator. Without communion with the Lord, there will always be a void in the human heart that no amount of earthly pleasure can fill.
Happiness is achieved through having purpose in life. The happiest people see their goals they set as reachable and a sense of purpose, while people who are cynical have no sense of purpose in their life or perceive themselves as unable to reach the goals they have set for themselves. While some cultures are better than others at encouraging people to follow their dreams, it is ultimately the responsibility of the individual to find and achieve their purpose in life. Published in December of 2009, a longitudinal study from UC Riverside on tested three hypotheses on the subject of happiness. The first hypothesis was ‘Becoming happier takes both a will and proper way’, the second and third hypotheses had to do with ‘maintained effects on
Susan Wolf’s book, Meaning in Life and Why It Matters, is a collection of her lectures and her own philosophical views on what makes a life meaningful. There is no doubt that life is meaningful, but what gives it meaning? Most people, if asked the question, “what is your life's meaning” would say “to be happy.” Wolf shuts down this answer, and states that living a happy life is not equivalent to living a meaningful life. For example, Mother Theresa and Ghandi did not always live a happy life, but their lives were very much meaningful.
At the end of everyone’s lives, the goal appears to be about attaining happiness. Describing how to obtain happiness has been an issue that was debated in the past but is still talked about now . In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle expands on his view of happiness and he focuses particularly on how reason helps recognize and pursue what will lead to happiness and the good life. I feel that Aristotle’s philosophies on happiness are important works within the field of philosophy and he considered one of the………of it . In this paper, I will explore Aristotle’s beliefs regarding happiness then compare and contrast them to those of Martin Seligman.
Contrasted to the previous discussions of power and authority that the state or civilization commands over the individual, it must be recognized that to some degree, at least in Freud’s opinion, the liberties that would have protected individuals from their civilization must have been sacrificed at some point in order to gain protection. Whether this protection remains, although it originally appears to have disappeared in the case of the Panopticon and 1984, does not matter to Freud, only that the sacrifice was made in the first place. Freud makes this claim in the midst of his discussion about the benefits and disadvantages of the formation of civilizations, claiming, “The liberty of the individual is no gift of civilization. It was greatest before there was any civilization… The development of civilization imposes restrictions on
The question of meaning in life is a problem discussed intensively in different scientific areas such as psychology, philosophy, sociology, and even anthropology. This book by Susan Wolf offers a perspective which approaches the problem from a philosophical point of view. However, her focus is not on the question of the ultimate meaning of human life, as in some previous philosophical works, but on the question of how people seek and maintain meaningful lives. This focus shifts Wolf ’s work more to the psychological point of view, because it does not ask whether the world and human life has a higher purpose; rather, it asks what are the conditions in which a person experiences that his or her life is meaningful? Or, in other words, he or she
In the book, “Civilization and Its Discontents” by Sigmund Freud, he essentially develops the main theme of the fixed conflict between the demands of an individual’s instincts and the confinement society provides. In other words, the aspects society benefits from establish an individual’s dissatisfaction. Throughout Freud’s book, each chapter provides complex ideas and analyses that demonstrate how he comes down to this result and the outcome it has on human happiness. Beginning with chapter 1, most people seek power, wealth and success and undervalue the most important aspects of life. There are only a handful that seek other meaningful things and one of these people is Freud’s friend who wrote a letter to him which described his oneness and eternity within life.
In Civilization and Its Discontents, Sigmund Freud examines the concept of happiness within the context of human civilizations and the manner in which humans attempt to achieve happiness. Specifically, Freud recognizes the tendency of humans to search for the validation of happiness by accepting religion and encompassing themselves in loving relationships. However, Freud negates the idea that religion and love enables one to achieve happiness—in fact, Freud concludes that total happiness is unattainable due to the inevitable suffering that every human being will endure during their lifetime. Freud's claim that the acquisition of happiness is inaccessible is misleading because it portrays the happiness one derives from religion and love as ineffectual;
First, I will discuss Feud’s account of the roots of religion, its function in society, and the arguments for its preservation (which are primarily voiced by Freud’s imaginary interlocutor). Freud begins Future of an Illusion by discussing the conditions which gave rise to the religious illusion. He describes the state of angst and frustration that man experiencing while being suppressed by the demands of culture. Culture forces him to internalize his natural destructive, anti-social, violent, and sexual tendencies, thus creating a tension and hostility that boil under the surface. Culture also requires man defy his natural inclination towards laziness.
Freud links our unconscious history with the history of the Western civilization. He describes love and death by referring to the Greek mythology, using two specific terms: Eros to describe love and Thanatos to describe death. Eros is the life drive/instinct and is involved in the safeguarding of life. It materializes through the basic needs for health, safety and especially through sexual drives, in order to get pleasure. In fact, the energy originated by this drive is called the ‘Libido’.
I agree with Freud concept of civilization that builds-up critical information of acquiring wealth and useful resources from nature. Throughout chapter 1, Freud criticizes how civilization influences the rules that control the actions of people. The actions may include harming others but distribute wealth among them. At a point, Freud described that the knowledge to gain satisfaction and the rules of gaining wealth depend on each other. Importantly, the way people relate to each other is determined by how satisfied they are instinctual.
Being kind and in a state of tranquility is an important consideration through which people can be considered to be well. A person’s well- being physical, psychological, and spiritual wellness is directly connected with individual’s happiness (Haybron, 2011). Many philosophical schools continue to deny the importance of happiness therefore according to the authors is arbitrary. Happiness is a very complicated issue for which many individuals seek to understand and experience. The theories that seek to explain what exactly happiness is, examine the different perspective of an individual’s being and look into how these perceptions relate to one another.
Sigmund Freud has contributed considerably to the field of psychology including, but not limited to, his controversial psychodynamic theory. Freud’s psychodynamic theory states that our personality is formed when we are young by three competing factors: Id (instincts), Ego (compromise of Id and Superego), and Superego (morals and social rules). Freud argues that these three separate but combined forces shape us into the people we are today. If we are able to internally cope with these factors, then we are seen as normal people. It is when we cannot achieve balance between these forces we develop an abnormal psychological disorder.
As humans, we frequently desire for every moment of our lives to be filled with pure joy and happiness. Without reasoning, we seek happiness in order to rid ourselves of any negative interactions and stimuli. We constantly cling to the fruits of elation while actively trying to evade our nihilistic experiences. Arthur Schopenhauer, a German philosopher, would perhaps agree that the existence of human nature generates an active pursuit of positive and fulfilling interactions rather than negative ones. More importantly, he would argue that this pursuit of happiness becomes tiresome by nature and ultimately impossible to obtain.