Margaret Atwood has carved a niche in the minds of the literary readers as a leading literary artist. Her success is multidimensional as a poet, novelist, critic, short story writer, and the winner of great many literary awards. Atwood’s commitment towards improving the lot of women finds its expression in her works for she delves deeply into the theme of survival . Women vulnerable to the physical atrocities go through agonies and their intense pain initiates them to fight against their subjugation and emerge as individuals. Atwood not only aims at the
In almost all her novels we see discord comes into existence when protagonists try to co-exist with the traditional and modern values to create an identity of their own. The affliction and anguish that come with the ordeals of following the traditional values and to combine these values with the modern values of the present time make them strong female characters. She has not out-rightly rejected either the traditional or modern value system but has focused in harmonizing these two different trends. Though she is living in modern times and settled in America, there is a feeling of belongingness and rootedness to India and her interest in women make her feel that women should be free from the patriarchal
The advocating of equal opportunities and treatment for men and women in the labor force is a cause many have continuously fought for over the past decades. The literature society has also played a significant part in this fight for equal opportunities. Female authors like Sara Paretsky and Beverly Jenkins have taken feminist stands by creating strong independent female characters that serve as examples of the ability women posses to be successful and influential in male dominated fields. These female characters are placed in professions where their ability to succeed is being questioned based on their gender. In order to tackle these obstacles, authors like Paretsky in her masculine genre and Jenkins in her more feminine genre have created characters possessing the “intense masculinity” (Reddy 3), their career paths are commonly characterized by, while holding onto their some of their femininity which in most cases is perceived as a threat to their success.
In the 1880s and 1890s, women writers played a central role in the formulation and popularization of feminist ideology which culminated in the Suffrage Movement. Unlike their counterparts of the earlier phase, the feminist novelists had ‘a highly developed sense of belonging to a sisterhood of women writers, a kinship that converged obligations as well as privileges’ (p. 182). This phase witnessed a confrontation with male society that elevated Victorian sexual stereotypes into a cult. Making their works the vehicle for the dramatization of repressed womanhood, they demanded immediate changes in social and political systems that would grant women male privileges and require chastity and fidelity from men. This need further led to a staggering number of clubs, activities, and causes, culminating in the ‘militant groups’ and almost terrifying collectivity of the suffrage movement.
There were a series of campaigns, propaganda, and conventions that took place in this struggle; starting off by the famous Seneca Falls Convention, the fight for women’s rights began. It was a very long and harsh process to gain their rights; women witnessed other races overcoming discrimination while they were still ignored. While men fought to preserve their position in society and their image of being superior, many important women fought against the society’s unfair oppression and many life-changing events were taking place. The Seneca Falls Convention significantly revolutionized women
Bharati Mukherjee is one of the most popular diasporic writers. A perfect mix of fact and fiction can be seen in her novels. She stands for feminism, which is reflected through her lead women characters. The transformation of women when migrating from a place to another is beautifully portrayed in her writings. She has secured a steady place among the diasporic writers, because of her portrayal of women in the newly adopted land.
These factors contributed to the writers lives and eventually led them to their greatness. Given the fact that both writers were born in the same century, sexism was very high. Kate Chopin brought light to this issue, speaking to the women of the public with her relatable stories and slick style in writing. O. Henry, however, would write through the eyes of many characters who faced ironic and sometimes humorous situations. When comparing both writers, we see the differences that they have and what they present.
In line with this, one the most relevant, vocal, and dynamic social movements the world has today is the feminist movement. It has been steadily gaining momentum during the past few years by underscoring the importance of the role that women play in society as well as the need for equality in women’s and men’s rights. Furthermore, the movement has brought attention to problematic stereotypes and issues that women face in society, such as slut-shaming, rape, and bullying. Therefore, it is salient to talk about social movements – feminism, especially – because it has been a major player in the way groups and individuals in society have been dealing with their interests and
Celebrated Nigerian author, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie has always been extremely voiced about her stand as a feminist and the need for others to be the same. She hates to be called a feminist rather she asks everyone to be one. Her writings have made her one of the most eminent faces in the literary circle. She is a multi-award winning author and has marked herself as one of Nigeria’s most winning female writers. As a literary movement, feminism in African novels has a long tradition in bringing about change in society, especially on how women are treated.
However, something very telling of her writing is the use of strong words throughout “My Story” to shock the reader and to be very expressive and striking. For example ‘slave’, ‘toy’, ‘bride’, ‘virgin’, ‘prostitute’, ‘doll’, ‘puppet’, ‘convict’ and ‘death blood’ are the most repeated ones. The impact of these words make the story more critic and shows a huge freedom in her writing. ‘Wife’, ‘mother’ and ‘woman’ are also very common in her writings, since the issues of womanhood, marriage and family are the ones in which she deepen