Through 1984, George Orwell predicted what a state which has absolute power over its citizens would look like in 1984 through the terrors of a government with total power over its citizens. The novel touched upon the deeper meanings of human corruption and evil, guiding the reader through the pain and suffering, as well as the joy and what little freedom that the main character, Winston Smith has in the hands of Big Brother, the symbol of the “Party. It is obvious, that Orwell’s intent was to warn the future generations of the dangers of authoritarianism, however even in the modern world we can find traces of 1984’s themes. There are many similarities between our modern day society and Orwell’s 1984, the most significant ones surveillance,
“War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength” (Orwell 17). The chilling dystopia presented in 1984 exemplifies the malicious nature of totalitarian governments in their pursuit of power and the various methods implemented to achieve control over the population. Using psychological manipulation and fear through war, falsehoods, and torture, Big Brother retains absolute control over one’s thoughts and actions, and thus strips the individual of humanity.
In George Orwell’s novel 1984, the party who rules the society uses different methods to control their citizens and strengthen their own power. By comparing with the modern American society, we can see similarities. This essay will contrast the two societies within the subjects of doublethink, surveillance and the governing of the people. Doublethink is a method and an act that is being used by the party and the American government to make the citizens simultaneously accept two contradictory beliefs as correct at the same time. Surveillance is used as the eye over the population.
Totalitarian governments, such as Nazi Germany, and their use of controversial techniques in order to rise power are significant influences on literature, creating parallels between it and novels such as 1984 by George Orwell. The system deployed by the Nazi regime in order to rise to power was undoubtedly, while immoral, very effective in eliciting the results desired by its enforcers. State sponsored murder or execution, prevalent in both Nazi Germany and 1984, were utilized by the government to incite hatred within its citizens. Big Brothers overbearing presence in the citizens lives strikingly resembles the relationship that dictators such as Adolf Hitler held with countries through implementation of similar propaganda techniques seen in
Irony is the expression of one 's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite. In 1984, by George Orwell, Winston Smith unknowingly encounters many situations involving irony. He tries his best to make sense of what is happening, and why. The Party uses these examples of irony to help maintain, and control, their own society. In 1984 there were examples of irony shown by; the names of The Ministry of Love, The Ministry of Truth, and the arrest scene for Julia and Winston.
Language as a form of mind control in 1984 and Brave New World Although one 's idea of Utopianism is unique to one’s beliefs, the genre of Utopian and Dystopian fiction is commonly tackled in novels, from which the authors convey the idea of a depraved society through detailing inhumane characteristics which would be seen unacceptable to any world citizen. In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, and 1984 by George Orwell authors create tyrannical governments responsible for a set of callous actions such as the eradication of freedom of speech and ideological control over their population’s mentality. These wrongdoings are achieved through the application of methods that obligate people to act as machines, such as the ad campaigns in Brave New World and the implementation of the Newspeak dictionary in 1984. As Orwell creates the ministry of truth as a means to demonstrate the lack of ideological freedom in oceania, Huxley discusses the concept of World Controllers and the use of SOMA as examples of the alienated society of Brave New World. Winston Smith is the protagonist of Orwell’s dystopian novel and represents a non-activist oppressed citizen of Oceania who is unable to conform with the government’s inequitable principles.
Both Orwell’s 1984 and Zamyatin’s We are dystopian novels expressing the fear of totalitarian governments and the lives of the citizens in these countries. Both of these novels express a similar theme. For example, both novels are set in an unpleasant totalitarian society in which the citizens are constantly being repressed and in both novels an unsuccessful attempt to rebel against the government exists. Despite these similarities, a closer look at both novels reveals that they have less in common than what comes to the eye. The very different nature of the protagonists in these two novels is the main reason to why these two novels are more different than alike.
In George Orwell’s novel 1984, A theme of violation of human rights is thoroughly present, from violation of privacy, violation of the freedom of speech and religion, and the loss of humanity in general from the ever present form of Big Brother. As the villain of the novel, Big Brother- who represents the government -has absolute control over the citizens’ lives. While 1984 effectively conveys the dangers of a totalitarian government, Orwell’s predicted society is not present in today’s world. Comparatively speaking, the United States of America has more rights and freedoms than Orwell’s Oceania, but in some cases the rights of the citizens must be violated for safety reasons and other justifiable causes. Orwell’s novel 1984 paints a picture
The two control methods are related as they contribute to one purpose the totalitarian control over the people of Oceania. The people are physiologically manipulated as discussed by the mental control measures, and physically forced into loving Big Brother. This is one of the methods the government uses to control people’s minds, by placing fear into them. The fear in 1984 limits the people into even thinking of challenging the government. The emotional trauma the people suffer is the fear they have when the government catches them not abiding to the laws.
George Orwell wrote 1984 back in the midst of World War II, which is alluded to multiple times in the book. He discussed what this world might turn into if we do not take action against the European leaders. The book depicts a over-controlling government, referred to as the Party, which is constantly spying on the citizens of the dystopian society called Oceania. One of the Outer-Party members named Winston Smith realizes the wrongdoings of the government and starts to rebel against them. Throughout the entirety of 1984, Winston can be seen as a hero by his defiance against the Party, his hatred toward the Party, and how he may have sparked a rebellion.
permission was always refused if the couple concerned gave the impression of being physically attracted to one another” (Orwell 68). This means that no couple that truly loves each other could ever get married. This is due to the fact that, the intimate loyalty between two party members could overpower the loyalty for Big Brother. In order to keep the citizens under psychological control, loyalty can only belong to Big Brother. Every thought or action will be for Big Brother and no one else, if loyalty between two spouses were allowed to develop, then the Party would no longer be able to control the motivations behind their actions as they would act for each other instead of just Big Brother.
In Orwell’s novel, 1984, he illustrates the commotion going on during the Hate Week. Big Brother wired the minds of people from Oceania to control their thoughts. In mid-sentence, the speaker switched the names around so that instead of being at war with Eurasia, Oceania was at war with Eastasia and the listeners did not notice the sudden change, showing how their minds are controlled. In this writing, Orwell emphasizes how corrupted the government is in some scenes during the Hate Week. Orwell acknowledges Hate week as being very rowdy, with citizens shouting, kicking, or with pure uproar coming from them, all caused by the same hatred towards Eurasia.
Complete government control and government spying is a fear that has been among people ever since technology has begun to advance. Totalitarian governments started to take shape in the 1930’s when there were obvious parallels between Hitler and Stalin (Gleason 150). In the 1940 's, George Orwell was one of those people in fear of rising totalitarian police states. Orwell wrote 1984 with the purpose of hoping to warn people of the dangers of the totalitarian form of government. Orwell tells the story through the life of Winston Smith and the daily oppression he goes through living in this form of government.
(Orwell) However, throughout the entire book, the war against Eastasia or Eurasia raged. This shows that someone will always be against the Party, or the society based on complete power. In World War II, Germany was a country based on hatred towards others – Jews, homosexuals, the disabled, and gypsies. Just like in the book 1984, the people of the country were manipulated. All propaganda was for the totalitarianism of Hitler and kids were taught at a young age to only believe what the leader of the country believed in.
One of the tactics a totalitarian government will use to control their society even to this day is restricting and censoring almost everything in the society. First, In the story of "1984" the party is always spying on everyone by using the tele screens so they can watch and hear everything happening in Oceania. This is like today with the NSA always looking and tapping into our phones meaning that they will always know what is happening in our lives, some countries use this to keep us safe but other countries use this to restrict citizens from their human rights. Another tactic a totalitarian government will use is the use of political rhetoric. The party in the novel "1984" use words like CAN YOU FILL IN WORDS HERE WITH EMPTY RHETORIC PLZ.