Crito did not want to be seen as someone who valued wealth more than valuing the opportunity to bribe the jailer and save Socrates. The most interesting argument is that Crito tells Socrates that it is morally wrong for him to stay and allow himself to be executed. Crito gives three different reasons for this statement. One is that Socrates will be doing what his enemies intended for him to do. Next, Socrates is failing to raise and educate his children if he agrees
Under these unjust circumstances, Crito argues that Socrates has a duty to escape. Crito begins by appealing to Socrates as a friend saying, “If you die, it will not be a single misfortune for me. Not only will I be deprived of a friend…but many people…will think that I could have saved you if I were willing to spend money, but that I did not care to do so.”(44c) Socrates addresses
Plato’s view on death According to Plato, Socrates didn’t fear death. He stopped fearing death when God ordered him to live the life of a philosopher. “No one knows whether death may not be the greatest of all blessings for a man, yet men fear it as if they knew that it is the greatest of all evils.” He says that this is just as bad as thinking that you’re wise, when you’re actually not. Arguing to the jury that death may not be as bad as people believe, he suggests that death can be a couple of things: Firstly, death can be nothing, and therefore it cannot be harmful. Secondly, death can be a change and a movement of the soul.
Aristotle advanced the philosophy of ethics, where he demonstrated that it is a means of achieving an end to happiness. However, happiness means many things to different people. To Aristotle, the most adequate way to pursue happiness is through the virtue of excellence. In his writings, Aristotle connected his therory of virtue to economics, and leadership as well. It is a matter of connecting ones personal ethics to that of ones business ethics., simply because Aristotle made no disticntion between ethics and politics.
Virtue is the central theme of the work, and virtue itself is the ‘good life’ as described by Socrates which results from the proper practices of several principles. The argument Socrates makes about one living a life of virtue and righteousness over that of a power hungry tyrant does not focus itself around the concept of an afterlife as a reward. Socrates makes several arguments throughout the dialogue that progressively build to explain what a good life entails, and does not rely on the idea that an afterlife has to be present for one to desire to live a life of virtue.
In Plato’s Republic, Socrates and his peers attempt to define justice. Unlike the definitions that his peers give, Socrates is searching to define justice as a structure, not a set of behaviors. Socrates uses a tripartite city-soul analogy to define justice and show that it is found when there is harmony between the three parts of the city—guardians, auxiliaries, producers—mirrored to the three parts of the soul—reason, spirit, appetite. Although Socrates provides a well-structured account of justice in an attempt to demonstrate that there cannot be social justice—in the city—if people don’t first bring internal justice—in the soul—in themselves, he has a notable contradiction in his premises. In Socrates’ ideal city it is a necessary condition of an auxiliary acting in a just way that he must cause any producers who get out of hand, or
By accepting his death and his punishment, Socrates is taking the easy way out instead of the path that would have been chosen by the just, good, and courageous man. Socrates spends the most time responding to this criticism for it is the criticism that he deems a valid consideration. He starts by verifying that life is not really the most important thing, instead it is the good life that truly matters. Now the good life can be defined in many ways, but for Socrates’s purposes he has decided that the good life is a just life. In his response to Crito, Socrates has several main points which I will first
Bothered by Socrates’ logic, Thrasymachus presents a revised version of his previous argument. Thrasymachus says that injustice is stronger than justice and that it most definitely results in a happier life. The example he uses (of a powerful dictator who is made happy through injustice is a reference to his earlier example that justice is used to the advantage of the stronger). Thrasymachus has not greatly changed the principle of his argument, just using alternate examples. Finally, Socrates claims that the unjust man is ignorant, weak and bad.
Plato once stated that the main function of education is not to put knowledge into the soul, but to bring out the latent talents in the soul by directing it towards the right objects. This empha¬sis on education came to the forefront only due to the then prevailing education system in Athens. Plato was against the practice of buying knowledge, which accord¬ing to him was a heinous crime than buying meat and drink. Plato strongly believed in a state control educational system. He held the view that without education, the individual would make no progress any more than a patient who believed in curing himself by his own loving remedy without giving up his luxurious mode of living.
The claim attributed to him by Plato that "an unexamined life is not worth living"… he inspired his followers to think for themselves instead of following the dictates of society and the accepted superstitions concerning the gods" (Mark 1). Do to Socrates' carefree lifestyle of no conformity, he was often accused of breaking laws and customs. Similarly, The Apology and Crito, speaks of Socrates experience with these accusations and how he believes persuasion is the most effective means of protest. The Apology is a dialogue written by Plato in 399 BC. The Apology features a speech presented by Socrates during his trial with the government.