The “Angel in the House” talks to Woolf while Woolf is writing, “My dear, you are a young woman...Be sympathetic; be tender; flatter; deceive; use all the arts and wiles of our sex…”. The Angel in the House’s words affirms that women should mainly focus on being appealing towards men, alerting the audience’s sense of hearing. Furthermore, this auditory imagery uses sounds that invokes the sense of being forced to align with another perspective (The Angel in the House), which pulls the audience’s heartstrings forcefully in the oppression by society. This relates back to the claim of how women were placed as the inferior sex since birth where they were raised to take advantage of their youth in order to simply please the opposite sex. Thus, society’s “ideal woman’s”
While efforts toward women’s civil rights had been made in previous centuries, large scale movements known as feminism began to truly gain ground in the 19th century. The beginnings of feminism, commonly defined as work toward the social, political, and economic equality of the sexes, are often attributed to Mary Wollstonecraft in her book The Vindication of the Rights of Women, published in 1792. The ideas spread by Wollstonecraft inspired many more prominent figures and works to emerge throughout the 1800s. The feminist movement was especially prevalent in Great Britain, where women such as Josephine Butler and writings like A Room of One’s Own and The Subjection of Women worked and spread awareness. While women’s political rights in 19th century Great Britain were improving, the social attitudes worked in the opposite way to confine women even more to household and domestic roles.
She feels that they are full of a kind of potential to be honest and good human beings, however a majority of them seem to belittle women and not show any great character. But men, in her opinion, can also be sensitive and poetic, as she portrays Anne’s love interest Captain Wentworth. Jane Austen’s social mirror reflects her very broken, unfair, Victorian society in an accurate and entertaining way. Her literary catalog is filled with commentary and wit regarding gender inequality, and she did not hesitate to inject her works with her own personal beliefs and thoughts. Austen was a brave individual for putting such hefty arguments into her works, and was a unique author in the ways she could encapsulate her society in such a realistic manner.
The poem can be considered a blazon traditional sonnet although it presents the tradition in an unconventional way. The typical way a blazon sonnet presents itself is through the broken-down description of a woman’s qualities. Women are usually highly praised and they are made to appear so out of reach; they become unobtainable even by the poet themselves. Women are portrayed as a collection of objects rather than human which accentuates the idea that they are so unattainable because no woman like them actually exist. The idea that beauty is what defines, and what controls a man’s love for a woman, is not depicted in Shakespeare’s sonnet, My Mistress’ Eyes.
These three characteristics include: being a faithful and practicing Christian, being submissive to one’s husband, and a good caretaker. In Macbeth, the stereotypical roles are reversed, so Lady Macbeth performs the dominating role in the relationship. To “take her nurturing milk for gall”, Shakespeare makes her sex ambiguous and this is clearly highlighted when she screams “unsex me here” and calls upon the “evil spirits to fill me from crown to the toe top full with direst cruelty”. This shows that she believes that a conventional Elizabethan society woman and Macbeth are not capable to commit murder. She is a blasphemous Christian, as murder that is a heinous deed in all cultures is absolutely unacceptable.
In The Second Sex, Simone de Beauvoir writes that “from patriarchy’s earliest times [men] have deemed it useful to keep woman in a state of dependence” (193), and indeed, nowhere is this intent more evident than in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. The Elizabethans were a deeply patriarchal society; women were expected to be meekly subordinate and as such were deprived of any legal independence or right to self-expression. Accordingly, the characters of Hamlet, most notably the titular character, often express extraordinarily misogynistic views. Logically, it would follow that Hamlet’s female characters—Gertrude and Ophelia—would be one-dimensional and submissive, serving only to further Hamlet’s story. However, in actuality, both women defy the traditional Elizabethan standard of femininity—Gertrude in her sexuality, and Ophelia in her madness—serving to create tension in the story and elicit unease in the audience.
Jane Austen’s first published work, Sense and Sensibility, a romantic novel, appeared in the year 1811. The world was first introduced to her portrayal of realism in English literature. Wisdom, self- control, emotion, enthusiasm, love, romance and heartbreak- all the basic realities of life are portrayed through Austen’s characters the Dashwood sisters- Elinore, Marianne and Margaret. At the end of the novel, the reader is given full freedom to decide whether sense and sensibility has emerged or not. This book is a beautiful and powerful introduction to Austen’s classics, a sensible, sensitive and delightful read about the extraordinary power of women ‘Pride and Prejudice’ is considered to be the finest novel of Jane Austen, and is a work of art in the history of English fiction.
Here, Yeats attempts to preempt a shift in gender roles and the consequence this may have on cultural norms in society. Yeats presents to his readers “inherited generic norms of love poetry against feminist objections and demands” through the male voice Robartes (Cullingford, 92). Yeats does this through representing a dialogue between the male and his traditional values and the progressive feminist, highlighting their differences in opinion. The poem begins with the Robartes stating that a woman is most “wise” when she is “plain”, and free of any opinion (Albright, 223). The revolutionary aspect of this poem is demonstrated by the woman who questions Robartes saying “May I not put myself to college” (Albright, 223).
Jane Austen helps to develop the novel as a serious genre by mocking the excess of inferior novels, and found a rich vein of absurdity in the "Gothic" and sentimental productions of her time. She is not an anti-romantic or destructive, but she insists rational, accurate enthusiasm. For example, in Emma Emma 's attitude toward Harriet Smith and Mr. Martin 's relationship was rejecting, Emma is convinced that Mr. Martin is not the suitable partner for her friend and she deserves a gentleman, even if Mr. Martin loves Harriet. Moreover, on of Jane 's contribution to the history of the novel is the development of narrative technique into a fully flexible tool for conveying a whole event. In her novel Emma, although the novel is written in third person point of view, the reader is restricted to Emma 's attitude and according to that the reader empathized with Emma when she behaves badly or embarrass herself.
It provided new ideas for women. I ask myself why Pamela was considered a novel when it promoted sexual assault between a master and a servant? “And I found myself in his Arms, quite void of Strength, and he kissed me two or three times as if he would have eaten me.” (Richardson 23) I answer my question with the thought that it was not the idea of sexual assault that was being provided but rather the quick wit of Pamela and her ability to hold Mr. B at bay and keep her virtue true which would have been difficult for most maids in her situation. “I said, I won’t stay!” (Richardson 23) That alone taught women that they were able to have an identity for themselves and a voice that would be heard. It taught principles in the form of stories.